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Intergovernmental Relations. Definitions A. Old style federalism (dual) B. New style federalism (cooperative). Intergovernmental relations. C. Creative federalism: joint planning and decisionmaking (LBJ). Focus on Great Society programs

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Intergovernmental relations

Intergovernmental Relations

Definitions

A. Old style federalism (dual)

B. New style federalism (cooperative)


Intergovernmental relations1
Intergovernmental relations

  • C. Creative federalism: joint planning and decisionmaking (LBJ). Focus on Great Society programs

  • D. New federalism (Nixon): return autonomy to states but keep federal funding

  • E. New new federalism (Reagan/Bush): cut federal grants, transferred programs back to states


Intergovernmental relations2
Intergovernmental Relations

  • II. Evolution of Federalism

  • A. Requires the following features:

  • 1. written constitution dividing powers

  • 2. levels of govt. exercising powers over citizens directly

    3. constitutional distribution of powers that cannot be changed unilaterally


Intergovernmental relations3
Intergovernmental Relations

  • III. Types/Categories of governments

  • A. Unitary: all important power rests with national government (Japan)

  • B. Confederacy: power rests with ‘sovereign’ state governments (European Union)

  • C. Federation: national govt. shares power with states (U.S., Germany)


Intergovernmental relations4
Intergovernmental Relations

IV. Analogies of Federalism

A. Layer Cake model

B. Marble cake model/cooperative

C. Picket fence model


Federalism and igr
Federalism and IGR

  • V. Grants-in-Aid (Fiscal Federalism)

  • A. Purposes Behind Grants: fiscal mismatch

  • B. Categorical grants

  • 1. matching provisions

  • 2. discretion given to federal govt.

  • 3. different types: formula and project


Federalism and igr1
Federalism and IGR

  • C. Block grants

  • 1. few guidelines

  • 2. discretion to states

  • D. General Revenue sharing (GRS)

  • 1. almost no guidelines

  • 2. eventually eliminated due to abuse


Federalism and igr2
Federalism and IGR

  • VI. The Development of National Supremacy

  • A. McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)

  • 1. background

  • 2. legal issues

  • 3. Court ruling