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CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM & FORESTRY OPPORTUNITIES FOR CAMBODIAN FORESTERS AND CONSERVATIONISTS by T hanakvaro T. PowerPoint Presentation
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CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM & FORESTRY OPPORTUNITIES FOR CAMBODIAN FORESTERS AND CONSERVATIONISTS by T hanakvaro T. De Lopez. CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT for the CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM for CAMBODIA (CD4CDM-CAM) National Workshop on Capacity Development for the Clean Development Mechanism

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CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM&FORESTRYOPPORTUNITIES FOR CAMBODIAN FORESTERS AND CONSERVATIONISTSby Thanakvaro T. De Lopez

CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT for theCLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM for CAMBODIA (CD4CDM-CAM)

National Workshop on Capacity Development for the Clean Development Mechanism

26-27 March 2003

Phnom Penh, Cambodia

outline
OUTLINE
  • Part I – Climate Change and Forestry
  • Part II – International Examples of Carbon Sequestration Projects in the Forestry Sector
  • Part III – Opportunities for CDM Projects in the Cambodian Forestry Sector
forests and climate change
Forests and Climate Change
  • Some 25% of annual global emissions of CO2 result from deforestation
  • Carbon Sequestration: The growth of vegetation and forests removes CO2 from the atmosphere.
forests and co 2 flows
Forests and CO2 Flows

Photosynthesis

CO2 Removal

Atmospheric CO2

CO2 Release

Respiration

Decomposition

Combustion

Carbon Stock

forests and climate change mitigation
Forests and Climate Change Mitigation
  • Forests are carbon sinks and reservoirs
  • Conservation of existing forests
  • Increase of forest cover
  • Increase of carbon stored in forests
forestry activities eligible for cdm
Forestry Activities Eligible for CDM
  • General eligibility rule: conversion of non-forest land to forest land
  • Definition of “Forest”: minimum land area of 0.05-1.0 ha; crown cover of at least 10-30%; trees with potential to reach minimum height of 2-5 meters.
forestry activities eligible for cdm8
Forestry Activities Eligible for CDM
  • Real measurable emission reductions certified by independent agency
  • Conformity with national sustainable development strategy
  • Contribution to biodiversity conservation and sustainable use of natural resources
forestry activities eligible for cdm9
Forestry Activities Eligible for CDM
  • Afforestation: conversion into forest of non-forest land
  • Reforestation: planting of trees on degraded forest land or former forest land
forestry activities eligible for cdm10
Forestry Activities Eligible for CDM
  • Afforestation: limited to land that has not been a forest for at least 50 years
  • Reforestation: limited to land that has not been a forest since 31 December 1989
infapro malaysia
Infapro, Malaysia
  • Location: 25,000 ha logged dipterocarp forest in Eastern Sabah
  • Parties: (1)Face Foundation (Forests Absorbing Carbon dioxide Emissions); (2) Innoprise Corporation,Malaysian governmental forestry organisation
infapro malaysia13
Infapro, Malaysia
  • Activities: rainforest rehabilitation with enrichment planting using 35 indigenous tree species
infapro malaysia14
Infapro, Malaysia
  • Investment: US $15 million
  • Duration : plantation over 25 years with 60 year growth cycle (started in 1992)
  • Sequestration: 15.6 million tons of CO2
  • Average cost: US$ 0.95 per ton of CO2
plan vivo mexico
Plan Vivo, Mexico
  • Location: Chiapas, Southern Mexico
  • Parties: (1)FIA, Formula One Foundation; (2) Ambio, cooperative of Foresters; (3) local community groups and small farmers associations
plan vivo objectives
Plan Vivo Objectives
  • To sequester carbon with sustainable forestry
  • To Generate benefits for local livelihoods
plan vivo activities plantations agroforestry communal reforestation
Plan Vivo Activities: plantations, agroforestry, communal reforestation

Carbon Sequestered tC/ha

plan vivo mexico18
Plan Vivo, Mexico
  • Investment: US $15 million
  • Sequestration: 5000 to 13000 tons of CO2 per year
  • Average price: US$ 3.6 per ton of CO2
opportunities in cambodian forestry
OPPORTUNITIES IN CAMBODIAN FORESTRY
  • On-going tree planting programmes: forest plantation, National Arbor Day and Community Forestry
  • Potential land for carbon sequestration: disturbed forest areas (estimated at some 1.5 million ha by MoE) and non-forest areas
illustrative example
ILLUSTRATIVE EXAMPLE
  • Location: Heavily deforestedsouth-central provinces (e.g. Kompong Cham, Kandal)
  • Activities: community forestry and agroforestry;10,000 ha reforested
  • Sequestration: 1 million tons CO2 over 10 years
  • Revenues from CDM: US $3 million at US $3 per ton CO2
what needs to be done to take advantage of cdm opportunities
What needs to be done to take advantage of CDM opportunities
  • Capacity building / human resources development
  • Research in Cambodian forest ecosystems
  • Set up procedures and guidelines for CDM forestry projects
  • Actively develop CDM projects
  • Actively seek out CDM partners
conclusions24
CONCLUSIONS
  • CDM may provide financing for afforestation & reforestation activities in Camdodia
  • Large potential for CDM implementation in the Cambodian forestry sector
  • Stakeholders (government, NGOs, private companies) ought to actively pursue efforts to take advantage of CDM opportunities