Short Answer Question E. Group Leaders: Jerreka Evans and Chris Jones. Question E. Describe the changes in the world order that occurred with the end of the Cold War. Why was there great hope for this era and why was fulfillment of that hope problematic?.
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Group Leaders: Jerreka Evans and Chris Jones
Describe the changes in the world order that occurred with the end of the Cold War. Why was there great hope for this era and why was fulfillment of that hope problematic?
The Soviet Union collapsed
US became the only superpower
The Bipolar World Ended
There were several humanitarian crises
There were several changes that affected the world order at the end of the cold war. The US was spending at levels the USSR was finding it difficult to match, the Soviets were having their own internal problems with Afghanistan. The Soviet economy and those of its eastern and central European satellites were in serious trouble. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the US became the only super power. The new world came into effect as a result of the End of the Bipolar world. Another change that affected this era was the coming down of the Berlin wall. There was great hope for this era because there weren’t two superpowers trying to defeat one another. With two superpowers the world would’ve been in great danger because of the opposing forces toward each other. The fear of another World War cease because of the fact that there was only one superpower. The fulfillment of this great hope was problematic because the superpower felt as if they were untouchable. Although they were well respected, US caused problems because they felt they could do and get away with anything.
the Enlightment ideas led to capitalism.
originated in modern Europe, in which parties make their goods and services available on a free market.
is all about the advancement and production of money and doesn’t want government intervention.
led to socialism societies and different approaches
focused on economics and believed in a free enterprise system
he believed that supply &demand determines what happens in the market place
but did not believe in government intervention
took a different approach and urged the government to take a very active role in society.
Wanted them to stimulate the economy by increasing money supply, thereby lowering interests rates & encouraging investments.
Believed the main cause of the Great Depression was not because of excessive supply but inadequate demand.
was a resolution the tangled financial system and weakened agricultural.
President Roosevelt implemented this to build the economy
the federal government would now intervene to protect society & economic welfare for the people .
this would create jobs, increase military funding, & coordinate public works projects
Kane Howell and Sarah Mordica
Ever since the origins of Islam, the Sunnis and Shiites have had many differences and have dominated different regions. The Shia make up 15% of all Muslims and the Sunni make up 85% of all Muslims. The Shia believe that Islam's leader should be a descendant of Mohammad but the Sunni believe their leaders should be chosen through consensus, which is an agreement made among the people. Another difference between the Shia and Sunni Moslems is that the Shia believe that qualified religious leaders have the authority to interpret the Islamic law but the Sunni believe that the Islamic law was codified and closed in the 10th century and they are very conservative and strict.
The Ottoman Empire, which is present day Turkey and has a population of 80% Sunni Moslems, was dominated by the Sunni Moslems. It is also present day Iraq which has a population of 60-65% Shia and 32-37% Sunni but the Sunni dominated the government and economy because of Saddam Hussein. The Ottoman Empire was started and ruled by the Sunni, which began with Osman Bey, then Mehmed II ruled and conquered the Byzantine Empire, and Suleyman the Magnificent reigned and continued the expansion of the Ottoman Empire.
The Safavid Empire, which is present day Iran and has a population of 89% Shia Moslems, was dominated by the Shia. The Safavid Empire was founded by Shah Ismail, who took control of Iran. As a result of these differences between the Sunni and Shia, many conflicts have broken out, including the Iran-Iraq war and the invasion of the Safavid Empire by the Ottomans.
Conflict between democratic and communist nations following WWII.
Major powers US and Russia
Never directly fought but had many other indirect conflicts
Conflicts include: Korean War, Cuban Missile Crisis, Vietnam War
Struggle between communist North Korea and Democratic South Korea
North Korea attacked South Korea
UN authorized military assistance to South Korea
War ended with armistice and each remained under original control
Following embarrassing defeat of US invasion at Bay of pigs Cuba asked Russia for support
Russia put missiles in Cuba aimed to US
President Kennedy called for a naval quarantine and demanded removal of the missiles
Soviets agreed to remove missiles
This was a major cold war victory for the US
Struggle between communist North Vietnam and democratic South Vietnam
US feared if Vietnam fell to communism all other Southeast Asian nations would fall (Domino Theory)
Failed attempts in Vietnam hurt American morale
The Cold War was a period of tensions between communist and democratic nations following WWII. Although the Cold war was not a full scale war there were many smaller conflicts such as the Korean War, Cuban Missile Crisis, and Vietnam War that contributed to the overall competition. The Korean War was a struggle between communist North Korea and Democratic South Korea in which the US assisted South Korea in their efforts to fight off Communist rule. The war ended with and armistice allowing both areas to remain under their original control . The Cuban Missile Crisis arose after an unsuccessful invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs by the US. Although the Russian initially aided Cuba by supplying missiles aimed at the US, they withdrew the missiles after a naval quarantine issued by the US. The Vietnam War also involved a conflict between northern communist and southern democrats. The US supported South Vietnam for fear of the domino effect of communism in southeast Asia. However, US efforts were unsuccessful and wounded American morale toward military intervention. All of these conflicts arose in an effort to make either communism or democracy the major political influence in the world. The US was successful in containing communism without causing another world war. With the collapse of the Soviet empire the US emerged as the only large power in the world and more cooperative relations developed among nations.
Imperialism is the policy of extending the rule of a nation over foreign countries. It was implemented through trade, investment, and business activities that enabled imperial powers to profit from subdued societies. Motives for imperialism were economic, political, and cultural. Advancements in transportation such as steamships, communications, and warfare technology aided countries exert their influence on other countries. Combined with their own spurring motivations, imperialism was spread quickly throughout the world. The European colonization of Africa, Japan’s domination of China, and the U.S.’s control over its natural borders are all examples of imperialism. Through this trend, the increasing interconnectedness of the world and globalization were made possible.