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Safety, Security and Response a View of the IAEA Today. André-Claude Lacoste President of the French Nuclear Safety Authority (ASN) Chair of the Commission on Safety Standards (CSS). Safety, Security and Response a View of the IAEA Today.

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safety security and response a view of the iaea today

Safety, Security and Response a View of the IAEA Today

André-Claude Lacoste

President of the French Nuclear Safety Authority (ASN)

Chair of the Commission on Safety Standards (CSS)

A.-C. Lacoste – Conference Transport

safety security and response a view of the iaea today2
Safety, Security and Response a View of the IAEA Today

Historical view of IAEA activities in transport safety and security

Where we are today

5 major challenges for the future

Contents

A.-C. Lacoste – Conference Transport

historical view of iaea activities in transport safety and security

Historical view of IAEA activities in transport safety and security

A.-C. Lacoste – Conference Transport

the early years
Intermodal problems 1940’s 1950’s

Need for intermodally and internationally harmonized regulations

ECOSOC Committee of Experts first met in August 1954

July 1959, ECOSOC requested IAEA drafting of recommendations on the transport of radioactive material

The Early Years

A.-C. Lacoste – Conference Transport

early basis
Early basis

Comprehensive substance classification system

grouping on the basis of the hazards presented by the goods during transport

intended use of a dangerous substance or article is seldom important

inherent properties which must be suitably addressed in order to ensure safety during transport

A.-C. Lacoste – Conference Transport

where we are today

Where we are today

A.-C. Lacoste – Conference Transport

transport safety
Transport Safety

Fundamentals

Requirements

TS-R-1 (soon to be SSR 6)

Guides (linked to requirements)

Application and explanation

Emergency

Radiation protection

Management systems

Compliance assurance

Guidance to shipment requirements

A.-C. Lacoste – Conference Transport

transport safety regulations
Transport Safety Regulations

Written in the form of regulations

Adopted by UN modal bodies and implemented, backed by convention, in Member States

For many States there are no option to change requirements once established by the IAEA and integrated in modal regulation

Reviewed every two years (to match UN cycle)

A.-C. Lacoste – Conference Transport

transport security
Transport security

More State focus

Role of the State to assess the threat

Harder to write in a regulation format

Role of conventions (CPPNM)

A.-C. Lacoste – Conference Transport

5 major challenges for the future

5 major challenges for the future

A.-C. Lacoste – Conference Transport

1 enhance synergies between safety and security
1. Enhance synergies between safety and security

Different thresholds : Radiation safety regulation criteria (TS-R-1), (code of conduct for the safety and security of sources), (IAEA nuclear security series n°9)

Consistency of requirements has to be ensured by IAEA to avoid difficulties at the user level

Same end use in transport (UN text) but different approval process (ex: Board of Governors involvement)

In which extent could the robust process to issue IAEA safety requirements be extended to security requirements ?

Synergies between transport safety and security:

Threat assessments could lead to review the package design requirements to enhance its robustness in case of malevolent acts

A.-C. Lacoste – Conference Transport

2 review interfaces between ts r 1 and the orange book unob
2. Review interfaces between TS-R-1 and the Orange Book (UNOB)

UNOB is the basis document for all modal regulations

TS-R-1 requirements are integrated in modal dangerous good regulations. TS-R-1 is used by most regulators and designers but becomes legally binding generally through modal regulations

TS-R-1 has to remain consistent with UNOB (definitions used and requirements)

Review processes of TS-R-1 have to interface more systematically with review process of UNOB (TRANSSC could report more systematically to ECOSOC sub-committee to avoid inconsistencies)

A.-C. Lacoste – Conference Transport

3 enhance public information
3. Enhance public information

Need for more transparency in nuclear safety

Public information : national regulators are asked by the public and by the media to communicate proactively, particularly in a post-Fukushima context.

Ex : next transport of vitrified waste between France and Germany

Public involvement in nuclear safety issues has to be increased

IAEA has to promote good practices in this field and to provide regulators with public information material

This is of prime importance in transport area, linked to the increase of “denials of shipment”

Transparency versus confidentiality for security reasons

A.-C. Lacoste – Conference Transport

4 fukushima accident implications
4. Fukushima accident implications

First focus on nuclear installation safety (stress tests, etc.) but lessons learnt will cover other safety areas

In the field of transport safety

Assessment of package behaviour in case of beyond design accident :

Could IAEA coordinate research works on package safety margins ?

International or regional cooperation (States and operators) to improve response to a transport accident : What would be the role of the IAEA in case of such an accident ?

What are the lessons to be learnt from a transport regulator point of view ?

Interface between TS-R-1 and GS-R-2 ? (response)

A.-C. Lacoste – Conference Transport

5 transport peer reviews
5. Transport peer reviews

No equivalent of OSART mission in transport

Could a peer-review mission be developed for transport carriers, shipper or for package designers?

Transport is incorporated as a module in IRRS missions

How can we reduce variations?

Difficulties in case of disharmony between States in the certificate delivering process for the same package

Transport regulators have generally the same legal requirements, derived from TS-R-1

But safety review practices to implement these requirements remain often different

Need for international harmonization of transport safety practices and interpretation of TS-R-1 requirements

 The IRRS module on transport safety could be expanded to review more in depth the transport safety practices of regulators

A.-C. Lacoste – Conference Transport

conclusions
Conclusions

The 50 years of IAEA work in the field of transport safety and security provided a robust and well recognized system of requirements and guides

Strategy for the next 50 years has to be defined by the IAEA and its Member States

This conference is an opportunity to address future challenges for the IAEA in transport safety and security

A.-C. Lacoste – Conference Transport