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HW # 70 - p. 306 & 307 # 6-18 even AND 24 - 30 Warm up Simplify X 9 b ) 12a 5 c) X 4 Y 8

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## HW # 70 - p. 306 & 307 # 6-18 even AND 24 - 30 Warm up Simplify X 9 b ) 12a 5 c) X 4 Y 8

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HW # 70 - p. 306 & 307 # 6-18 even AND 24-30

Warm up

Simplify

X9 b) 12a5 c) X4 Y8 d)5m2 n4

X7 3a2 X6 Y6 m2n

e) Distribute 3x (x-2x+4)

f) Factor (reverse distribute) 12x2 + 16x + 8

You need to audit on WEDNESDAY of this week.

X2b)4a3 c)y2/ x2 d) 5n3

e) Distribute 3x (x-2x+4)= 3x2-6x2+4 = -3x2+4

f) Factor (reverse distribute) 12x2 + 16x + 8

4 (3x2 + 4x + 2)

# 11-28 even AND # 5-12 all, & 15

12) 65% increase

14) 9% decrease

16) 18% increase

18)210

20)$4.47

22) 40

24) About 8,361 ft

26) $204.11

28) No, the amount of change is the same but the original numbers are different.

5) $603.50

6) $ 38.14

7) 3.1%

8) $35,000

9)$15.23

10)$3.87

11)$38.07

12)$1261.20

15)The salary option that pays $2,100 plus 4% of sales.

- Notes 6-7: Applying Simple and Compound Interest
- CW: Practice 6-7 (worksheet)

Simple interest is money paid only on the principal.

Rate of interest is the percent charged or earned.

Time that the money is borrowed or invested (in years).

Principal is the amount of money borrowed or invested.

When you deposit money into a bank, the bank pays you interest.

When you borrow money from a bank, you pay interest to the bank.

I= Prt

Example 1: Finding Interest and Total Payment on a Loan

To buy a car, Jessica borrowed $15,000 for 3 years at an annual simple interest rate of 9%. How much interest will she pay if she pays the entire loan off at the end of the third year? What is the total amount that she will repay?

First, find the interest she will pay.

I = PrtUse the formula.

I = 15,000 0.09 3 Substitute. Use 0.09 for 9%.

- I = 4050Solve for I.

Jessica will pay $4050 in interest.

You can find the total amount A to be repaid on a loan by adding the principal P to the interest I.

P+ I = Aprincipal + interest = total amount

15,000 + 4050 = ASubstitute.

- 19,050 = ASolve for A.

Jessica will repay a total of $19,050 on her loan.

Example 2: Determining the Amount of Investment Time

Nancy invested $6000 in a bond at a yearly rate of 3%. She earned $450 in interest. How long was the money invested?

I = P r t Use the formula.

450 = 6000 0.03 tSubstitute values into the equation.

450 = 180t

- 2.5 = tSolve for t.

The money was invested for 2.5 years, or 2 years and 6 months.

Example 3: Finding the Rate of Interest

Mr. Johnson borrowed $8000 for 4 years to make home improvements. If he repaid a total of $10,320, at what interest rate did he borrow the money?

P + I = AUse the formula.

8000 + I = 10,320 Substitute.

I = 10,320 – 8000 = 2320 Subtract 8000 from both sides.

He paid $2320 in interest. Use the amount of interest to find the interest rate.

4

2320

= rDivide both sides by 32,000.

32,000

Mr. Johnson borrowed the money at an annual rate of 7.25%, or 7 %.

Example 3 Continued

I = Pr tUse the formula.

2320 = 8000 r4 Substitute.

2320 = 32,000 rSimplify.

0.0725 = r

n

nt

A= P(1 + )

Compound interest is interest paid not only on the principal, but also on the interest that has already been earned. The formula for compound interest is below.

A is the final dollar value, P is the principal, r is the rate of interest, t is the number of years, and n is the number of compounding periods per year.

The table shows some common compounding periods and how many times per year interest is paid for them.

r n

A = P(1 + )

2(12)

0.045 2

= 1800(1 + )

Example 4: Applying Compound Interest

David invested $1800 in a savings account that pays 4.5% interest compounded semi-annually. Find the value of the investment in 12 years.

