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World Economic Overview

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  1. World EconomicOverview

  2. Contents Presentation Part one : Countries weight Part two : International Trade Trade in goods and services Trade in goods Trade in services Part three : Specialization Appendix Appendix 1 : Geographical classification Appendix 2 : Sectoral classification Appendix 3 : References P 2

  3. Presentation

  4. This World Economic Overview highlights the main changes in the world economy in the long run and how nations took part in it. Trends over some forty years are featured in the overview : from 1960 to 2012 for GDP, and from 1967 to 2009 for international trade in goods and services. The first part of the overview is dedicated to changes in the world ranking of economic and population weights as well as in the one of nations development levels. The second part describes trade flows. It sets out the growing share of trade in goods and services in the world production along with trade balances and imbalances across nations. Trade in goods and services, reflecting and explaining global and national transformations, is observed in detail. On one side through the product structure evolution, on the other side through the changes in geographical breakdowns. In the third part, specialization indicators – in terms of comparative advantages – are presented for about twenty major countries. This overview has been carried out from hte CHELEM database (Harmonized Accounts on the World Economy).. http://www.cepii.fr/francgraph/bdd/chelem.htm https://chelem.bvdep.com CHELEM-Banque de données du CEPII, document de travail n° 88-14, Décembre 1988. 4

  5. Part one : Countries Weight

  6. Total population

  7. Regionalshares of world income

  8. Regionalshares of world production***

  9. Shares in World Production*1960 – 20123 areas% of World PPP GDP http://www.ikea.com/fr/fr/catalog/categories/departments/bedroom/10999/ Source : CEPII, CHELEM-GDP database. *See p.8

  10. Shares in World Production*1960 – 20129 main geographic regions(% of World PPP GDP) Source : CEPII, CHELEM-GDP database. *See p.8

  11. Shares in World Production*1967 – 201213 major countries% of World PPP GDP United States Etats-Unis United States Source : CEPII, CHELEM-GDP database *See p.8.

  12. GDP PPP* per head2005 international dollarsRanking of regions in 2010 Source : CEPII, CHELEM-GDP database. *See p.8

  13. 2005 PPP GDP per head*(annual average growth rate) Source : CEPII, CHELEM-GDP database. *See p.8

  14. Part two International Trade

  15. Trade in goods and services

  16. Shares of main current account items in World GDP1967 – 2009percent of World GDP at current prices Total Goods and Services Current account Current account Currentaccount Industry Services Primary products Source : CEPII, CHELEM-International Trade, CHELEM-GDP and CHELEM-Balance of Payments databases

  17. World Trade and World GDP1967 - 2009 (currentprices, annualaveragegrowth rate, %) Source : CEPII, CHELEM-International Trade, CHELEM-GDP and CHELEM-Balance of Payments databases

  18. World Exports in Goods and Services 1967 - 2008 (9 areas in % of world trade) Source : CEPII, CHELEM-Balance of Paymentsdatabase. Note: the the right axis is for EU, the left axis is for the other areas. Figures intobrakets show the share in 2008. *Intra-EU tradeincluded

  19. World Imports in Goods and Services 1967 - 2008 (9 areas in % of world trade) Source : CEPII, CHELEM-Balance of Paymentsdatabase. . Note: the the right axis is for EU, the left axis is for the other areas. Figures intobrakets show the share in 2008. *Intra-EU tradeincluded

  20. Trade Balances on Goods and Services1967 - 2008 (billion current dollars) Source : CEPII, CHELEM-Balance of Paymentsdatabase

  21. Shares of the 4 sectors in World Trade1967 – 2009Percent of World Trade Source : CEPII, CHELEM-International Trade database.

