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The Legislative Branch. Legislative Branch Review. Function: Make the Laws Congressional Joint Powers Levy and collect taxes Raise and maintain military Grant statehood Control national lands Regulate interstate trade Naturalize citizens Declare war Control making of currency.

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legislative branch review
Legislative Branch Review
  • Function:Make the Laws
  • Congressional Joint Powers
    • Levy and collect taxes
    • Raise and maintain military
    • Grant statehood
    • Control national lands
    • Regulate interstate trade
    • Naturalize citizens
    • Declare war
    • Control making of currency
legislative branch review3
Legislative Branch Review

3. Members

  • Senate

1. Qualifications

a. 30 Years Old

b. American citizen for 9 years

c. Resident of state elected

2. Method of Selection – Election by the people

3. Term of office – 6 years

4. Members per state – 2

5. Powers reserved for Senate only

a. Confirm Presidential appointments

b. Approve/reject treaties

c. Jury for impeachment trial

legislative branch review4
Legislative Branch Review

B. House of Representatives

  • Qualifications
    • 25 years old
    • U.S. Citizen for 7 years
    • Resident of state elected
  • Method of Selection – Election by the people
  • Term of Office – 2 years
  • Members per State – Based on population – 435 total
  • Powers reserved for the House only
    • Originates money bills (taxes)
    • Begins impeachment process
    • Elects President if Electoral College fails to do so
voting options
Voting Options
  • Trustees- each decision is made on its merits. Judge independently.
  • Delegates- vote the way “the folks back home” would want.
  • Partisans- vote with your party
  • Politicos- balance of the above
the u s congress in brief
The U.S. Congress in Brief
  • Bicameral
  • Senate
    • 100 members
    • Six years
    • More prestigious
  • House
    • 435
    • 2 years
    • Reapportioned after each census
congressional duties
Congressional Duties
  • 1. legislatures
  • 2. Committee members
  • 3. Representatives of their constituents
  • 4. politicians
officers of the legislative branch
Officers of the Legislative Branch
  • Speaker of the House
    • Currently: Denis Hastert of Illinois
    • Presiding officer of the House
    • Job: acknowledges speakers, signs bills, appoints committees, calls a vote.
officers of the legislative branch9
Officers of the Legislative Branch
  • President of the Senate-
    • V.P.
    • Less power
    • Presiding officer but may not speak or debate
  • President pro tempore
    • Resides in V.P.’s absence
    • Elected by the Senate
    • Majority Party
    • Currently: Ted Stevens
officers of the legislative branch10
Officers of the Legislative Branch
  • Floor leaders:
    • majority and minority in the House and Senate
    • Legislative strategists
  • Committee Chairmen
    • Heads of standing committees
    • Chosen by majority
    • Usually by seniority rule
committees in congress
Committees in Congress
  • Standing committee: permanent groups which all similar bills could be sent. (Ex. Budget committee)
  • Select committee- a special group set up for a specific purpose for a limited time. (ex. Senate Watergate Committee)
  • Joint Committees- members from both houses.
committees in congress12
Committees in Congress
  • Informal groupings- Black caucus, democratic study group, House Republican study group, pro-Life caucus, etc.
  • Conference Committee- temporary joint body to iron out different versions of a measure
how does a bill become a law
How does a Bill become a law?
  • Bills- proposed laws, or drafts of laws presented to the House or Senate for enactment.
  • Two types:
    • Public- measure applying to the nation as a whole- (tax bills)
    • Private-only apply to certain persons or places rather than to the nation generally.
how does a bill become a law14
How does a Bill become a law?
  • Only members may introduce bills to the house.
  • The clerk of the house numbers each bill and gives it a short title
  • The bill is referred to a standing committee, where most bills die.
  • Discharge petition: enables members to force a bill that has been in committee 30 days.
how does a bill become a law15
How does a Bill become a law?
  • Subcommittees: divisions of existing committees, holds public hearings or may take a junket, or trip to an area affected by a measure.
  • Committee’s choices
    • “do pass”
    • Pigeonhole: refuse to report
    • Support with unfavorable recommendation.
    • Report a committee bill
how does a bill become a law16
How does a Bill become a law?
  • The House Debates the bill
  • The House votes on the bill
    • Amendments can be added during this time.
    • Voting is now electronic
  • Same process in the Senate
  • If versions are the same it goes to the president.
  • If versions are different it goes to a conference committee.
slide17
Filibuster: an attempt to “talk a bill to death.” in the senate.
  • Record: Senator Strom Thurmond: held the floor for 24 hours in an attempt to kill the Civil Rights Act of 1957.