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The Course and the Conduct of World War I. EUROPE 1900. A-H declares war on Serbia Germany declares on Russia & France. Russia defends Serbia Britain declares on Germany. CHAIN REACTION!. UNITED STATES NEUTRAL!!! . German U- Boat Warfare. British blockade of German harbors

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chain reaction
A-H declares war on Serbia

Germany declares on Russia & France

Russia defends Serbia

Britain declares on Germany




German U- Boat Warfare

  • British blockade of German harbors
  • Germans respond with U – boat attacks on all ships
    • Violated international law
    • Sinking of the Lusitania - killed 128 Americans
    • Sussex pledge
u s response
U.S. response
  • U.S. unofficially supports Allies
    • Trade with British 800 M. 3 B.

Zimmerman Note

  • German alliance and military aid to Mexico, if they decide to enter the war vs. the US
  • Promised to help Mexico regain territory in the southwest (TX, NM, and AZ)
  • Another reason the US joined Allied side
u s r esponse
U.S. Response
  • Wilson declares war on April 2nd 1917
    • To make the world “safe for democracy” and “rights”
  • Germans continue unrestricted sub warfare…
standard 2
Standard # 2
  • Explain how the home front was affected by US involvement in WWI
  • What have you done to support the war “on terrorism” in the Middle East?
    • What sacrifices have you made for the war?
    • What do you do differently today because of the war?
big ideas
  • A. From “preparedness” to mobilization – **sacrifices made by all Americans**
  • B. Government took sweeping measures to control daily life, industry, info. ect…
  • C. Great opportunities for women and African Americans
  • D. Civil Liberties were restricted
mobilizing manpower
Mobilizing Manpower
  • Army:
      • Selective Service Act (May 1917)
        • Men 21-30 to register for service
        • 10M drafted, 2M sent to Europe
        • AEF “doughboys”
  • African Americans (400,000 served - 200,000 sent to Europe + segregated with white officers)
  • Women – nurses corps, office, factories
    • 330 women died
    • American Legacy video clips
African Americans
  • 100,000 performed essential duties like building roads, bridges, and trenches in support of the front-line battles.
  • 42,000 saw combat.
  • Spent 191 days in combat, longer than any other American unit in the war.
    • "My men never retire, they go forward or they die," - Colonel Hayward.
  • 369th First Allied unit to reach the Rhine.
mobilizing public opinion propaganda 24 2
Mobilizing Public Opinion: Propaganda(24.2)
    • Committee on Public Information (George Creel)
  • To “convince and reassure” (movies, posters, leaflets, Four – Minute Men, school drives)
    • Nationalism / Patriotism
    • Anti – German