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State of the Program: NASA Ocean Biology & Biogeochemistry. Paula Bontempi NASA Headquarters Ocean Color Research Team Meeting 23-25 April 2012. Announcements.

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State of the Program: NASA Ocean Biology & Biogeochemistry

Paula Bontempi

NASA Headquarters

Ocean Color Research Team Meeting

23-25 April 2012


  • Folder on desktop “2012 NASA OCRT” – Speakers – please put a copy of your talks there so we can post the talks on-line. Please remember to remove any material you do not want posted.

  • WebEx broadcast – WebEx Tab on OCRT web site has video and audio info

  • NASA Earth Science Division Director position is open until 8 May 2012 – can be found at


    • Hours still 0630-1500.



  • NASA Headquarters Update (Q&A)

  • NASA Ocean Biology Processing Group Updates (missions, field program support office) and Discussion

  • Flight Project Updates – Suomi NPP, PACE, ACE, GEO-CAPE, PRISM

  • Research Project Updates


  • IOCCG special session: towards an international ocean color science team meeting

  • Student/Post-Doc Research Projects


  • Research Project Updates

  • Wrap Up

  • 5:30-6:30 Poster Session – Monday & Tuesday

  • On web site poster spreadsheet that is numbered, Odds on Monday, Evens on Tuesday

  • Cash bar available

Earth science budget history
Earth Science Budget - History

FY10 request

Prev Admin

Earth science budget fy13 request
Earth Science Budget – FY13 Request

FY10 request

Prev Admin

Earth science budget overview
Earth Science Budget Overview

  • The FY13 budget for Earth Science is consistent with the FY12 request – STABILITY!

    • Congressional appropriation for FY12 was also consistent with the President’s budget request

    • FY13 overall ESD funding level is ~$25M above FY12 appropriated level

    • Overall NASA agency FY13 level represents 0.3% decrease from FY12; SMD overall budget decreased by ~3.3% from FY12

  • The March 2011 Glory launch failure has resulted in delays for OCO-2 and SMAP launches, and significantly higher budgeted cost levels for mid-range launch vehicles

    • Solicitation for multiple launch services for OCO-2, SMAP (and JPSS-1) has been released – with higher evaluation emphasis on vehicle reliability

    • SMAP launch date: 23 Oct 2014

    • OCO-2 launch date: NET July 2014 (SMAP launch date has priority)

    • FY13-vs-FY12 decreases in R&A (1.5%), Applied Science (5%), and Technology (3.3%) lines; however, all non-flight lines increase throughout 2013-2017

  • All 3 strands of Venture Class are fully funded throughout, with all AOs released

Earth science program budget strategy
Earth Science Program/Budget Strategy

  • Maintain a balanced program that:

    • advances Earth System Science

    • delivers societal benefit through Applications Development

    • provides essential global spaceborne measurements supporting science and operations

    • develops and demonstrates technologies for next-generation measurements, and

    • complements and is coordinated with activities of other agencies and international partners

  • Support Research, Applied Sciences, Technology Development, and E/PO programs

  • Continue to fund operations and routine data products for all on-orbit NASA research missions

  • Develop and launch remaining foundational missions: LDCM, GPM, OCO-2

  • Continue formulation and development of top-priority Decadal Survey and Continuitymissions: SMAP (11/2014), ICESat-2 (1/2016), SAGE-III/ISS (2014) and GRACE-FO (2017).

  • Continue execution of thefull Venture Class program

  • Continue working with NOAA and OSTP to address approaches for providing sustained, long-term spaceborne measurements.

