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Ancient Greece. Territory included: Mountainous peninsula Divided Greeks – never unified 1,400 islands W. coast Asia Minor/Anatolia “Did not live on land, but AROUND seas” Seas = Liquid highways Trade very important b/c little resources No timber, precious metals, usable farmland

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geography greece

Territory included:

    • Mountainous peninsula
      • Divided Greeks – never unified
    • 1,400 islands
    • W. coast Asia Minor/Anatolia
  • “Did not live on land, but AROUND seas”
    • Seas = Liquid highways
  • Trade very important b/c little resources
    • No timber, precious metals, usable farmland
    • Ate simple diet grapes, grains, olives
  • Moderate climate
    • Winter = 48 degrees F
    • Summer = 80 degrees F
    • Most people spent time outside
Geography Greece
i zeus overthrown by my son
I Zeus, overthrown by my son…

Marriage of Thetis and Peleus

the 10 th year
The 10th year…

Plague

Briseis

Death of Patroclus

Death of Hector

Death of Achilles

Death of Paris

the real end of the story

Helen gets back w/ Menelaus, but they’re stranded in Egypt for 7 years

Agamemnon makes it back to Mycenae, but is killed by his wife Clytemnestra with an axe

Odysseus wandered the sea for 10 years before returning home to Ithaca

The “real” end of the story…
the 9 layers of ancient troy
The 9 layers of Ancient troy

Homer’s Troy(VII)

summary of minoans and mycenaean s
Minoans

Mycenae

  • Island of Crete
  • Sir Arthur Evans
  • King Minos
  • Peaceful culture?
  • Palace culture, vivid frescos, bull cult, fishing and trade
  • Linear A
  • Minotaur
  • Greek Mainland
  • Schliemann
  • King Agamemnon
  • Warlike culture
  • Palace culture, walls and defenses, beehive and shaft graves
  • Linear B
  • Troy
Summary of Minoans and Mycenaean’s
the polis

Greek City State or Citizen State

  • “the people” or “the community”
The Polis
the polis continued1

Fundamental idea:

    • All male citizens equal political rights based on ownership of property
  • Non-citizen = Women, children, slaves and resident aliens (aka outsiders)
The Polis continued…
homer and hesiod
The Iliad and The Odyssey

Theogony and Works and Days

Homer and Hesiod
basic characteristics
Basic characteristics
  • Polytheistic
  • Hierarchal
  • Moral guideline
    • Anything in excess improper
  • Explained world
    • Myths
14 olympian gods and goddesses
14 Olympian gods and goddesses
  • Aphrodite- Love & Beauty
  • Apollo- Sun & Music
  • Ares- War
  • Artemis- Hunt
  • Athena- Wisdom & Arts
  • Demeter- Harvest
  • Dionysus- Wine
  • Hades- Underworld
  • Hephaestus- Metallurgy
  • Hera- Family
  • Hermes- Trade
  • Hestia- Hearth
  • Poseidon- Sea
  • Zeus- Sky
characteristics of gods
Characteristics of Gods
  • Immortal, but not all powerful
  • Act like humans, have human vices too
  • Meddle and mingle w/ humans
the underworld
The Underworld
  • “Place of Hades”
  • Early thought = Gloomy Place
  • Later thought = Place of Judgment
    • Rewarded or cursed
      • Fields of Asphodel
      • Tartarus
    • Punishment fit crime
worship of the gods
Worship of the Gods
  • Build temples
  • National shrines
    • Oracle of Delphi
  • Sacrifice
  • Festivals
    • Olympics