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Roman Art: Early Empire. Portrait of Augustus as general, early first century BCE. Fig. 3-1. Roman Art: Early Empire. Example : Emperor and pontifex maximus Pax Romana Idealized imperial portrait molds public opinion Orator pose Cupid for divine lineage.

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roman art early empire
Roman Art: Early Empire

Portrait of Augustus as general, early first century BCE. Fig. 3-1.

roman art early empire1
Roman Art: Early Empire

Example:

Emperor and pontifex maximus

Pax Romana

Idealized imperial portrait molds public opinion

Orator pose

Cupid for divine lineage

Portrait of Augustus as general, early first century BCE. Fig. 3-1.

roman art early empire2
Roman Art: Early Empire

Aerial view of the Colosseum, ca. 70-80CE. Fig. 3-28.

roman art early empire3
Roman Art: Early Empire

Example:

Built to gain public approval

Concrete barrel-vaulted skeleton

Arches flanked by engaged columns and lintel

Tuscan Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian

Detail of the façade of the Colosseum, 70-80CE. Fig. 3-29.

roman art high empire
Roman Art: High Empire

Apollodorus of Damascus, Forum of Trajan, 112CE. Fig. 3-34.

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Roman Art: High Empire

Example:

  • Trajan enlarges empire
  • Forum with temple, basilica, equestrian portrait, market nearby
  • Column with Trajan’s victories in spiral narrative
  • Nude sculpture of emperor
  • Monument to Roman military prowess

Apollodorus of Damascus, Forum of Trajan, 112CE. Fig. 3-34.

Column of Trajan, 112CE. Fig. 3-35.

roman art high empire2
Roman Art: High Empire

Restored cutaway view of the Pantheon, 118-125CE. Fig. 3-38.

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Roman Art: High Empire

Example:

  • Concrete
  • Cylindrical drum, hemispherical
  • Coffering, oculus
  • Architecture of space, not mass
  • Colonnaded courtyard
  • Porch with Corinthian columns and pediment

Pantheon, 118-125CE. Fig. 3-38.

Interior view. Fig. 3-35.

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Roman Art: High Empire

Equestrian status of Marcus Aurelius, ca. 175CE. Fig. 3-40.

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Roman Art: High Empire

Example:

  • Equestrian portrait
  • Superhuman scale
  • Gesture of greeting and clemency
  • Introspective verism
  • Gilded bronze

Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius, ca. 175CE. Fig. 3-40.

roman art late empire
Roman Art: Late Empire

Basilica Nova (Basilica of Constantine), ca. 306-312CE. Fig. 3-49.

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Roman Art: Late Empire

Example:

  • Empire in decline in late imperial era
  • Basilica with colossal portrait of emperor
  • Concrete groin vaults
  • Marble facing inside and brick outside
  • Fenestration for light

Basilica Nova (Basilica of Constantine), ca. 306-312CE. Fig. 3-49.

Portrait of Constantine, ca. 315-330CE. Fig. 3-48.

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Roman Art: Late Empire

Arch of Constantine, 312-315CE. Fig. 3-50.