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Capitulo 4. Anna Davies Erin Hathaway Carina Martin Alissa Mercado Amy Slater Juliana Roberts Thomas Rugg Ryan Wheeler Austin Zaboski. Los Verbos Reflexivos. What? Verbs are reflexive when the subject receives the action of the verb, in English we say “self or selves”

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Capitulo 4

Anna Davies

Erin Hathaway

Carina Martin

Alissa Mercado

Amy Slater

Juliana Roberts

Thomas Rugg

Ryan Wheeler

Austin Zaboski


Los Verbos Reflexivos


  • Verbs are reflexive when the subject receives the action of the verb, in English we say “self or selves”
    • Reflexive Pronouns are:

Me Nos

Te Os

Se Se

When do we use them?

  • Reflexive verbs describe daily routines
    • Some Common Reflexives:

Ducharse Despertarse

Levantarse Vestirse


Me ducho cada día. I shower every day.

Se levanta a las seis. She gets up at 6.

Te despiertas a las diez. You go to bed at 10.

Se visten cada dia. They get dressed everyday


*Others describe a physical or emotional state

Some Common Reflexives:

Divertirse sentirse


Me divertímucho. I enjoyed myself.

Se siente fatal. She feels awful.

*Some describe a change of state and carry the additional meaning of “to get” or “to become”

Some Common Reflexives:

Enojarse aburrirse

Ponerse cansarse


Me aburro mucho. I became very bored.

Te cansas. You became tired.

Se puso enojado. He became angry.

Nos enojamos. We became angry.

reflexive verbs that change meaning
Reflexive verbs that change meaning:
  • Irse-to leave
  • Parecerse-to look like
  • Quitarse-to take off
  • Perderse-to get lost
  • Dormirse-to fall asleep
  • Quedarse-to stay
  • Volverse-to become

Verbs that are always reflexive:

  • Darse cuenta de-to realize
  • Quejarse-to complain
  • Portarse bien-to behave

Reflexive pronouns in reciprocal actions:

Reflexive pronouns in reciprocal actions:

  • To indicate what people do to or for each other use “nos” and “se” before the first person and first person plural of the verb
  • Mi hermana y yo nos hablamos cada dia.
  • Alfonso y Jefe se pelean mucho.
  • You may place the reflexive pronoun before the conjugated verb or attached to the infinitive or participle in a verbal phrase.
  • Vamos a vernosmañana.
  • Nos vamos a ver mañana.
  • Marisa y Paulo estaban abrazándose.
  • Marisa y Paula se estaban abrazando.
do not forget to chachacha
  • (place the accent on the third to last syllable when you add the pronoun to a present participle)


Abrazarse comprenderse entenderse

Ayudarse escribirse pelearse

Contarse besarse saludars verse leerse conocerse hablarse llamarse llevarse

 El fin. Ahora vamos a practicar!

reciprocal verbs

Reciprocal Verbs

The “each other” verbs- or verbs that you do to each other

how to use them
How to use them
  • The Nosotros, Vosotros and Ellos form can be used to express reciprocals
  • You use the reflexive pronouns before like nos, os or se
  • Sometimes verbs are reciprocal and reflexive (in this case you can use “El uno al otro” or “Uno a otro” to emphasize)
common verbs








Common Verbs
  • Nosotras nos ayudamos.
    • We help ourselves.
  • Nosotras nos ayudamos una a otra
    • We help each other.
  • Ellos se mataron.
    • They killed themselves.
  • Ellos se mataron los unos a los otros.
    • They killed each other.
your turn
Your Turn
  • We need each other.
  • They saw each other.
  • We met each other.
  • They hugged each other.
  • We kissed each other.

Nosotros nos necesitamos (la una a laotra).

Ellos se vieron

Nosotros nos conocimos/encontramos (la una a la otra).

Ellos se abrazaron

Nosotros nos besamos

el subjuntivo con verbos de emoci n
El Subjuntivo con verbos de Emoción
  • Para formar el subjuntivo vaya al YO quita la O y añade las terminaciones opuestas.
  • Go to the YO drop the O and add the opposite endings.
  • Para los verbos con –ar añade “-e” o “-en”. Para los verbos con –er/ir añade “-a” o “-an”
  • -AR
  • Cocinar – Cocino – Cocin – Cocine – Cocinen
  • -ER
  • Poner – Pongo – Pong – Ponga – Pongan
  • -IR
  • Decir – Digo – Dig – Diga – Digan
formas irregulares
Formas Irregulares
  • DAREstarIrSerSaber
  • dé Ud. Esté Ud. Vaya Ud Sea Ud. Sepa Ud
  • den Uds. Estén Uds. Vayan Uds Sean Uds. Sepan Uds

We use the subjunctive after verbs indicating suggestions, desire or commands.

We also use it after verbs and impersonal phrases indicating emotion.