  • Provide significant support to National Climate Assessment, USGCRP, and international (CEOS) coordination activities

Earth science mission overview
Earth Science Mission Overview

  • Major FY11-12 to-date MISSION Achievements

    • First EV-1 science campaign, release of EV-2 and EV-I AOs

    • Launch and commissioning of Aquarius/SAC-D

    • Launch and ongoing commissioning of Suomi NPP – Talks later today on data quality and data access

  • Flight Missions with launches in this decade supported by the FY13 budget:

    • EV-2 and EV-I selections (CY12); EV-1 science campaigns; next AO releases on time

    • LDCM launch (25 January 2013)

    • GPM launch (Feb 2014)

    • SMAP, OCO-2 launches (late CY 2014)

    • SAGE-III available for launch to ISS (late FY 2014)

    • ICESat-2 launch (early CY 2016)

    • GRACE-FO launch (2017)

    • PACE, SWOT launch (2020)

    • Earth Radar Mission, OCO-3 (launch dates uncertain)

    • Decadal and Continuity Mission Studies

Pre aerosol cloud ocean ecosystem pace mission
Pre-Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem (PACE) mission

  • 2010 - New Report - Responding to the Challenge of Climate and Environmental Change: NASA's Plan for a Climate-Centric Architecture for Earth Observations and Applications from Space


  • The PACE mission will make global ocean color measurements to provide extended data records on ocean ecology and global biogeochemistry (e.g., carbon cycle) along with polarimetry measurements to provide extended data records on clouds and aerosols. Understanding of impacts and feedbacks of the Earth system to climate are of critical importance.

  • The PACE mission will extend key global climate data records based on SeaWiFS, MODIS heritage for ocean color, and begun by PARASOL, MODIS, and MISR for aerosols and clouds.

    • The 2007 IPCC identified the largest uncertainty in our understanding of physical climate as that due to aerosols and clouds.

    • New and continuing global observations of ocean ecology, biology, and chemistry are required to quantify aquatic carbon storage and ecosystem function in response to human activities and natural events. A key goal is improvement of climate-carbon and climate-ecology model prediction. The blend of atmospheric and oceanic requirements is critical as ocean biology is affected by deposition of aerosols onto the ocean, which in turn, produce aerosol precursors that influence climate.


Earth’s Living Ocean: Future Ocean Biology and Chemistry From Space – Advance Plan of 2007

Revisit in 2012

1. How are ocean ecosystems and the biodiversity they support influenced by climate and environmental variability and change, and how will these changes occur over time?

2. How do carbon and other elements transition between ocean pools and pass through the Earth System, and how do biogeochemical fluxes impact the ocean and Earth's climate over time?

3. How (and why) is the diversity and geographical distribution of coastal marine habitats changing, and what are the implications for the well-being of human society?

4. How do hazards and pollutants impact the hydrography and biology of the coastal zone? How do they affect us, and can we mitigate their effects?

Biogeochemical Oceanographic Properties: Organic and inorganic particle abundance and size; Plant species-specific bio- and chemical markers (e.g., calcite); Carbon species; Export carbon; Photosynthesis; Coastal processes; Land-ocean carbon transport; Air-sea interaction

Biological Oceanographic Properties: Photosynthesis; Phytoplankton (plant) biomass; Plant physiology/growth rates; Harmful algal blooms; Plant functional groups (nitrogen fixers, carbon exporters, calcium carbonate, microbial loop); Ecosystems and habitat health; Climate-biology interactions

Time to revisit? Interested parties? under “Misc”

Venture class update status

Venture-Class is a Tier-I Decadal Survey recommendation

Science-driven, PI-led, competitively selected, cost- and schedule-constrained, regularly solicited, orbital and suborbital

Venture-class investigations complement the systematic missions identified in the Decadal Survey, and provide flexibility to accommodate scientific advances and new implementation approaches

Venture-Class is fully funded, with 3 “strands”

EV-1: suborbital/airborne investigations (5 years duration)

Solicited in FY09 (selections in FY10) and every 4 years

5 investigations selected; flights began in FY11

EV-2: small complete missions (5 years duration)

Solicited in FY11 (selections in FY12) and every 4 years

Small-sat or stand-alone payload for MoO; $150M total development cost

AO released 17 June, NOI received 22 July, proposals due 29 Sept 2011

EV-Instrument: Spaceborne instruments for flight on MoO (5 years dev.)

