issues related to the development of accessible web sites n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Issues related to the development of accessible web sites PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Issues related to the development of accessible web sites

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 34

Issues related to the development of accessible web sites - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 141 Views
  • Uploaded on

Issues related to the development of accessible web sites. Steven Builta October 2002. Part 1: Section 508 and Related Legislation. Staggering Stats. Americans with disabilities spend twice as much time on the Internet. 500 million disabled worldwide 54 million disabled in US

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Issues related to the development of accessible web sites' - mandell


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
part 1 section 508 and related legislation
Part 1:

Section 508 and Related Legislation

staggering stats
Staggering Stats

Americans with disabilities spend twice as much time on the Internet.

  • 500 million disabled worldwide
  • 54 million disabled in US
  • Aging population
  • Temporary disabilities not included
rehabilitation act
Rehabilitation Act
  • Defined rights of the persons with disabilities to help them re-enter the workforce
  • Non-discrimination on basis of disability in programs or activities receiving Federal money
1998 amendments
1998 Amendments
  • Workforce Investment Act (1998) included amendments to the Rehabilitation Act
  • Section 501 requires reasonable accommodations for employees with disabilities
  • Section 504 prohibits discrimination of persons with disabilities by Federal agencies in any federally funded or federally conducted programs or activities
section 508 what s covered
Section 508: What’s Covered
  • All Electronic &Information Technology (E&IT) developed, procured, maintained, or used by Federal agencies must be accessible
  • Alternative means of access when accessibility cannot be achieved
  • Authorizes lawsuits after June 21, 2001
section 508 what s not
Section 508: What’s Not
  • Does NOT require:
    • Agencies to provide AT to the general public
    • All workstations to be fitted with AT
    • Retrofitting of E&IT (e.g., Web pages)
other documents of interest
Other Documents of Interest
  • World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-WEBCONTENT)
  • Illinois Web Accessibility Guidelines http://www100.state.il.us/tech/technology/accessibility/
part 2 why you need to care about accessibility
Part 2:

Why You Need to Care About Accessibility

barriers to access
Barriers to Access
  • Visual
  • Auditory
  • Mobility
visual disabilities
Visual Disabilities
  • Blindness
  • Weak vision
  • Tunnel vision
  • Dimness
  • Extreme near- or far-sighted
  • Color blindness
hearing disabilities
Hearing Disabilities
  • Deaf
  • Hard of hearing
  • High/low frequency hearing loss
mobility disabilities
Mobility Disabilities
  • Repetitive Stress Injuries (RSI)
  • Arthritis
  • Stroke
  • Spinal Cord Injuries
  • ALS
  • Loss of limbs or digits
benefits of accessible design
Benefits of Accessible Design

Accessible design benefits everyone!

  • Older technology
  • Slow connection speeds
  • Newer wireless technology
  • Personal preference
part 3 techniques for developing accessible web pages
Part 3:

Techniques for Developing Accessible Web Pages

color
Color
  • Don’t rely on color alone to convey meaning
images and animations
Images and animations
  • Use the ALT (alternate text) attribute for all graphics
multimedia
Multimedia
  • For audio - provide transcript
  • For video - provide transcript and closed captioning
hypertext links
Hypertext links
  • Make sure that links make sense out of context (avoid “click here”)
page organization
Page organization
  • Use headings (H1 - H6) - be consistent
  • Use lists where possible
scripts applets plug ins
Scripts, applets & plug-ins
  • If you use them, they must be accessible or provided in alternate way
  • If you use a plug-in:
    • Choose one that is accessible
    • Provide adequate instructions for downloading and installing it
adobe pdf files
Adobe PDF Files
  • PDF files were inaccessible
  • PDF becoming accessible?
    • http://access.adobe.com
  • Users can obtain a converted PDF file via e-mail or a utility
  • Convert PDF to HTML or text
equivalent pages
Equivalent Pages

Guideline (k): A text-only page, with equivalent information or functionality, shall be provided to make a Web site comply with the provisions of this part, when compliance cannot be accomplished in any other way. The content of the text-only page shall be updated whenever the primary page changes.

part 4 testing validation and budgeting
Part 4

Testing, Validation, and Budgeting

accessibility features of popular browsers
Accessibility Features of Popular Browsers
  • Netscape Navigator
  • Microsoft Internet Explorer (IE)
  • Opera
  • Amaya
test for browser and version differences
Test for Browser and Version Differences
  • May interpret standard HTML elements differently
  • Accessibility features
  • Style sheet support
  • Deprecated elements
browsers designed for persons with disabilities
Browsers Designed for Persons with Disabilities
  • Complete keyboard control
  • Speech synthesis
  • Screen magnification
quick test your site format
Quick Test Your Site: Format
  • Turn all the images off
  • Turn off style sheets
  • Use the largest custom font size
  • Resize the browser window
  • Select all text and copy it into a word processor
quick test your site navigation
Quick Test Your Site: Navigation
  • Navigate using only the keyboard
  • Press Tab to move through the links
  • Does the link text tell you where the link will take you?
quick test your site media
Quick Test Your Site: Media
  • Turn off sounds
  • Disable all applets and scripts
quick test your site color scheme
Quick Test Your Site: Color Scheme
  • View the page on a monitor set to black & white resolution
  • Print the page on a black & white printer
  • Set a color monitor to high contrast
a more thorough test
A More Thorough Test
  • View your site in a text-only format
    • Lynx Viewer( http://www.delorie.com/web/lynxview.html )
  • Turn off “Play Animations”
  • Use a combination of various AT to view the site
let someone else test it
Let Someone Else Test It!
  • Bobby ( http://www.cast.org/bobby/ )
  • HTML checkers ( http://validator.w3.org )
credits
Credits
  • This slide show was adapted in large part from http://www.section508.gov