WEEKEND JOURNAL #11 • Left Column (must be completely filled): What did you do this weekend? • Right Column (make comments concerning…) When, where and how God was (was not) involved in your weekend? Because?
An Invitation to be BaptizedTalk to Sr. Imme or Mr. ChapmanNOW…for more information To any who are unchurched and unbaptized, yet who have heard God’s Word and believe.
OBADIAH: The BIG Picture • Author? • Obadiah (“Servant of the LORD”) • Audience? • The Edomites, the Jews in Judah, and God’s people everywhere • Others? • (Depends on the passage) • When written? • Probably during the reign of Jehoram in Judah (853-841 BC), or possibly during Jeremiah’s ministry (627-586 BC)
MY BEST RESPONSE What method or technique do you use to help people see the error of their ways?
Invasions of Jerusalem There were four main OT invasions of Jerusalem: • (1) By Shishak, king of Egypt, during Rehoboam’s reign, in 926 b.c. (1Kings14:25-26 ) • (2) By the Philistines and Arabians during the reign of Jehoram, from 848-841 (2Chr. 21:16-17 ) • (3) By King Jehoash of Israel during the reign of Amaziah, in 790 (2Kings14:13-14 ) • (4) by Babylon during the years 605-586 (2Kings24-25 )
Invasions of Jerusalem Obadiah describes Edom stabbing its brother Jacob in the back during one of them. How do we know which one Obadiah refers to? • (1) Compare Obadiah 11, 12 with Joel 3:3-6. The language is very similar. • (2) Jeremiah seems to use Obadiah 1-9 as the basis for the entire passage, Jeremiah 49:7-22 • (3) Obadiah predicts that Edom’s confederates (partners in crime) will turn on him. Edom suffered its worst decline (matching most closely, Obadiah’s prophecy against it) in the 6th century BC
The BIG Picture • When it happens? • Starts after the division of Israel into the northern and southern kingdoms and before Nebuchadnezzar conquered Judah in 586 BC and ends in the future, on “the day of the Lord” • Where it takes place? • Mainly in Edom • The Writer’s Purpose? • To show that God judges those who have harmed His people
Outline of Obadiah • Edom’s Destruction (1-16) • Israel’s Restoration (17-21) To target a passage for study, tie together the key words in the headings––the words that are different in each heading
Rule of Context Everything in a Bible book is connected What comes before and after a passage works together to form the setting or context that shapes its meaning Disconnect a passage from what comes before and after it, and: • You will take it out of context • You can make it say whatever you want
Target the Passage • Edom’s Destruction (1-16) • Leads into Israel’s Restoration (17-21) • Obadiah opens the door for Israel’s Restora-tion in verses 17-21 by first predicting Edom’s Destruction in verses 1-16 • Israel’s Restoration (17-21) • Obadiah climaxes the book with Israel’s Res-toration in verses 17-21 after he braces us for it with Edom’s Destruction in verses 1-16
A Snapshot of 1-16 • Who wrote or speaks in it? • (YHWH, through..) Obadiah • Who does he talk to? • Edomites, Jews in Judah, God’s people everywhere • Who or what is he talking about? • Obadiah announces that disaster is coming to Edom (1-9), gives reasons for Edom’s destruction (10-14), and warns about the “day of the Lord” (15, 16) • Anything special said about them? • Edom was indifferent to and defiant of God, proud and cowardly, treacherous toward brother Judeans and so stood condemned, headed for destruction
A Snapshot of 1-16 • Where it takes place? • In Edom • When it happens? • After the division of Israel into the northern and southern kingdoms and before Nebuchadnezzar conquered Judah in 586 BC––and willclimax on the end-time day of the Lord • What is its purpose? • To show that despite impregnable cliffs and mountains, Edom will not escape God’s judgment
A Snapshot of 17-21 • Who wrote or speaks in it? • (YHWH, through..) Obadiah • Who does he talk to? • The Edomites, the Jews in Judah, and God’s people everywhere • Who or what is he talking about? • Obadiah describes the vindication of Israel when judgment falls on all who have harmed God’s people, including Edom, on the “day of the Lord”
A Snapshot of 17-21 • Anything special said about them? • Today, God’s holy nation is His church––all who have trusted Christ for their salvation and have given their lives to Him. These men and women are God’s born again, adopted children––under His love and protection • Where it takes place? • In Edom; global theater • When it happens? • On the end-time “day of the Lord” • What is its purpose? • To show how a Heavenly Father responds to all who would attack those whom He loves