Solicited in FY11 (selections in FY12) and annually thereafter

Final AO release in 2nd half of FY11 – out for comment via NSPIRES now

~$90M development costs, accommodation costs budgeted separately

Common Instrument Interface specs being developed

NASA OB&B Research – Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences

  • ROSES 2011 - Amended February 2012

    • Carbon Monitoring System

      • continuing development towards a Carbon Monitoring System (CMS). Under its CMS initiative as directed by Congress in 2010, NASA initiated pre-Phase A and pilot studies and a scoping effort for a carbon monitoring system

      • ( - $8M/yr, 20-50 new awards - up to 18 months

      • As of 4.20 at 1200, 12 proposals received, and 52 pending.

  • ROSES 2012 - Released 14 February 2012

    • Ocean Biology and Biogeochemistry - A.3 - up to 3.0M/yr [30 May 2012] – 75 NOIs

      • Impacts On and Vulnerability Of Biological Oceanography - New analyses of impacts to and vulnerability of aquatic ecosystems/biological oceanography (e.g., taxa, physiology, phytoplankton physiological properties & plant functional types, etc., not carbon cycle science), to global environmental or climate variability and change. (up to 3 yrs)

      • New and/or Multisensor Data Analyses and Approaches of Ocean Biology and Biogeochemistry Objectives - Science investigations to advance the development and utilization of new and/or multisensor remote sensing approaches to estimate important ocean biology and biogeochemistry (ecosystem and carbon cycle) properties. Studies using data to evaluate approaches relevant to future satellite missions are of special interest. (up to 3 yrs)

NASA OB&B Research – Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences

  • ROSES 2012 - Released 14 February 2012

    • Ocean Biology and Biogeochemistry - A.3 - up to 3.0M/yr [30 May 2012] – 75 NOIs

      • Ocean Biological and Biogeochemical Impacts of the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill - Studies to analyze coastal and open ocean ecosystem impacts of the 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil spill utilizing NASA airborne and in situ optical data collected in support of the national response. (2 yrs)

      • Field campaigns - Scoping studies to identify the scientific questions and develop the initial study design and implementation concept for a new NASA Ocean Biology and Biogeochemistry field campaign or related team project (scale on par with ICESCAPE, SO GasEx, ARC-TAS, SEA4CRS, etc.). (12-18 months)

      • • Successor studies - Successor studies that offer to significantly advance the results of prior NASA Ocean Biology and Biogeochemistry research toward meaningful answers to important NASA and USGCRP carbon cycle and ecosystems and NOC research questions (up to 3 yrs)

    • Remote Sensing of Water Quality – A.32 – (Terrestrial Hydrology and OBB programs) – up to $1M/yr[22 August 2012]

      • Techniques to improve remote sensing of water quality – atm corrections and shallow water

      • Improving detection of the link between optical and biogeochemical properties

NASA OB&B Research – Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences

  • ROSES 2012 - Released 14 February 2012

    • Rapid Response and Novel Research in Earth Science – A.26 – (Diane Wickland, POC) [rolling deadline]

      • 2.1 Targets of Opportunity: Rapid Response to Earth System Events and Opportunities to Collaborate (Rapid Response) - Research proposals having great urgency for action 1) involving quick-response research on natural or anthropogenic extreme events, disasters, and/or similar unanticipated or unpredictable events, and 2) requiring a quick funding decision to take advantage of an opportunity for research collaboration that is only available for a short time.

      • 2.2 First-Time Development of Innovative, Novel Ideas in Earth Remote Sensing (Novel Earth Science) - proposals to conduct highly novel scientific research that cannot be considered as relevant under any other NASA solicitations. Research that is new and different: initial exploration of a novel idea or a first demonstration of new scientific use of remote sensing data or technology

    • Topical Workshops, Symposia, Conferences – E.2 – (Max Bernstein, POC) – [rolling deadline]

      • Proposals for topical workshops, symposia, conferences, other scientific/technical meetings that advance the goals and objectives of only the following SMD Divisions: Earth Science, Heliophysics, and Planetary Science.

