GET IT DONE! • Explain in your own words how there was a shift from EXPLORERS to CONQUISTADORS?
Spain Builds an Empire • Was Columbus a hero or a villain? • Should there be a holiday? • Those are your opinions, here is what you need to know! • Sailed west in 1492 in search of a trade route to Asia. • NINA, PINTA & SANTA MARIA reached the Bahamas in the Caribbean • Not los indios, but the Taino (The people who accepted Columbus with open arms & were “connected” to the Spanish)
Columbus Finds New Land • Claims land San Salvador or “Holy Savior” • No Gold? “It was my wish to bypass no island without taking possession” • Spain finances three more voyages! • 1493-1495 • 1498 • 1502-1503 • What are there intentions with Americas now? • Trade routes into colonization
Civilization Chart! • In groups of 4 make a chart: • Mayan • Aztec • Incan (2 people read)
Panama • Vasco Nunez de Balboa crosses the Isthmus of Panama in 1513 • Becomes first person to reach the Pacific Ocean.
Read “Cortes Conquers the Aztecs" • Why may it be difficult for Cortes to conquer the Aztecs? • How do the Aztecs greet Cortes? Similar to the Taino? • How are the reports back to Spain from Cortes similar to Columbus? • Why were the Aztecs considered savages? • How does Cortes defeat the Aztecs?
Mexico • 1519: Hernando Cortes lands in Mexico. • Cortes reaches Tenochtitlan, Aztec capital. • Aztec Emperor Montezuma II greets them with gifts (gold). • Spanish finally conquer Aztecs in 1521 • 3 major reasons • Superior weapons • Malinche? • Disease
Read “Malinche” • Who is Malinche? • How does she impact the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs?
Peru • 1532 Francisco Pizarro arrives in South America • Pizarro crushes the Incans, kidnaps Atahualpa • Spanish execute Atahualpa even though he provides ransom • Pizarro conquers Incan capital Cuzco in 1533
Read “Atahualpa” • Who is Atahualpa? • Why did his execution cause problems in Spain?
Mixing of Cultures • Peninsulares: • Spanish settlers to the Americas (mostly men) • Mestizo: • Mixed Spanish & Native American population • Encomienda: Read “Encomienda” • Natives paid tribute in the form of labor
Spain pushes North • 1513: • Juan Ponce de Leon claims modern-day Florida • 1540-1541: • Francisco Vasquez de Coronado voyaged through modern-day Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas. • Not much gold, Monarchy sends priests to spread Catholic religion
Portugal Voyages to East? • In 1500, Pedro Alvares Cabral claims modern day Brazil for Portugal. • In 1501, Amerigo Vespucci, Italian exploring for Portugal, claims land a “new” world • 1507 continent is named “America” in honor of Vespucci. • 1530 began settling Brazil and set up prosperous sugar plantations
Impact of Women • Read the text about two women who greatly impacted the Spanish Empire and supported the convergence of continents. • Who are they? • How did they impact the empire? • How did they support the merging of continents? • How are these two women similar to Malinche?