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A White Man’s Country. The Contradictions of Jacksonian E ra. Example: The Dorr War (1841) Most states remove property qualifications Meaning most white men can vote Not Rhode Island Site of growing factory production Many propertyless workers. Reformers call a “People’s Convention”

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the contradictions of jacksonian e ra
The Contradictions of Jacksonian Era
  • Example: The Dorr War (1841)
  • Most states remove property qualifications
    • Meaning most white men can vote
    • Not Rhode Island
    • Site of growing factory production
  • Many propertyless workers
Reformers call a “People’s Convention”
    • Gives all white men right to vote
    • Takes away right from black men
  • They elect lawyer Thomas Dorr governor
Pres. John Tyler crushes rebellion
  • Dorr goes to jail for treason
  • Legislature removes property qualifications for black and white
conundrum of jacksonian democracy
Conundrum of Jacksonian Democracy
  • Expanding democracy
  • Expanding slavery in the cotton kingdom
  • Racist Andrew Jackson icon of the era
  • By 1840, 90% of white men could vote
big picture
Big Picture
  • Jefferson succeeded by Madison and Monroe
    • Still from the revolutionary generation
    • Decolonization in South America
      • Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, etc. get independence
big picture1
Big Picture
  • Bank of United States acts as government’s financial arm
    • Semi-private institution
    • Akin to Federal Reserve today
    • Prints, lends money
problems with the bank
Problems with the Bank
  • Constitutional doubts
  • Helps fuel boom/bust, lending to fund western expansion
  • Panic of 1819
    • Debtors over-extended
    • Want relief
    • Some states help debtors at expense of creditos
  • Raises suspicion of banks
problems with expansion
Problems with Expansion
  • Missouri fiasco splits North and South
  • Problem of dividing up Louisiana Purchase
  • Slave or free?
  • Already slaves there
the missouri compromise
The Missouri Compromise
  • Compromise:
    • Maine admitted as free state
    • Missouri as slave
    • Slavery prohibited in all territory north of 36°30′ latitude
  • Guys like Jefferson and John Quincy Adams knew it was a danger to the Union
andrew jackson
Andrew Jackson
  • Hero of New Orleans/War of 1812
  • Ran for president in 1824
  • Won popular vote but failed to win majority in Electoral College
Lost to John Quincy Adams
    • Son of 2nd president
    • aristocratic New Englander
    • intellectual
    • not a very good politician
    • wanted the govt to do a lot
jackson strikes back
Jackson Strikes Back
  • 1828 victory revolutionizes politics
    • Well-organized political parties
    • Founding of Democratic Party
    • Most white men can vote
    • Patronage
jackson s ideas
Jackson’s Ideas
  • Limited government
  • Popular participation in govt for white men
  • Opportunity for whites, but definitely not Indians and blacks
democrats worry about inequality
Democrats Worry about Inequality
  • Industrialization, growing commerce
  • Suspicion toward bankers, merchants, speculators
  • Supported by small farmers, aspiring businessmen, urban workers
new opposition the whig party
New Opposition: the Whig Party
  • Believed in progress
  • Tariff to protect industries
  • Active federal govt
  • Tended to be supported by rich planters, already-successful merchants and bankers, Northerners
battles of the jackson era
Battles of the Jackson Era
  • Southerners didn’t like tariff, threaten “nullification”
indian removal
Indian Removal
  • Expansion of cotton production
  • Pushes into Indian lands in the South
  • Cherokees, Choctaws and other “civilized tribes” screwed
  • Georgia expels them
the trail of tears
The Trail of Tears
  • Supreme Court (1832): removal violates treaties with federal govt
  • “John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it” – Jackson
  • 18,000 Cherokees forced to move in 1838-9
  • 1/4 die on the wayto Oklahoma
seminoles in fl k eep f ighting
Seminoles in FL Keep Fighting
  • Second Seminole War (1835-1842)
  • Indians, escaped slaves join forces
  • 1,500 US soldiers die
  • Similar # of Seminoles
  • Most forced to leave
the bank war
The Bank War
  • Bank of US helped finance expansion
  • People suspicious of its power and authority
  • Led by a big snob from Philly named Nicholas Biddle
Bank charter to expire in 1836
  • Jackson vetoed bill to extend it
  • Saw it as tool of the “rich and powerful”
Jackson puts $$$ into state banks w/ political connections
  • They start printing money recklessly, causing speculation and inflation
  • Economic crash in England causes Panic of 1837
  • Followed by deep depression
First Whig president elected in 1840
  • Another military hero: William Henry Harrison
  • Dies in office after thirty days
  • Total fiasco
  • His successor disagrees with Whigs on everything
recap what the hell happened
Recap: What the Hell Happened?
  • Democratization mostly benefits white men
  • Economic growth, westward expansion on the backs of Indians and slaves