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A Bloody Conflict . Section: 3. Combat in World War I. By 1917 World War I had claimed millions of European lives. Americans believed that their troops could bring the war to a quick end. No Man’s Land- The land located between the opposing trenches. Going over the top-

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combat in world war i
Combat in World War I
  • By 1917 World War I had claimed millions of European lives. Americans believed that their troops could bring the war to a quick end.
  • No Man’s Land-
    • The land located between the opposing trenches.
  • Going over the top-
    • When soldiers would climb out of their trenches and charge the opposing trench.
      • Causing hundreds of thousands of men to die.
  • New Technology of World War I:
    • Poison gas, tanks, airplanes, machine guns, and barbed wire.
the americans and victory
The Americans and Victory
  • Doughboys-
    • Nickname for American soldiers.
    • Although American troops were inexperienced, they boosted the moral of Allied forces.
  • To protect American merchant ships, Admiral William S. Sims proposed convoys.
    • Convoys- merchant ships and troop transports were gathered into groups and brought across the Atlantic by warships.
      • Reduced the number of ships sunk and ensured American troops would get to Europe safely.
russian revolution
Russian Revolution
  • Although the Russian people supported the war effort, their government was not equipped to handle the major problems of the nation.
  • In 1917 Vladimir Lenin the leader of the Bolshevik Party started a revolution to overthrow Czar Nicholas.
    • Lenin and his communist forces win and have the Czar and his family murdered.
  • Treaty of Brest- Litovsk-
    • Lenin signs treaty with Germany to removing Russia from the war in exchange the Germans would gain territory.
  • With Russia out of the war, Germany can now focus all its troops of the western front.
western front
Western Front
  • March 1918, Germany launched a massive attack along the Western Front.
    • They push deeply into Allied lines.
  • The Americans captured the village of Cantigny and with French assistance block the German attack on Paris.
  • September 1918, General Pershing put together a massive attack that pushed the Germans back out of France.
    • Largest attack in American history at the time.
  • November 11, 1918, Germany finally signed an armistice that ended the war.
war casualties
War Casualties

The Allies

Military dead:5,525,000Military wounded:12,831,500Military missing:4,121,000Total:22,477,500 KIA, WIA or MIA .

The Central Powers

Military dead:4,386,000Military wounded:8,388,000Military missing:3,629,000Total:16,403,000 KIA, WIA or MIA .

a flawed peace
A Flawed Peace
  • In January 1919 the victorious Allied nations met in Versailles, France.
  • President Wilson’s plan called the Fourteen Points.
    • The Fourteen Points is designed to eliminate the causes of war through:
      • Free trade
      • Disarmament
      • Open diplomacy instead of secret agreements
      • Right of self- determination
    • Also set up the League of Nations called member nations to help preserve peace and prevent future wars.
treaty of versailles
Treaty of Versailles
  • The other Allies felt that Wilson’s plan was too lenient on Germany.
  • The Treaty of Versailles
    • Treaty strips Germany of its armed forces
    • Made Germany pay reparations-war damages to the Allies.
  • The Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations were not passed in America. The U.S. Senate refused to sign the treaty.
    • Instead, the United States negotiated separate peace treaties with each of the Central Powers.