Land of the Pharaohs. Hieroglyphics. With a partner or small Group translate these 5 things – Closest is Rewarded!. Chipotle Rocks Go Steelers Be-True BWHS Everyone Loves SillyLand Its Good to be King. Hieroglyphics. “The Gift of the Nile”.
With a partner or small Group translate these 5 things – Closest is Rewarded!
Everyone Loves SillyLand
Its Good to be King
An Arab traveler once wrote, “The Egyptian Nile surpasses all the rivers of the world in sweetness of taste, in length of course and usefulness. No other river in the world can show such a continuous series of towns and villages along its banks.”
Lower Kingdom of the Delta
The Great Water Ways
Eastern & Western Deserts
Natural Barriers Fostered Isolation and Protection from Invasion – North, South, East, and West were all defended
Around 3100 BCE, the first royal dynasty united the Upper and Lower Kingdoms – under King Menes
The Double Crown was created combining the White Crown of Upper Egypt and the Red Crown of Lower Egypt
The Old Kingdom lasted from around 2686 BCE to 2180 BCE
The Capital of the Old Kingdom was a city called Memphis, just south of the Nile Delta
The Divine Institution of Kings – Pharaoh
In Egypt the Pharaoh was a GOD among men, literally: “He is a god by whose dealings one lives, the father and mother of all men, alone by himself, without an equal”
Theocracy - where the ruler is viewed also as a God and thus Divine
Considered the Golden Age of Egypt, the Middle Kingdom was a time of great stability and technical achievements
The New Kingdom saw Egypt become the most powerful Empire in the Middle East
Pushed back into their old borders not long after the Rule of Ramesses and would later be conquered by the Nubians (Kush).
As Egypt grew in size a bureaucracy was created to manage the vast areas of the country.
The Country was divided into provinces called nomes– 22 in Upper Egypt and 20 in Lower Egypt.
A governor, called a nomarch, was responsible to running each nome and served at the will of the Pharaoh
Government Officials, Priests, Commanders, Large Landowners
Merchants and Artisans
Unskilled Laborers and Small Farmers
Re – God of the Sun and giver of life
Egyptians had no word for religion because it was an inseparable element of the world they lived in.
Osiris – Symbol of rebirth and the judge of the dead
Isis – Goddess of wisdom and the ideal mother
The Obelisk – large stone pillars that typically have a square cross section and a pyramid top.
Pyramids – were built as part of a larger complex of buildings dedicated to the dead. They were tombs that were to take the Pharaohs to the afterlife