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Medical Informatics: Information Management. A User’s Guide. Dr Peter Cantillon Mr Ben Kanagaratnam. Outline. Organising and categorising medical information Libraries, Catalogues, Indexes etc. Electronic information Electronic records Electronic networks Human information management.

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medical informatics information management

Medical Informatics: Information Management

A User’s Guide

Dr Peter Cantillon

Mr Ben Kanagaratnam

slide2

Outline

  • Organising and categorising medical information
  • Libraries, Catalogues, Indexes etc.
  • Electronic information
  • Electronic records
  • Electronic networks
  • Human information management
slide3

Organising medical information

Media

Guidelines

Colleagues

Doctor

Institution

Medical school

Patients

slide4

Classification

Sore throat

Throat pain

Tonsillitis

Pharyngitis

URTI

  • Clinical coding
  • Read coding
  • ICD 10 coding
  • WHO classification
slide5

Misclassification

Patient-doctor interaction

  • Misinterpreted
  • Misinformation

Consultation

  • Misinterpreted
  • Misrecorded

Examination

  • Misidentified
  • Misanalysed
  • Misfiled

Investigation

Medical record

  • Misleading
  • Misreading
  • Missing altogether

De Dombal ‘96

slide6

Library information

Journals and periodicals

Categorisation

Books, Texts etc.

Archive material

slide8

Dewey system

Books on a topic

are shelved

together

616=medicine

616.0757 = radiology

Smi. = smith

a centralised record can be accessed easily by various hospital departments as illustrated below
A Centralised Record can be accessed easily by various hospital departments as illustrated below.
slide13

MEDICATION MANAGER

Patient Name : CURRENT DRUG HISTPORT

I.D. No. :

DIAGNOSIS :

Urinary Tract Infection

OTHER ACTIVE PROBLEMS

ASTHMA

Drugs Available for Diagnostic Profile :

CODE

AMPICILLIN

AMPICILLIN-SODIUM

SELECT CANCEL

Consultant :

CURRENT DRUG HISTORY

Include : All current and expired drugs.

DRUG DOSE

Becotide 250 2/day

Drug Allergies :

NONE KNOWN

PRESCRIBE

RESULTS....

slide15

Electronic information management

Keyboard

Scanner

RAM

Network

Information In

E-mail/Internet

Floppy/CD drives

Hard disc

slide16

Bits and Bytes

8 Bits = 1 Byte (one character on a page)

1024 Bytes = one kilobit (1-2Kb = page of text)

1024 kilobits = 1 megabit (Mb)

1024 megabits = 1 Gigabit (Gb)

Bandwidth

slide22

Human information management

Rational / logical

Learning

Emotional

  • Primacy
  • Recency
  • Association
  • Emphasis
  • Interest
  • > 1 sense

More likely to remember

slide23

Human information management

100%

75%

50%

Recall over time