      • one-year maximum duration

NASA OB&B Research – Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences

  • ROSES 2013

    • Interdisciplinary Science – ideas under discussion

    • Carbon Cycle Science – A U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Plan (released 2012) – can go to and find the plan pdf released in 2011 (Michalak et al.) Plan questions:

    • Question 1. How do natural processes and human actions affect the carbon cycle on land, in the atmosphere, and in the oceans?

    • Question 2. How do policy and management decisions affect the levels of the primary carbon-containing gases, carbon dioxide and methane, in the atmosphere?

    • Question 3. How are ecosystems, species, and natural resources impacted by increasing greenhouse gas concentrations, the associated changes in climate, and by carbon management decisions?

    • PACE Science Team

OB&B Program Budget Earth Sciences

  • NASA Shared Services Center (NSSC) also known as the “NASA Grants Office” is responsible for all grants management, they know/they do:

    • Where your funds are

    • What your start date is

    • Processing progress reports (after Technical Officer/Program Manager approval)

    • If you Google “NSSC”, generally the first or second hit – 1.877.NSSC123, have interactive web site where you can look up the award status

    • All grants, contracts, awards paperwork to institutions contain the name of a person in the HQ grants office (interagency transfers and contracts) and NSSC (grants) who processed your paperwork. This is a contact person!

  • Uncosted carryover – Carryover of funds from one fiscal year to next – two year money

    • Obligation and Costing problem for NASA linked to invoicing from institutions –

    • Rescission to NASA in FY2011 plus uncosted – $1.5M cut

    • FY12 so far 250K, recently brought to the attention of the program managers what awards have uncosted carryover from FY10 (413K) – if it is not spent ASAP, it could mean reduction to FY12 or in FY13 (Jack Kaye Email of 4.20.12)

    • Email sent to all PIs of FY10 carryover awards regarding this issue in April by program manager

    • Please check with your ORSP or equivalent, and please check with the NSSC to ensure your invoices have been received

    • Right now FY11 has $1.85M in carryover – please try to cost by 9.30.12

International relations esa isro etc
International Relations (ESA, ISRO, etc.) Earth Sciences

  • Support Committee on Earth Observing Satellites (CEOS) - Co-lead/POC for Ocean Color Radiometry Virtual Constellation + Formulation of INSITU-OCR (International Network for Sensor InTercomparison and Uncertainty assessment for Ocean Colour Radiometry)

    • INSITU-OCR – NASA Program Office (?) through Field Program Support Office – Talk by Sean Bailey

    • Aeronet-OC

  • Lead for IOCCG Level-1 requirements working group – draft report - publication in 2012 (end) or early 2013

    • Support Working Group on Essential Climate Variables

    • Support Working Group on Level-1 Requirements for Ocean Color

  • NASA-ESA Data Sharing Agreement (update by Bryan Franz)

    • Agreement on data access and user authentication by Sept. 2011

    • Receive bulk data shipment of MERIS Full resolution data by Sept. 2011

    • Receive bulk data shipment of MERIS Reduced Resolution data by Nov. 2011

    • Complete shipment of entire MODIS Aqua data archive by Sept. 2011

  • NASA-NOAA-ISRO Progress on OceanSat-2 OCM data validation/refinement

    • Second ISRO OceanSat-2 lunar calibration maneuver completed 14 September 2011

    • Data exchanges being negotiated

    • ISRO planning regular biannual lunar calibration maneuver

  • Satellite data from calibrated sensors

    INSITU-OCR components (under discussion) Earth Sciences

    Satellite Data from Calibrated Sensors

    • Calibration Strategy

    • Pre-launch

      • Lab. characterization & calibration (SI-traceable)

      • Solar calibration (transfer-to-orbit)

    • Postlaunch (operational adjstmnts)

      • Solar calibration (daily)

      • Lunar calibration (monthly)

      • Multiple sites Lwn time series for vicarious calib. (ISRO, MOBY-C)

    • Mission Feedback

    • Science community input

    • Comparison with other appropriate products

    • New Mission

    • Protocol development


    • Improved Products & Algorithms

    • Reprocessing due to improvements in calibration, masks, binning schemes, product compatibilities, etc.

