attributes of a tragic hero from ars poetica
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Attributes of a Tragic Hero from Ars Poetica

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Attributes of a Tragic Hero from Ars Poetica. By Aristotle. Royal Birth. Born into a royal family or class How did Oedipus have “royal birth?”. Achieves Great Heights. The tragic hero achieves something that sets him above even other royals. What feat established this for Oedipus?

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Presentation Transcript
royal birth
Royal Birth
  • Born into a royal family or class
  • How did Oedipus have “royal birth?”
achieves great heights
Achieves Great Heights
  • The tragic hero achieves something that sets him above even other royals.
  • What feat established this for Oedipus?
  • How did he achieve “great heights?”
tragic flaw
Tragic Flaw
  • The Greeks called it “hamartia”--missing the mark
    • Perfectly human, forgivable shortcoming
    • A character flaw, not an act or event
      • Ambition, dishonesty, jealousy
hubris
Hubris
  • The specific “hamartia” of the tragic hero had to be hubris
    • The sin of unrelenting pride
    • Conceit
    • Arrogance
    • Thinking you cannot be touched by the gods, fate, punishment, etc
evidence of oedipus hubris
Evidence of Oedipus’ Hubris
  • Thought he could avoid the prophecy by leaving Corinth
  • Killed the old man to get his own way
  • Assumed Tiresias was lying
  • Ignored Jocasta’s and the shepherd’s advice to stop looking for the truth
the fall

The Fall

The Hero, who reached such great heights, loses EVERYTHING

Family, fortune, respect

tragic vision
Tragic Vision
  • He comes to see and admit his shortcoming.
  • How do we know that Oedipus sees his flawed character?
reversal

Reversal

The key to true Heroism

the tragic hero changes his life
The Tragic Hero changes his life
  • Becomes a humble man
  • Willing to submit to the will of the gods.
  • Give evidence of Oedipus' reversal.
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