  22. Shares of the 6 stages of Production in World Trade1967 – 2009 Percent of World Trade Source : CEPII, CHELEM-International Trade database

  23. Shares of chains in World Trade excluding Energy1967 - 2009 Percent of World Trade excluding Energy Source : CEPII, CHELEM-International Trade

  24. Geographic structure of World Trade in 2009percent of World Trade (all goods)(11 583 billion dollars at current prices in 2009**) Exporting zone in row Importing zone in column

  25. World exports in nine zones(percent of World Trade) 2008 11 764 billion dollars 1967 217 billion dollars Source : CEPII, CHELEM-International Trade database. *See p.8 ** European Union 27

  26. World imports in nine zones(percent of World Trade) 1967 217 billion dollars 2009 11 764 billion dollars Source : CEPII, CHELEM International Trade database. *See p.8 **European Union 27

  27. World exports in nine zonesIntra-Zone exchanges excluded(percent of World Trade, intra-zone included) 1967 217 billion dollars 2009 11 764 billion dollars Source : CEPII, CHELEM-International Trade database. *See p.8 **European Union 27

  28. World imports in nine zonesIntra-zone exchanges excluded(percent of World Trade, intra-zone included) 1967 217 billion dollars 2009 11 764 billion dollars Source : CEPII, CHELEM-Internbational Trade database. *See p.8 **European Union 27

  29. Ten leading merchandises’ exporters1967 – 2009(percent of world merchandise trade) Source : CEPII, CHELEM-International Trade database.

  30. EU27 share in member countries manufacturingproduct imports 1967 - 2009 Source : CEPII, CHELEM-International Trade database.

  31. EU27 share in member countriesfood agriculture product imports1967 - 2009 Source : CEPII, CHELEM-International Trade database.

  32. Trade balances of the 6 major countries1967 – 2009(percent of world merchandise trade, current dollars) Source : CEPII, CHELEM-International Trade database

  33. Positions of 6 major countries in the energy chain1967 – 2009(net exports, % of world trade in energy, current dollars) Source : CEPII, CHELEM-International Trade database

  34. Positions of 6 major countries in the Food Agriculture chain1967 – 2009(net exports, % of world trade in Food Agriculture, current dollars) Source : CEPII, CHELEM-International Trade database

  35. Positions of 6 major countries in the textiles chain1967 – 2009(net exports, % of world trade in textiles, current dollars) Source : CEPII, CHELEM-International Trade database

  36. Positions of 6 major countries in the wood paper chain1967 – 2009(net exports, % of world trade in wood paper, current dollars) Source : CEPII, CHELEM-International Trade database

  37. Positions of 6 major countries in the chemical chain1967 – 2009(net exports, % of world trade in chemicals, current dollars) Source : CEPII, CHELEM-International Trade database

  38. Positions of 6 major countries in the Iron & Steel chain1967 – 2009(net exports,, % of world trade in iron & steel, current dollars) Source : CEPII, CHELEM-International Trade database

  39. Positions of 6 major countries in the non ferrouschain1967 – 2009(net exports, % of world trade in non ferrous, current dollars) Source : CEPII, CHELEM-International Trade database

  40. Positions of 6 major countries in the machinery chain1967 – 2008(net exports, % of world trade in machinery, current dollars) Source : CEPII, CHELEM-International Trade database

  41. Positions of 6 major countries in the vehicles chain1967 – 2009(net exports, % of world trade in vehicles, current dollars) Source : CEPII, CHELEM-International Trade database

  42. Positions of 6 major countries in the electrical chain1967 – 2009(net exports, % of world trade in electrical equipment, current dollars) Source : CEPII, CHELEM-International Trade database

  43. Positions of 6 major countries in the electronicschain1967 – 2009(net exports, % of world trade in electronicsproducts) Source : CEPII, CHELEM-International Trade database.

  44. Trade in Services

  45. International Trade in Services compared to Trade In Goods: relative shares, 1967-2009 (% of world trade in goods and services) Source : CEPII, CHELEM-International Trade and CHELEM-Balance of Payments.

  46. World Trade in Services 1967-2009 (% of world trade in services) Source : CEPII, CHELEM-Balance of Paymentsdataase.

  47. World Trade in Services, 11 sectors:relative shares in 2009 and growth1997-2009 ** ***** * Billion current dollars ** % of world trade in services in 2008 ***Annual average growth rate Source : CEPII, CHELEM-Balance of Paymentsdatabase.

  48. World Exports in Services, 9 zones (%of total exports) 1997 1 356 billion dollars 2009 3 294 billion dollars Source : CEPII, CHELEM-Balance of Payments database.

  49. World Imports in Services, 9 zones(% of total imports) 1997 1 356 billion dollars 2009 3 095 billions dollars Source : CEPII, CHELEM-Balance of Payments database.

  50. Trade Balances on Services ( billion current dollars) ** * Source : CEPII, CHELEM Balance of Payments database. * EU27