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A New Technique for Precise, Predictable SBK Surgery Using the B&L Zyoptix XP Microkeratome. David R. Shapiro, MD Shapiro Laser Eye Center Ventura, California No financial interest. Purpose.

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a new technique for precise predictable sbk surgery using the b l zyoptix xp microkeratome

A New Technique for Precise, Predictable SBK Surgery Using the B&L Zyoptix XP Microkeratome

David R. Shapiro, MD

Shapiro Laser Eye Center

Ventura, California

No financial interest

purpose
Purpose
  • Discuss the rationale, technique, and personal results on Sub-Bowman’s keratomileusis (SBK) performed with a 90- to 110-µm flap created with the Bausch & Lomb Zyoptix XP microkeratome
rationale for sbk
Rationale for SBK
  • Advantages of LASIK with traditional LASIK flap
    • Quick recovery without the pain, slow recovery and possible haze associated with PRK
  • Advantages of surface ablation procedures
    • Avoid biomechanical weakening of the cornea and possible dry eye following standard LASIK flaps
    • Reduces possibility of ectasia compared with LASIK
  • SBK may combine the best advantages of LASIK and surface ablation
sbk flap
SBK Flap
  • SBK flap defined by 3 characteristics (as described by Slade and Durrie) 1
    • Thickness 90 to 110-µm
    • Planar
    • Customized diameter
      • Minimized to coincide with the edge of the laser ablation

1Slade SG, Durrie DS. Six-month visual results of a contralateral prospective study: Surface ablation versus sub Bowman’s keratomileusis flaps. Presented at ASCRS Annual Meeting; San Diego; April 2007.

ideal flap thickness
Ideal Flap: Thickness
  • SBK with a flap of approximately 100-µm may combine the best features of PRK and LASIK1,2
    • Biomechanical stability
    • Quick recovery
    • Lack of haze

1Marshall J, Angunawela R, Tengroth J, et al. Wound healing and biomechanics of corneal flap creation. Keynote address. XXIV Congress of the ESCRS, London; 2006.

2Marshall J. Sub-Bowman’s keratomileusis (SBK) vs. PRK. Presented at 11th ESCRS Winter Refractive Meeting; Athens, 2007.

ideal flap planar
Ideal Flap: Planar

Flap made with Zyoptix XP microkeratome Flap made with the Intralase FS30

Both flaps exhibit planar flap architecture (uniform thickness center through the periphery)

Images taken with Visante anterior segment, high resolution, non-contact optical coherence tomography (Carl Zeiss, Medictec, Inc.) Images courtesy of Barbara Lege, M.D. Munich, Germany.

ideal flap diameter
Ideal Flap: Diameter
  • Customized flap diameter, the third characteristic of SBK (as defined by Slade and Durrie), may not be significant
    • Flap approximately 100 µm thick has no significant biomechanical weakening effect due to the strength of the underlying corneal tissue1,2
    • Due to crossing angle differences, peripheral collagen is stronger than central collagen, theoretically further diminishing any trivial effect of increasing flap diameter1,2

1Marshall J, Angunawela R, Tengroth J,et al. Wound healing and biomechanics of corneal flap creation. Keynote address. XXIV Congress of the ESCRS, London; 2006.

2Marshall J. Sub-Bowman’s keratomileusis (SBK) vs. PRK. Presented at 11th ESCRS Winter Refractive Meeting; Athens, 2007.

sub bowman s keratomileusis with the zyoptix xp microkeratome study methods
Sub-Bowman’s Keratomileusis with the Zyoptix XP MicrokeratomeStudy Methods
  • First eye of patient: 9.5 mm diameter,19 -mm suction ring, 120-µm microkeratome head
  • Second eye of patient: 9.5 mm diameter, 20 -mm suction ring, 120-µm microkeratome head
  • Surgical technique in all eyes: Neutral to the z-axis (results in suction inherent to that from the machine)
  • Subtraction pachymetry for flap measurements
zyoptix sbk flap results
Zyoptix SBK Flap Results
  • Zyoptix XP microkeratome with this new technique safely and reproducibly produced an SBK flap
  • Buttonholes or free caps were not seen
  • The XP flap can be tailored for each individual eye in diameter, hinge position, and centration on the cornea
  • The Zyoptix XP shows less variation in flap thickness than the Hansatome and is less affected by measurable preoperative variables, such as spherical equivalent
slide11
Limitations of Study
  • Small Cohort
  • Use of subtraction pachymetry

Future Study

  • Large cohort
  • Flap measurement with Optical Coherence Tomography
slide12

Conclusion

  • Our study suggests that the surgeon can enjoy performing SBK effectively and safely without the need to procure an entirely different set of flap making equipment