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A CRUSADER TOWN PRESERVED AT ACRE. Acre (modern name: Akko or Akka ) is a city in the western Galilee region of northern Israel. . Acre (modern name: Akko or Akka ) is a city in the western Galilee region of northern Israel. .

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A CRUSADER TOWN PRESERVED AT ACRE


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    1. A CRUSADER TOWN PRESERVED AT ACRE

    2. Acre (modern name: Akko or Akka) is a city in the western Galilee region of northern Israel.

    3. Acre (modern name: Akko or Akka) is a city in the western Galilee region of northern Israel.

    4. Acre (modern name: Akko or Akka) is a city in the western Galilee region of northern Israel.

    5. Acre is one of the oldest continuously inhabited sites in the country.

    6. Acre is one of the oldest continuously inhabited sites in the country. The name of the city appears in documents of ancient Egypt dating to the 16th century BC.—in a tribute list of Thutmose III, the so-called Napoleon of New Kingdom Egypt

    7. Acre is one of the oldest continuously inhabited sites in the country. The name of the city appears in documents of ancient Egypt dating to the 16th century BC.—in a tribute list of Thutmose III, the so-called Napoleon of New Kingdom Egypt

    8. Alexander the Great annexed the city into his empire.

    9. It was renamed Ptolemais by Ptolemy II of Egypt,

    10. It was renamed Ptolemais by Ptolemy II of Egypt,

    11. It was renamed Ptolemais by Ptolemy II of Egypt, leader of the dynasty that ruled Egypt after the death of Alexander.

    12. As Ptolemais, the city eventually became part of the Roman Empire.

    13. The city came under the rule of the Muslims beginning in 638.

    14. The city came under the rule of the Muslims beginning in 638.

    15. The Muslims renamed the city Akka. It became prosperous and the main port of Palestine.

    16. The Muslims renamed the city Akka. It became prosperous and the main port of Palestine.

    17. In 1104, it was captured by the Christian forces of the First Crusade (Baldwin I, King of Jerusalem) .

    18. It became a part of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and the main port of the eastern Mediterranean.

    19. It became a part of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and the main port of the eastern Mediterranean.

    20. In 1187, Acre was re-taken by Saladin

    21. SALADIN

    22. SALADIN One of the most famous of Muslim military heroes and a leader who had succeeded in uniting all of the Middle East against the Crusaders.

    23. In 1191, the city was returned to Christian rule by Richard the Lionhearted during the Third Crusade.

    24. In 1191, the city was returned to Christian rule by Richard the Lionhearted during the Third Crusade.

    25. It became the capital of the remnant of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.

    26. It was the final stronghold of the Crusader state until 1291 when a Muslim army from Egypt ousted Acre’s Christian garrison in a bloody siege.

    27. The city became part of the Ottoman Empire in 1517 and fell into almost total decay until its revival in the 18th century.

    28. The existing city was built by the Ottoman Turks around 1750 and was built over the city of the Crusader era, effectively preserving Crusader town which lay hidden for centuries.

    29. "It's like Pompeii of Roman times — it's a complete city," EliezerStern, the Israeli archaeologist in charge of Acre

    30. "one of the most exciting sites in the world of archaeology." Eliezer Stern, the Israeli archaeologist in charge of Acre

    31. As a Crusader city, Acre was the headquarters and under control of the Knights Hospitallers

    32. Known officially as “Knights of the Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem,” the Hospitallers was founded at Jerusalem during the first Crusade to provide care for poor, sick or injured pilgrims. It became a religious and military order was charged with the care and defense of the Holy Land.

    33. The most important of the subterranean remains of Acre of the Crusaders was the headquarters of the Order of the Hospitallers(the Knights of St. John). It is an extensive building complex (ca. 4,500 sq. m.) with halls and many rooms built around a broad, open central courtyard.

    34. The Central Courtyard contained a well which provided a secure water supply for the inhabitants.

    35. Castle Well

    36. After the rule of the crusaders, this place was filled with earth and stones to the top. Much work for the archeologists to empty it again.

    37. Located just off the Central Courtyard was a public latrine with thirty stalls.

    38. LATRINE

    39. The Hospitaller headquarters contains a number of halls built by the Knights for a variety of purposes.