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Argumentative Writing. How to Shine a Positive Light on your Opinions and thus Argue Better. The Parts of a Good Argument. Claim Evidence Warrant Counterclaim Rebuttal. Claim (thesis statement). States what you are arguing for; what point you are trying to make. Claim must be-

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argumentative writing

Argumentative Writing

How to Shine a Positive Light on your Opinions and thus Argue Better

the parts of a good argument
The Parts of a Good Argument

Claim

Evidence

Warrant

Counterclaim

Rebuttal

claim thesis statement
Claim (thesis statement)

States what you are arguing for; what point you are trying to make.

Claim must be-

1) Debatable: reasonable people could disagree with it

2) Narrow: not too big to deal with

Example: Energy drinks are bad for people.

evidence data
Evidence (data)

Supports your claim.

-not just more opinions but information from reliable sources that include-

  • Facts or statistics
    • Energy drinks have caused the deaths of 18 people.
  • Expert opinion
    • The Food & Drug Administration has shown …
  • Personal experience
    • I once had to have a heart monitor attached…
warrant bridge
Warrant (bridge)

Explains your pieces of evidence (arguments) and connects them to your claim.

A warrant -

  • Is Logical – makes sense
  • Is Reasonable – avoids excessive emotion
  • Does not assume – sticks with the evidence
counterclaim opposite argument
Counterclaim (opposite argument)

Disagrees with your claim.

Reasonable people can disagree with your claim.

  • What do they think? (claim)
    • Energy drinks make workers more efficient.
  • What is their evidence?
    • Productivity increases when workers use …
rebuttal evidence
Rebuttal (evidence)

Explains why the counterclaim is wrong.

You can reasonably disagree with the counterclaim.

  • Why are they wrong?
    • Productivity is good, but sleep problems can occur.
  • What is your evidence as to why they are wrong?
    • A worker who crashes after a few hours is…
argumentative writing1
Argumentative Writing

Must have:

  • Claim
  • Evidence
  • Warrant
  • Counterclaim
  • Rebuttal
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