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Different colours-the same meanings Hungarian folklore. Its main functions : Protect our body Decorate Emphasize social rank. Clothing at all. „ Dress code ”: written rules about where and what to wear depending on occassion and status since the 16th century

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clothing at all

Its main functions:

  • Protectour body
  • Decorate
  • Emphasizesocialrank

„Dresscode”: writtenrulesaboutwhere and whattoweardependingonoccassionand status sincethe 16th century

  • Duringthe 16the, the 17th and the 18th centurysimilaritiesondifferentlevels. Theselevels:
      • Villeins/peasantry
      • Craftsmen/civilians
      • Nobles/landowners
  • The 18th and 19th centurybrought more colours and a widerange of materials. Clothingbecame more „civilian”
  • The 20th centuryusedcheapbasicwithrichembroidering
traditional clothes

The earliestexpression of peaseantculture and art

  • Two main types of clothes:
          • Forweekdays
          • Forspecialoccassions (goingtochurch, wedding, funeral etc.)
  • Basicly made of handmadematerialslike
          • Linen
          • Woollencloth
          • Sheepskin, leather
traditional clothes1

Smallerorbiggerregionshavecertainruleshow and whattoputon. Theyaredifferentinpatterns and coloursbutserveasidentification.

Therearefour main regions and severalsubregionsinHungarianfolklore: Northern (felvidéki), Western (dunántúli), Eastern (alföldi) and Transylvanian

items of clothing

Made of linen:

      • Shirts (ing)
        • Culottes (gatya)
          • Trousers (nadrág)
            • Long shirts(pendely)
              • Skirts (szoknya)
                • Aprons (kötény)
Items of clothing
items of clothing1

Made of woollencloth:

    • Coat (szűr)
      • Jerkin (zeke)
        • Frieze (daróc)
Items of clothing
items of clothing2

Made of sheepskinand/orleather:

    • Kacagány (shortjacket)
      • Mellény (waistcoat)
        • Ködmön (shortjacket)
          • Suba (sheepskin)
            • Bunda (fur-coat)
Items of clothing
3 ways of dressing for women

4-10 shortskirts +a shirt +abodice +ashawl

  • 1-2 longskirts + a closedshirt +a colourfulbodice
  • more civilianfeatures: Industrial made textiles, tailor-madeclothes, silver and/orgoldenlaces, ribbonsandvelvetbonnets
    • 1-2 longskirts + a shirt + ashortjacket
3 ways of dressingforwomen
dressing for expressing

Traditionaldressing = a system of signs

Ifyouknowthesigns, youcandecode almost everythingabouttheperson: where he/she is from, his/her status, age, job, rank, financialsituation, theoccassion he/shedressedfor.

Forwomen’sclothesare more colourful, letusdecodesomecolours:

Black – a woman of advancedage

/Thiscolour has notbeenthesign of mourning, onlyinthelastfewdecades/

dressing for expressing1

Purple, darkblue, green, brown:

    • A womanintheprime of her life
  • White, red, gold:
    • A womaninheryouth (upto 35-40 years)
    • A womanmournsforherbelovedonesinheryoungage, shecannotwearbrightcoloursanymore.
    • A woman has a youngerhusband,shecanweara bit brightercoloursthanherage.
marital status family events

Unmarried, youngwomencouldwearseveralbeautifulhead-dresses.

  • A freshlymarriedyoungwoman had the most decorated bonnet.
  • A marriedwomanwithchildrencouldchangeher bonnet from 4 to 10 times, dependingonherchildren’s status.
  • A man’s hat wasdecorateddependingonhisage and status. A bridegroom’s hat was almost the most decorated, but a freshlyrecruited/servedthearmywasalsoverywelldecoratedonhis hat.
Marital status, familyevents
on the catwalk

The most beautifulbestclothes of winter/summerwereshownonthefirstdayofChristmas /Easter.

  • The most colourfulbestclothes of winter/summerwereshownontheseconddayofChristmas/Easter.