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What is fuel poverty and who suffers from it? Energy Action, Dublin, 7.2.2011 Brenda Boardman Emeritus Fellow ECI Univ

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What is fuel poverty and who suffers from it? Energy Action, Dublin, 7.2.2011 Brenda Boardman Emeritus Fellow ECI University of Oxford. Income + housing. Low income. High income. Energy inefficient housing. Energy efficient housing. Affordable warmth. }. {.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

What is fuel poverty

and who suffers from it?

Energy Action,

Dublin, 7.2.2011

Brenda Boardman

Emeritus Fellow

ECI

University of Oxford

slide2

Income + housing

Low income

High income

Energy inefficient housing

Energy efficient housing

slide3

Affordable warmth

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10% of income for all energy services

Energy efficiency of the dwelling

24 hour mean internal temperature of 18°C

and all other energy services

slide5

Heating costs: low-income, pensioner couple

Present £6.65

For adequate warmth

a) existing poorly insulated home

  • poor heating system £16.15 + £9.50
  • efficient heating system £10.35 + £3.70

b) well insulated home

  • efficient heating system £5.65 - £1.00
slide6

Definition

  • A household is in fuel poverty if it needs to spend more than .... of its income on fuel to maintain a satisfactory heating regime and all other energy services
  • 10% = UK definition
  • Twice the median (as a proportion of expenditure) = possible EU definition
vulnerable
Vulnerable
  • Misleading descriptor
  • 71% of 2008 English households contained someone who is:
    • elderly
    • young
    • disabled or
    • long-term sick
slide8

Fuel poor pensionersEngland 2008

Pensioner households

Fuel poor households

49%

24% in fuel poverty

fuel poverty by sap rating 2006
Fuel poverty by SAP rating, 2006

Berr and Defra 2008, UK fuel poverty strategy 6th annual progress report, p55

identification
Identification
  • Simple method, for the doorstep, a ‘passport’, eg
    • receipt of a state benefit / pension
  • Sophisticated method of monitoring
  • Political decisions first, eg
    • priority for families or pensioners?
    • equivalisation
    • role of rent
slide14

Real problem: fuel prices

  • World fuel prices rising, consistently
  • Government policy paid through utility bills
  • Liberalised market worsens fuel poverty
    • utilities focus price reductions on active, profitable market = rich
    • Poor left paying highest prices
  • = Stronger regulation, more government concern for fuel poverty and new tariffs
slide15

Fuel poverty, England

Today?

$80/b

$50/b

$20/b

symptoms
Symptoms
  • Debt:
    • Elderly don’t get into debt: know they can never repay
    • Families will get into debt, to keep babies/ children warm
  • Disconnections – strongly driven by utility policy. Always an alternative
  • Excess winter deaths
slide17

Housing energy standards:

fuel poverty and climate change

slide18

rich

poor

a

green

c

b