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Arab-Israeli Conflict. Can there be peace in the Middle East? . Where is Israel?. Where is Palestine? . Arab-Israeli History. Zionism-1890s.

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Arab israeli conflict

Arab-Israeli Conflict

Can there be peace in the Middle East?

Zionism 1890s

Its general definition means the national movement for the return of the Jewish people to their homeland and the resumption of Jewish sovereignty in the Land of Israel.

Balfour declaration 1917
Balfour Declaration-1917

Great Britain Promises to create a Jewish homeland in Palestine: a British Colony.

Holocaust world war 2 1934 1945
Holocaust/World War 2 – 1934-1945

6 of 9 million European Jews are murdered by Hitler’s Nazi Germany

Un partition plan 1947
UN Partition Plan - 1947

British Leaving Palestine to UN Control.

UN creates plan for Jewish and Arab States amidst terrorism from both sides.

Palestinians reject partition.

1948 war

  • Israel, with backing from U.S. and European countries wins the war.

Arabs reject UN partition plan and go to war with Israel.

Egypt, Syria, Transjordan, Iraq, and Lebanon attack Jewish State

Israel conquered 78% of Palestine

Created nearly 1 million Palestinian refugees

Over 400 towns and villages were destroyed

Every city, river, and hill received a new Hebrew name

Denied the existence of Palestine

1956 israel invades sinai suez crisis
1956 – Israel invades Sinai/Suez Crisis

  • Egypt Nationalizes Suez Canal

  • Israel, backed by English and French forces take back the canal.

  • Agreement is reached, Israel gains Gaza strip.

1964 plo created
1964-PLO Created

  • Political/Terrorist party with stated goal of creating an independent Palestinian state.

  • Yassir Arafat Leader (seen as terrorist and hero, may have been poisoned)

1967 six day war
1967: Six Day War

Israel conquered more land by launching a highly successful attack

Occupied additional 22% of Palestine – The West Bank and the Gaza Strip

Recognizing the two sides
Recognizing the Two Sides

The Palestinian Side:

  • Fear of Dispossession / 20th Century Jewish Immigration

  • Refugees of 1948

  • The 57-year Occupation

  • Spiritual connection to the Holy Land

Recognizing the two sides1
Recognizing the Two Sides

The Jewish Side:

  • History of Jewish Persecution

  • Holocaust

  • Israel as Jewish ‘Safe Haven’

  • Spiritual connection to the Holy Land

The composition of the holy land
The Composition of the Holy Land

Source: 2003 CIA World Fact Book - Palestine data consists of the West Bank and Gaza Strip.

1973 yom kippur war
1973 – Yom Kippur War

  • Egypt and Syria attack Israel on Yom Kippur

  • Egypt and Syria initially successful.

  • Israel wins, keeps no new territory

1978 79 camp david accords and peace treaty
1978-79-Camp David Accords and Peace Treaty

  • Egypt Becomes first Arab nation to recognize Israel.

  • Israel gives back the Sinai peninsula

  • Anwar Sadat(Egypt) and Menachem Begin(Israel)

  • Anwar Sadat assassinated by his own soldiers.

Northern security zone 1982
Northern Security Zone - 1982

Palestine attacks Israeli citizens in the north, create this safety zone to protect from attacks from Lebanon

First intifada
First Intifada

  • Palestinian uprising against Israeli forces

  • 1987 – 1993

  • Rocks vs. Tanks

Assassination of yitzhak rabin
Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin

  • 1995 - Rabin assassinated by Jewish fundamentalist: Yigal Amir

2 nd intifada
2nd Intifada

  • The Second Intifada, also known as the Al-Aqsa Intifadawas the second Palestinian uprising against the Israeli occupation – a period of intensified Palestinian–Israeli violence.

  • It started in September 2000, when Ariel Sharon made a provoking visit to the Temple Mount and Palestinian demonstrations were cracked down by the Israeli army with brutal force, using lethal ammunition.

2 nd intifada 2000 2005
2nd Intifada 2000 - 2005

Gaza 2005
Gaza - 2005

  • Israel starts to leave the Gaza strip; costs $2.5 billion

Arabs palestinians

  • Nomadic Peoples living in British Mandate of Palestine prior to the establishment of the state of Israel.

  • Ethnically Arab: can be Muslim, Christian, or Jewish

  • Mostly Muslim


  • Citizens of the State of Israel: May be Christian, Jewish, or Muslim

  • May be European or Arab

Holy land
Holy Land

  • Area around Jerusalem/Ancient land of Canaan

  • Sacred to Muslims, Christians, and Jews.

The composition of the holy land1
The Composition of the Holy Land

Source: 2003 CIA World Fact Book - Palestine data consists of the West Bank and Gaza Strip.


  • Any area that an ethnicity or nationality lays claim to.

  • Both Jews and Arabs claim Israel/Palestine as their natural homeland.

West bank
West Bank

  • Portion of Palestine occupied during the Six-Day War - Today

The israeli barrier on the ground
The Israeli Barrier on the Ground

Archbishop Pietro Sambi, of Jerusalem said the wall, “cuts in half monasteries, convents, churches and cemeteries.” The pictures above are of the wall in Bethlehem

Gaza strip
Gaza Strip

  • Portion of Palestine Taken over by Israel during Six-Day war in 1967 and occupied with periods of self-rule until today.

  • War fought between Israel and Gaza last November.


  • Palestinian lands occupied by Israelafter the Six-Day war.

  • West Bank, Gaza Strip, and Golan Heights are occupied territories.


  • A division of lands between peoples.

  • To the left is UN Partition Plan for Israel and Palestine


  • Any person forced from homeland because of natural, economic, or war issues.

  • Refugees plan to return home

  • 700,000 Palestinian refugees after 1948 war


  • Tollbooth-like structures where Palestinians are detained while traveling through the occupied territories.

  • Checkpoints make travel hard on Palestinians.

Checkpoints in the west bank
Checkpoints in the West Bank

  • Sometimes it takes Palestinians 4 hours to make a journey an Israeli citizen can make in 30 minutes.


  • Israeli Communities in the Occupied territories.

  • One of the most controversial aspects of Arab-Israeli conflict

  • U.S. doesn’t want Israel building more settlement in the occupied territories

  • Israel is continuing to build new settlements.

  • Confiscating more Palestinian land in the Process


  • Palestinian uprising against Israeli rule.

  • 1st Intifada 1987 – 1993

  • Organized by PLO

  • Ended by Oslo Accords

  • Palestinian Rocks

  • Israeli Uzis/Tanks

Arab israeli conflict continued
Arab-Israeli Conflict Continued

  • 9/11 – Many see the attack on the World Trade Center as retaliation for U.S. support of Israel.

  • Arab Spring

  • Iranian Embargo

  • Terrorism

  • Continued unrest in Lebanon

  • Strain on U.S. – Israeli Relations

  • Israel forced to play as part of Europe in World Cup qualifying.

What should happen
What should happen?