    • New products from bio-geochemical, atmospheric fields, etc

    • Data distribution interface



    SIMBIOS type follow-on office (NASA?) with agency representatives (under investigation)

    • In Situ Data

    • Collection of required bio-optical and atmospheric measurements (INSITU-OCR PIs)

    • in situ instrument calibration (Project round robin SI-traceable, IOPs, AOPs)

    • Data collection following NASA Ocean Optics protocols

    • Archive of calibrated QC in situ data (SeaBASS)

    • Calibrated instrument pool

    • Development of new instrumentation

    • Satellite data

    • processing

    • software


    • Product & Algorithm Validation

    • Atmospheric & bio-optical algorithm validation & development (INSITU-OCR PIs & project staff)

    • Match-up analysis via Aeronet OC sites, satellite QC, time series eval., Bio-Argo, ChloroGIN etc.

    • Earth System/Climate Model data assimilation

    NASA’s Ocean Biology and Biogeochemistry Research Earth Sciences





    Field Program Support Office: IOPs, AOPs, Protocols, Instrumentation, RRs

    Climate Initiative

    /DS Missions/EV/Airborne

    International Partnerships:

    Unrestricted data availability/use;

    Sharing of in situ Cal/Val data;

    Ship time; Models – INSITU-OCR

    Time Series,

    Vicarious Cal,

    Data Product Val, Field Campaigns


    Aeronet - OC)


    Processes from

    Space & MAP





    Carbon Cycle, Ecosystems Research

    Aquarius Mission-long Salinity Composite (NASA/CONAE) Earth Sciences

    • Science team working on validating the data with target of having the first validated products released no later than Dec 2012

    • Currently, all provisional data from Level-0 through Level-3 available online -

    • Aquarius Science Goals

    • Investigate the links between the global water cycle, ocean circulation and climate

    • Make global, space-based measurements of Sea Surface Salinity (SSS)

    • Provide 0.2 psu (practical salinity unit) accuracy at monthly, 150 km resolution

    • Observe and model seasonal and year-to-year variations of SSS, and how these relate to changes in the water cycle and ocean circulation

    • Aquarius has begun to yield an unprecedented view of ocean’s role in climate and weather

    Hplc update
    HPLC Update Earth Sciences

    • Crystal Thomas this PM

    • Remember to identify in your proposals and proposal budgets the details and costs concerning any HPLC requests

    • Any lab can propose to process their own HPLC samples, we just ask you to follow protocols and participate in round robins or QA/QC with other labs

    • Priority is for funded NASA OB&B PIs (3000 samples/year)

    • Reminder of a request of 10% duplication at a minimum

    • Giulietta Fargion is the quota/shipping/data manager ([email protected])

    • Data collection – include a plan for data management and remember all data need to be submitted to SeaBASS (J. Werdell and C. Proctor talks this morning)

    Programmatic last thoughts
    Programmatic Last Thoughts Earth Sciences

    • Costing and Obligation – timely obligation and costing of funded projects (we lose funds due to uncosted carryover every year!)

    • Reporting our accomplishments both within and outside the agency. Help!

      • Copies of publications, ideally with an accompanying ppt slide(s) and narrative explaining the result(s) and scientific/societal significance

    • Thank you to all who participate in science requirement development on missions (Decadal Survey and Climate Initiative)

    • IOCST - Next OCRT Meeting – 2013 with international community

    • PACE AO

    • Future field campaigns and solicitations

    • IPA – help is needed in OB&B program

      • Advertisements in 2011 and 2012 in EOS and elsewhere

      • Interested parties, please come talk with me or give me a call