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Prevention Sharing minds, changing life styles. Jean-Jacques Dohogne – ACR+. Summer School course – San Sebastian July 2011. Testing. Who buys at least once a month organic or ecological products? Who uses his reusable shopping bag 90% of times? Who is printing both sides 90% of times?

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Prevention Sharing minds, changing life styles


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  1. PreventionSharing minds, changing life styles Jean-Jacques Dohogne – ACR+ Summer School course – San Sebastian July 2011

  2. Testing... • Who buys at least once a month organic or ecological products? • Who uses his reusable shopping bag 90% of times? • Who is printing both sides 90% of times? • Who is drinking tap water almost all the time? • Who is composting at home or in the community?

  3. Our consumption patterns...

  4. … makes that we are literally eating away our planet and leaving a huge waste pile

  5. Today • Think globally, Act locally! • Think Life Cycle, Close the Loop! • Sustainable consumption and production • Waste hierarchy, no trade off! • Waste prevention benchmarking is key! • Think globally, Act locally!

  6. Think globally, Act locally! • Think Life Cycle, Close the Loop! • Sustainable consumption and production • Waste hierarchy, no trade off! • Waste prevention benchmarking is key! • Think globally, Act locally!

  7. Ecological rucksack Resource indicators

  8. Ecological rucksack 540 tons natural materials 1kg gold Resource indicators 10 tons kg WEEE 1kg gold Source: Umicore 2011

  9. Ecological rucksack 85 kg natural materials 1kg Aluminium Resource indicators 1kg Aluminium 3,5 kg recycled aluminium Source: Umicore 2011

  10. Ecological footprint 6 ha 5,6 ha Productive surface available per person 2 ha 3 ha Ecological footprint of the rich countries per person 1,4 ha 1 ha 1900’ 1950’ 2010’

  11. Municipal waste – top of iceberg Municipal waste 600 kg 500 kg 3500 kg Industrial waste Switch to vegetarian diet reduces the resource consumption per person per year with 1600 kg Resource indicators 2900 kg Resources 50.000 kg 41.500 kg Source: ACR+, 2011

  12. When will we reach ‘peak oil’? Resource indicators

  13. Wake up – we reach several peaks!! Peak Depletion Main area of usage 2006-2026 2055-2100 Energy generation, chemical industry,… 2010-2025 2075 Energy generation 3500 kg 2100 2160-2210 Energy generation Resource indicators Passed? Drinking, agriculture, industry,… 50.000 kg Platinum 2020 Electronics, industry, medicine Silver 2020-2030 Electronics, pharmaceuticals Source: ITRE, 2009

  14. “The significant problems we face cannot be solved at the same level of thinking we were at when we created them” - quote Albert Einstein Resource indicators

  15. Think globally, Act locally! • Think Life Cycle, Close the Loop! • Sustainable consumption and production • Waste hierarchy, no trade off! • Waste prevention benchmarking is key! • Think globally, Act locally!

  16. Cradle to grave system Life cycle thinking Take Make Waste Resource Product Waste

  17. Life Cycle Thinking Cradle2Cradle Redesign Rethink Reduce Technological & Biological Cycle of products Resources Products Waste Resources Waste Life cycle thinking Recycle Reuse Repair Source: ACR+, 2011

  18. Life Cycle Thinking Prepare for reuse Reuse Selling/ donate PRODUCT 2nd LIFE & more PRODUCT 1st LIFE RESOURCES WASTE Recycled materials Life cycle thinking ¨PARTS/ MATERIALS OTHER NEW PRODUCT Recycling Source: ACR+, 2011

  19. Think globally, Act locally! • Think Life Cycle, Close the Loop! • Sustainable consumption and production • Waste hierarchy, no trade off! • Waste prevention benchmarking is key! • Think globally, Act locally!

  20. Sust. Cons & Prod. Action Plan Review prospects 2012 • Eco-design requirements for recycled content, recyclability, durability … • Eco-design criteria for packaging • Extendedwarranty and support for productrepairschemes • Promotedurability/ banning of planned obsolescence • … Sustaineble Cons. & Prod. Source: DEFRA 2009

  21. How many of the consumers in Europe buy green products? Whosays more than 30%? Sustaineble Cons. & Prod. Source: DEFRA 2009

  22. Green Behavior Segments 95% wouldbuy green 75% know what a green productis 63% looking for green Sustaineble Cons. & Prod. 47% saw green products 22% bought green Source: 2009 GMA/Deloitte Green Shopper Study, studied > than 6,000 shopper experiences in 11 major retailers

  23. Think globally, Act locally! • Think Life Cycle, Close the Loop! • Sustainable consumption and production • Waste hierarchy, no trade off! • Waste prevention benchmarking is key! • Think globally, Act locally!

