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Disciplinary Literacy is MORE than Reading in the Content Areas. Carole Mullins, KDE English/LA Regional Content Specialist [email protected] Session Goals. To explain the concept of disciplinary literacy and the Common Core standards
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The standards were built on this vision for every single student who graduates from high school.
Doug Buehl, Developing Readers in the Academic Disciplines, 2011, p.13
“While the English language arts classroom has often been seen as the proper site for literacy instruction, this document acknowledges that the responsibility for teaching such skills must also extend to other content areas.”
Karen Kidwell, Highly Effective Teaching, Learning and Assessment: 2011 KAAC Presentation
Anchor Standard: W.CCR.1
Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and
relevant and sufficient evidence.
Anchor Standard: RL & RI.CCR.1
Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or
speaking to support conclusions
drawn from the text.
Unlike mathematics, secondary literacy is not a discipline. It is “homeless” in that it belongs to everyone and no one. Literacy is used in secondary classrooms, but it is not taught in a systematic way.
Enhancements to early literacy instruction
reading improvements among fourth-graders
And yet, middle school students are reading
no better than then
(and high school students appear to have fallen)
standards in history, science, mathematics,
English language arts and teachers have found
ways of getting info to students without texts
(e.g., Powerpoint, video)
But, ACT has found that the amount of text reading between 7th and 12th grades was the best preparation of later success
Reducing Text Difficulty
lowered textbook difficulty and lowered SAT
ACT study found not only was amount of in class reading significant, but that this reading had to be implemented with hard text (not easy text)
“…ability to “read, write, and think in ways that are characteristic of discrete academic disciplines”
Developing Readers in the Academic Disciplines, Doug Buehl
Videos Produced by
James B. Hunt, Jr. Institute for Educational Leadership and Policy
And the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO)
Literacy in Other Disciplines: (3:61)
After reading the handout containing points made by the Shanahan and Shanahan: