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Mission to the Moon Recent Developments and Future Perspectives. Hartmut Müller TB 91 Bremen, 22.03.2005. Development of Exploration Missions. Human mission. Clementine. SMART. Sample return. -. 1. APOLLO. LUNA. Lander. 1 to 24. MER. SURVEYOR. Spirit & Opportunity. Mars. Orbiter.

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slide1

Mission to the Moon

Recent Developments and Future Perspectives

Hartmut Müller TB 91

Bremen, 22.03.2005

development of exploration missions
Development of Exploration Missions

Human mission

Clementine

SMART

Sample return

-

1

APOLLO

LUNA

Lander

1 to 24

MER

SURVEYOR

Spirit & Opportunity

Mars

Orbiter

Express

Mars Pathfinder

by

-

FLY

PHOBOS 1&2

Mars global

surveyor

MARS 4 to 7

USA missions

VIKING

Russian missions

European missions

F. Bonnefond TE 72

History of Space Exploration indicates trend via Moon to other planets and bodies

the european roadmap

Human element of First Human Mission

Entry Vehicle Demonstrator (EVD)

Precursor for Step 3

Human Mission Rehearsal 2

Advanced ExoMars

Mars Sample Return (MSR)

Lunar Mission

?

2026

2028

2012

2011

2033

2030

2024

2018

2016

2013

2009

2007

2022

ExoMars

Advanced Mars Sample Return & ISRU mission

Cargo element of First Human Mission

Precursor for Step 2

Habitability Demonstrator

Human Mission Rehearsal 1

The European Roadmap

& Aerocapture Demonstrator

slide5

Long Term Exploration Scenario

Via ISS Experience to Moon and Mars

slide7

Why to Moon first?

It‘s our neighbour

It’s visible

Technically feasible and affordable

Stepwise approach – near term relevance

There is a Demand

Moon provides a natural platform for Science (Astronomy/Astrophysics, Geology/ Geophysics/Geochemistry, Physics of the Sun and Life Science) and may build a Cornerstone within Mission to Mars

Visible Symbol of European capabilities – lighthouse project

Chances for European leadership in science and technology and autonomous access to Space based infrastructure

Perspective and motivation of young people and pacemaker for European science and technology

slide8

Lunar Infrastructure for Exploration (LIFE)

The Scientific Demand

  • Lunar far side is permanently free of radio interferences from Earth (quiet zone)
  • During the 2 weeks of Lunar night avoidance of distracting radiations from the Sun.

The Mission

  • Low frequency radio telescope
  • Implemented as an array of antennas
  • Maintenance and upgrade is possible
  • Stepwise extension
long term lunar presence 2018 an beyond
Long Term Lunar Presence (2018 an beyond)

EUROPEAN LUNAR OBSERVATORY (A)

tele-operated astronomical observatory, temporarily manned

  • Main requirements (for astronomical research)
    • No RF interferences
    • Low intensity ionosphere
    • No atmosphere, no orbital debris
  • Main tasks
    • Low frequency radio astronomy
    • Infrared astronomy
    • UV astronomy
    • Planetary defence (focus on detection)
    • Exploration (physics of the sun, geology, etc.)
  • Crater Daedalus on the Lunar Farside
    • located at 179° East, 5.5°South.
    • diameter of 80 km
long term lunar presence 2018 an beyond1
Long Term Lunar Presence (2018 an beyond)

ISAAC NEWTON LUNAR BASE (B)manned home base for lunar explorations

  • Main requirements (for manned exploration)
    • Self preservative base
    • Easy and safe transportation

to/from Moon

  • Main tasks
    • Provide life saving functionalities
    • Provide (surface) mobility
    • Provide communications
    • Use of lunar construction material
    • Utilisation of lunar resources
long term lunar presence 2018 and beyond
Long Term Lunar Presence (2018 and beyond)

EUROPEAN LUNAR OBSERVATORY (A)

(far side, near to the equator, Daedalus Crater

ISAAC NEWTON LUNAR BASE (B)

near side, between equator and south pole

Expedition to South Pole

DA VINCI LUNAR SOUTH POLE STATION (C)

near to the South Pole, peak of eternity

A

B

C

slide12

LIFE – First Approach towards a Programmatic

Human Missions to Moon

Automated Missions

Long term Perspective

Lunar Colony

Permanent Human Base

Mission to Moon

Application: Astronomy

Human tended far side astronomy base

Human exploration missions to south pole

Near side permanent crewed base

Human tended Base

Semi automatic Installation of complete System

And S&M over very long Distances (7000km)

Robotic Presence

Automatic Installation

over long Distance

Establishment of

Autom. Outpost

Second Set of Dipoles

Robotic Installation

First Set of Dipoles

Near Equator (Pre Cursor)

2050

2040

2020

2030

2010

Phase 1:

Mission to Equator (Enabling Telecommunication to terrestrial Ground Station)

First Set of Dipoles (Order of Magnitude: 10 to 30)

Automatic Distribution (Dispenser, automatic Orientation, Data Transfer via Cable)

Purpose of Mission: - Pre Cursor

- Establishment of core Element for LIFE

- Verification of standardized Mission Elements for next Phases

- Initial operation of LIFE

lunar vision
LUNAR VISION

KEY ISSUES OF EUROPEAN LUNAR PROGRAM

  • Sustainability
  • Continuity
  • Permanence

GO TO THE MOON

AND STAY ON THE MOON

slide15

If we look to the life cycle of our products her at EADS ST, one detect very

soon, that our products show a life cycle of 30 – 40 years or more.

So, if we start with development of new products, we have to think about their

application and their markets in 30 or 40years from now.

For this reason we established a working group at EADS ST dealing with long term

Perspectives of Space Travel.

In this context we are analysing different scenarios – from Space Tourism until

Exploration Missions – always targeted to identify potential applications for Space

Infrastructure beyond the classic application of telecommuication or micro gravity

Research.

This is why we look for a close relationship to potential users from very early onwards.

And this is why we invited you to this workshop to evaluate together with you the scientific potentails of lunar infrastructures

The purpose of this presentation is to give a global overview our idea of future space

Inrastructure as plattform for scientific purpose

As starting point for the discussion of: What is really needed?

But if we talk about moon, we also have to consider the Space exploration environment, in which the case for moon is to be discussed