  24. Waste hierarchy More efficient Strict avoidance A labels Wasteprevention Reductionat source Wasteminimi-sation Reuse Waste hierarchy B Prepare for reuse C Recycling D Inciner. + energy rec. E Lanfilling Less efficient

  25. Treating waste as a resource 2030 targets considered in the EC Roadmap Resource Efficiency 2009 2030 Recycling & composting = 42% Prevention = 15% Prepare for reuse/Recycling& composting = 80/90% Waste hierarchy Incineration = 20% Flanders 2010 = 73% Landfilling = 38% Incineration = 5-10% Landfilling = 5 % Source: waste issues in the context of resource efficiency -Pavel Misiga (EU 2011)

  26. Roadmap towards sustainability ‘Requires managed austerity & design philosophy’ Product life time doubled or tripled Energy consumption/ cap like 1960s/ 1970s Recycling overall 90% Measure of performance Waste hierarchy Product life time increase by > 50% Energy consumption/ cap like 1950s/ 1960s Recycling overall 50% 2010 2020 2030 Source: TNO, 2010

  27. Useful economic instruments Eco-taxes Deposit refunds EPR fees Products Green certificates Incineration taxes Raw material taxes Raw materials Waste Incineration Life cycle Waste hierarchy Disposal Disposal taxes Recycled products Selective collection Tax rebates Waste collection taxes (PAYT) Secondary raw materials Tax rebates

  28. Think globally, Act locally! • Think Life Cycle, Close the Loop! • Sustainable consumption and production • Waste hierarchy, no trade off! • Waste prevention benchmarking is key! • Think globally, Act locally!

  29. Is Spain producing above EU27 average MSW? Waste prevention EU 27 (2009)= 505 kg/inh/y Spain (2009)= 545 kg/inh/y

  30. We can reduce with 100 kg/inh/y!

  31. ACR+ -100 kg benchmark Waste generation EU 15 in kg/inh/y (with prevention) Waste generation EU 15 in kg/inh/y -100 kg or -15% Waste prevention 600 kg/inh/y 500 kg/inh/y

  32. Waste hierarchy detailed Complete prevention of wastegeneration by reducingmaterialintensity in production & consumption A++ Strict avoidance Multiple use of a product in its original form, for its original purpose or for an alternative, with or withoutreconditioning Minimisingmaterialcosumption Wasteprevention Waste prevention A+ Reductionat source Reuse A

  33. Waste prevention as a multi-instrumental approach How? • Legal instruments • Economic instruments • Educational instruments • Communication tools • Technical instruments and technologies Why? • Resources (saving material and energy resources) • Climate change (reducing GHG emissions) • Socio-economic (creating sustainable jobs & lifestyles) • Financial (saving money) Waste prevention

  34. Think globally, Act locally! • Think Life Cycle, Close the Loop! • Sustainable consumption and production • Waste hierarchy, no trade off! • Waste prevention benchmarking is key! • Think globally, Act locally!

  35. Benchmarking? What? • “Systematic research into the waste prevention activity performances and the underlying processess and methods of one or more leading reference bodies in a certain field, and the comparison of one’s own performance and operating methods with these ‘best practices’, with the goal of locating and improving one’s own performance” Waste prevention cases

  36. ACR+ -100 kg benchmark Per waste stream Waste prevention cases

  37. Benchmarking - cases Waste prevention cases

  38. ACR+ -100 kg benchmark Bio-waste, best practices Waste prevention cases

  39. ACR+ -100 kg benchmark Bio-waste, best practices Reduce Home composting Reduce Smart gardening Reuse Food banks Waste prevention cases

  40. On-site leave composting Royal Parks (UK) Waste reduction Target 100% leave waste by 2005 Result 100% of the leave waste composted Waste prevention cases 10.000 trees 3000m3 green waste 1800m3 compost

  41. Food redistribution Fareshare (UK) Participation Target 100.000 vulnerable people 6000 volunteers 2200 community org. & charities Result 25.000 people benefit every day Waste prevention cases Waste reduction Target Redistribute 20.000 tons of food/y CO2 emissions down by 25200 tons Result 10.500 tons of food redistributed

  42. Home composting Kent Council (UK) Participation Target 35% of the HHLDs by 2010/11 Result Is home composting waste prevention? 34% of HHLDs in 2008 Waste reduction Waste prevention cases Target Results • 18500 biowaste reduction • 103.000 compost bins sold • 250 active compost advisors • Residual waste from 733 to 704kg/hhld/y • 13875 biowaste reduction • 75000 compost bins sold • 185kg biowaste composted/hhld/y

  43. ACR+ -100 kg benchmark Packaging waste, best practices Get rid of one way packaging Waste prevention cases

  44. ACR+ -100 kg benchmark Packaging waste, best practices Reduction at source Strict avoidance Reuse Waste prevention cases

  45. Marks & spencer PlanA (UK) Participation Target All M&S shops Result 92 reduction 100% Waste reduction Waste prevention cases Target • Reduce weight of non-glass packaging by 25% by 2012 • Reduce single use carrier bag by 33% by 2010 Results • Non-glass packaging reduced by an average of 20% (from 25gr to 20gr) • Single use carrier bags decreased by 64%

  46. Packaging optimisation Negative Environm .impact Optimum Pack design Waste prevention cases Minimal Environm. impact Underpacking Overpacking Minimum material

  47. Levy on plastic bags Ireland – nation wide Waste reduction Target 90% reduction in single-use plastic Bags by 2002 Results 94% reduction or 328 21 single–use bags/inh/y 1.2 billion 72 million single-use bags per year Waste prevention cases Levy 2002 = 0,15% Levy 2007 (reviewed) = 0,22%

  48. Public water fountain Municipality of Castelfidardo(IT) Participation Mineral & sparkling water Target All inhabitants (19.000 inh) Result 5% or 800 inhabitants Waste reduction Waste prevention cases 300.000 liter/y tapped corresponding to 200.000 bottles of PET (1,5l) prevented or 6000 kg of PET Results CO2 emissions down by 10 tons Investment cost = 23.364 Euros

  49. ACR+ -100 kg benchmark Paper waste, best practices Waste prevention cases

  50. ACR+ -100 kg benchmark Paper waste, best practices Reduction at source Strict avoidance Reuse Waste prevention cases