Ojalá que

Siento que

Me allegro que

Es dudoso que

Es aconsejable que

temo que

es bueno que

me molesta que

es importante que

es necesario que

tengo miedo que

es triste que

me soprende que

es possible que

es raro que

Y muchos más….

Me molesta que mi amiga no guarde mis secretos

Es bueno que ella corra todos los días.

Es malo que llueva.

el subjuntivo con verbos de emoci n pract ca
El Subjuntivo Con Verbos de EmociónPractíca

Traduce los frases:

  • 1.It's important that the students read their books:
  • 2. It's possible that we will buy a house
  • 3. It is advised that parents talk to their children.
  • 4. It's terrible that the children don't eat all of their food
  • 5. Hopefully he will have a good vacation.

Es importante que los estudiantes lean sus libros

Es posible que compremos una casa.

Es aconsejable que los padres hablen con sus hijos.

Es terrible que los niños no coman todo su comida.

Ojalá que el tenga buenas vacaciones.


Uses for para:

  • Purpose (in order to)
    • Salí temprano para la playa.
  • Destination
    • Este sábado mi familia y yo nos vamos para el ciudad.
  • A point in time; Deadline
    • Yo ojala que el coche tiene gasolina para el sábado.
  • Use; Purpose
    • El libro de texto sirve para estudiar.
  • Opinion
    • Para mí, no me gusta pescado.

P- Purpose

E- Effect

R- Recipient

F- Future dates or Deadlines; Events

E- Employment

C- Comparison

T- Towards a specific place

por for
Por – For

Por is a preposition just like para, which means that it links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. But, it is important to remember that the usages of por and para are different.


is a helpful acronym to remember when to use por!

a t r a c t e d
A. T. R. A. C. T. E. D.

A – round a place

T – hrough a place

R – eason, excuse

A – fter, as in “going to get something” (Going after something or someone)

C – o$t

T – hanks

E – xchange

D – uration (length)


A – round a place

¿Hay un cine por aquí?

Is there a movie theater around here?

Yo vivo por esta calle.

I live around this street.

Ayer caminamos por la playa.

Yesterday we walked to the beach.


T – hrough a place

Paso por el parque todos los días.

I pass through the park every day.

Caminé por la escuela.

I walked through the school.


R – eason, excuse

¿Por qué llegaste tarde?

-Por el tráfico.

Why did you arrive late?

-Because of the traffic.

Se pelearon por un programa de televisión.

They fought over a television program.


A – fter, as in “going to get something” (Going after something or someone)

Voy al supermercado por leche.

I’m going to the supermarket for milk.

Vamos a la casa de Ana por ella.

We go to Ana’s house for her.


C – o$t

Pagué cincuenta dólares por esta falda.

I paid fifty dollars for this skirt.

Compraron los zapatos por cuarenta euros.

They bought the shoes for forty euros.


T – hanks

Gracias por la ayuda.

Thank you for the help.

Gracias por el regalo, ¡Me gusta mucho!

Thanks for the present, I like it a lot!


E – xchange

Yo quiero cambiar esta blusa blanca por eso azul.

I want to change this white blouse for that blue one.

Cambiamos la mesa vieja por una nueva.

We changed the old table for a new one.


D – uration (length)

He vivido aquí por mas de diez años.

I have lived here for more than ten years.

Iremos a España por dos semanas.

We will go to Spain for two weeks.

el fin
El fin

¡Es todo que tienen que conocer sobre POR!

mandatos con nosotros
Mandatos con Nosotros
  • Nosotros commands are used to suggest that others do an activity with you (Let’s…)
  • To form: Use the present subjunctive form of nosotros. (Go to the yo, drop the –o, and add the opposite ending)


Resolvamos el conflicto

Comamos allí.

  • Stem-changing verbs that end in –ir have a stem change of e->i or o->u.
  • Verbs ending in –car, -gar, or –zar have a spelling change.
  • DOPs and IDOPs are attached at the end of the affirmative nosotros commands. However, they come before negative nosotros commands.
  • Drop the final –s of the command when attaching reflexive or reciprocal pronouns at the end of the command.
practice translate
Practice- Translate
  • Let's count the chickens.
  • Let's not lie.
  • Let’s go to the store.
  • Lets write it (letter) to them.
  • Let’s not buy it (book).

Contemos los pollos.

No mintamos.

VAMOS a la tienda.


No lo compremos.

possessive pronouns
Possessive Pronouns

mio(s) mia(s) nuestro(s) nuestra(s)

my, mine our, ours

tuyo(s) tuya(s) vuestro(s) vuestra(s)

your, yours your, yours

suyo(s) suya(s) suyo(s) suya(s)

your, yours your, yours

his, her, hers their, theirs

Don’t forget the definite article el/la/los/la

The only time it can be left out is after the verb SER

possessive pronouns36
Possessive Pronouns
  • Used for clarity and emphasis
  • When we use the verb ser we can omit the definite article afterwards.
  • Must agree in gender and number