Eating Disorders:Anorexia Nervosa &Bulimia Nervosa 8th Grade Health Mr. Springer
I told another lie todayAnd I got through this dayNo one saw through my gamesI know the right words to sayLike "I don't feel well," "I ate before I came"Then someone tells me how good I lookAnd for a moment, for a moment I am happyBut when I'm alone, no one hears me cryI need you to knowI'm not through the nightSome days I'm still fighting to walk towards the lightI need you to knowThat we'll be OKTogether we can make it through another dayI don't know the first time I felt unbeautifulThe day I chose not to eatWhat I do know is how I've changed my life foreverI know I should know betterThere are days when I'm OKAnd for a moment, for a moment I find hopeBut there are days when I'm not OKAnd I need your helpSo I'm letting goI need you to knowI'm not through the nightSome days I'm still fighting to walk towards the lightI need you to knowThat we'll be OKTogether we can make it through another dayYou should know you're not on your ownThese secrets are walls that keep us aloneI don't know when but I know nowTogether we'll make it through somehow(together we'll make it through somehow)I need you to knowI'm not through the nightSome days I'm still fighting to walk towards the lightI need you to knowThat we'll be OKTogether we can make it through another day
Anorexia Nervosa • Definition: a serious, potentially life threatening eating disorder characterized by self-starvation/excessive weight loss
Anorexia Nervosa Symptoms Primary Symptoms • Resistance to maintain body weight at or above a minimally normal body weight for age/height • Intense fear of weight gain or being “fat”, even though underweight
Anorexia Nervosa Symptoms Primary Symptoms (cont) • Disturbance in the experience of body weight/shape or denial of seriousness of low body weight. • Loss of menstrual periods in girls and women post-puberty.
Warning Signs Of Anorexia Nervosa • Dramatic weight loss • Preoccupation with weight, food, calories, fat grams, and dieting • Refusal to eat certain foods/groups Ex. No Carbs • Frequent comments about being fat or overweight despite weight loss • Denial of hunger
Warning Signs Of Anorexia Nervosa • Development of food rituals (excessive chewing, rearranging) • Consistent excuses to avoid mealtimes/situations involving food • Excessive exercise routine • Withdraw from usual friends & activities
Consequences Of Anorexia Nervosa • Abnormally slow heart rate/low blood pressure, increased risk of heart failure over time • Reduction in bone density • Muscle loss/weakness • Severe dehydration which can result in kidney failure • Dry hair & skin, hair loss is common • Growth of downy hair layer called lanugo all over body
Anorexia Nervosa Facts 90-95% of sufferers are girls/women (American Psychiatric Assoc.) Between 5-10% of American women suffer from Anorexia Nervosa Between 5-20% of individuals with Anorexia Nervosa will die (Zerbe, K.J.(1995) The Body Betrayed) Typically appears in early to mid-adolescense, one of the most common psychiatric diagnoses in young women (Hsu, G.L.K. (1996) Epidemiology of the Eating Disorders. Psychiatric Clinics of North America,19(4), 681-697)
Anorexic Twins Video Clips (part 1) (part 2) (part 3) (part 4)
Bulimia Nervosa • Definition: a serious, potentially life-threatening eating disorder characterized by a cycle of bingeing followed by purging to try and rid the body of unwanted calories.
Bulimia Nervosa Symptoms • Primary Symptoms • Regular intake of large amounts of food accompanied by a sense of loss of control over eating behavior. • Regular use of inappropriate compensatory behaviors such as self-induced vomiting, laxative/diuretic abuse, fasting, and/or obsessive compulsive exercise. • Extreme concern with body weight and shape.
Warning Signs of Bulimia Nervosa • Evidence of binge eating (food wrappers) • Evidence of purging behaviors (frequent trips to bathroom after meals) • Excessive, rigid exercise regimen • Unusual swelling of cheeks/jaw area
Warning Signs of Bulimia Nervosa • Calluses on back of hands/knuckles from self-induced vomiting • Discoloration/staining of teeth • Creating of lifestyle schedules to make time for binge & purge sessions • Withdrawal from friends and activities
Consequences of Bulimia Nervosa • Electrolyte imbalances can lead to irregular heartbeat, heart failure and death. • Inflammation and possible rupture of esophagus from frequent vomiting. • Tooth decay and staining from stomach acids released during vomiting. • Chronic irregular bowel movements and constipation as result of laxative abuse. • Gastric rupture is possible.
Bulimia Nervosa Facts • Bulimia nervosa affects 1-2% of adolescent and young adult women. • Approximately 80% of bulimia nervosa patients are female. • People struggling with bulimia nervosa appear to be of average body weight. • Many people struggling realize their behaviors are unusual and dangerous to their health. • Bulimia nervosa is frequently associated with symptoms of depression & changes in social adjustment.
Binge Eating Disorder (BED) Definition: characterized by recurrent binge eating or compulsive overeating
Warning Signs of Binge Eating Disorder • Frequent episodes of eating large quantities of food in short periods of time. • Feeling out of control over eating behavior. • Feeling ashamed or disgusted by behavior. • Eating when not hungry and eating in secret
Health Consequences of Binge Eating Disorder • High blood pressure • High cholesterol levels • Heart disease • Diabetes • Gallbladder disease *All of these symptoms commonly associated with clinical obesity.
Binge Eating Disorder Facts • Affects approximately 1-5% of the population. • Affects women slightly more than men (60% are female, 40% are male). • People struggling with binge eating disorder can be of normal or heavier than average weight. • BED associated with symptoms of depression.’ • People struggling with BED often express distress, shame and guilt over their eating behaviors.