Use the compound interest formula.

Substitute.

= 1800(1 + 0.0225)24Simplify.

= 1800(1.0225)24Add inside the parentheses.

≈ 1800(1.70576) Find (1.0225)24 and round.

≈ 3,070.38Multiply and round to the nearest cent.

After 12 years, the investment will be worth about $3,070.38.

r n

A = P(1 + )

4(10)

0.025 4

= 3700(1 + )

Example 5

Kia invested $3700 in a savings account that pays 2.5% interest compounded quarterly. Find the value of the investment in 10 years.

Use the compound interest formula.

Substitute.

= 3700(1 + 0.00625)40Simplify.

= 3700(1.00625)40Add inside the parentheses.

≈ 3700(1.28303) Find (1.00625)40 and round.

≈ 4,747.20Multiply and round to the nearest cent.

After 10 years, the investment will be worth about $4,747.20.

To buy a laptop computer, Elaine borrowed $2,000 for 3 years at an annual simple interest rate of 5%. How much interest will she pay if she pays the entire loan off at the end of the third year? What is the total amount that she will repay?

First, find the interest she will pay.

I = PrtUse the formula.

I = 2,000 0.05 3 Substitute. Use 0.05 for 5%.

- I = 300Solve for I.

Elaine will pay $300 in interest.

You can find the total amount A to be repaid on a loan by adding the principal P to the interest I.

P+ I = Aprincipal + interest = total amount

2000 + 300 = ASubstitute.

- 2300 = ASolve for A.

Elaine will repay a total of $2300 on her loan.

TJ invested $4000 in a bond at a yearly rate of 2%. He earned $200 in interest. How long was the money invested?

I = PrtUse the formula.

200 = 4000 0.02 t Substitute values into the equation.

200 = 80t

- 2.5 = tSolve for t.

The money was invested for 2.5 years, or 2 years and 6 months.

Additional Example 3: Computing Total Savings

John’s parents deposited $1000 into a savings account as a college fund when he was born. How much will John have in this account after 18 years at a yearly simple interest rate of 3.25%?

I = Pr tUse the formula.

I = 1000 0.0325 18 Substitute. Use 0.0325 for 3.25%.

- I = 585Solve for I.

The interest is $585. Now you can find the total.

Additional Example 3 Continued

P + I = AUse the formula.

1000 + 585 = A Substitute.

- 1585 = ASolve for A.

John will have $1585 in the account after 18 years.

Bertha deposited $1000 into a retirement account when she was 18. How much will Bertha have in this account after 50 years at a yearly simple interest rate of 7.5%?

I = PrtUse the formula.

I = 1000 0.075 50 Substitute. Use 0.075 for 7.5%.

- I = 3750 Solve for I.

The interest is $3750. Now you can find the total.

Check It Out! Example 3 Continued

P + I = AUse the formula.

1000 + 3750 = A Substitute.

- 4750 = ASolve for A.

Bertha will have $4750 in the account after 50 years.

Mr. Mogi borrowed $9000 for 10 years to make home improvements. If he repaid a total of $20,000 at what interest rate did he borrow the money?

P + I = AUse the formula.

9000 + I = 20,000 Substitute.

I = 20,000 – 9000 = 11,000 Subtract 9000 from both sides.

He paid $11,000 in interest. Use the amount of interest to find the interest rate.

= rDivide both sides by 90,000.

90,000

0.12 = r

Check It Out! Example 4 Continued

I = PrtUse the formula.

11,000 = 9000 r10 Substitute.

11,000 = 90,000 rSimplify.

Mr. Mogi borrowed the money at an annual rate of about 12.2%.

1. A bank is offering 2.5% simple interest on a savings account. If you deposit $5000, how much interest will you earn in one year?

2. Joshua borrowed $1000 from his friend and paid him back $1050 in six months. What simple annual interest did Joshua pay his friend?

$125

10%

3. The Hemmings borrowed $3000 for home improvements. They repaid the loan and $600 in simple interest four years later. What simple annual interest rate did they pay?

4. Theresa invested $800 in a savings account that pays 4% interest compounded quarterly. Find the value of the investment after 6 years.

5%

$1015.79

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