Toward a Sustainable Campus - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Toward a Sustainable Campus

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  1. Toward a Sustainable Campus

  2. Outline • Global Sustainability Movement in Higher Education • Resources • What can be done? • “Toward a Sustainable Campus” Program

  3. Sustainable Development "Humanity has the ability to make development sustainable--to ensure that it meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” Source: Report on Our Common Future by The World Commission on Environment and Development Environment Social Equity Economics

  4. Drivers for Sustainable Development • Economics • Indoor Environmental Quality • Depletion of Non-Renewables • Effect of Pollution • Environmental Stewardship

  5. Historical Energy Prices

  6. Drivers for Sustainable Development • Economics • Indoor Environmental Quality • Depletion of Non-Renewables • Effect of Pollution • Environmental Stewardship

  7. Indoor Environmental Quality

  8. Drivers for Sustainable Development • Economics • Indoor Environmental Quality • Depletion of Non-Renewables • Effect of Pollution • Environmental Stewardship

  9. Concern Over Supply

  10. ASPO Crisis Point

  11. Drivers for Sustainable Development • Economics • Indoor Environmental Quality • Depletion of Non-Renewables • Effect of Pollution • Environmental Stewardship

  12. Effect of Pollution

  13. Increasing Use of Coal

  14. Drivers for Sustainable Development • Economics • Indoor Environmental Quality • Depletion of Non-Renewables • Effect of Pollution • Environmental Stewardship

  15. Resources

  16. Energy Management • Highest Utility Cost • Optimization – Focus is on Reducing Waste • Impact on Environment • Impact on Indoor Environmental Quality • Everyone has a role

  17. Challenges • Limited Information • No Visibility or Accountability for Energy Use • Not Understanding the Urgency • Perceived Insignificance of the Individual • Conservation Myths • Stereotypes • Abstract Concept

  18. What Can Be Done? • Building & Land Development • Transportation • Water Use • Energy Use • Environmental Protection & Restoration • Facility Operations • Waste Management • Indoor Environmental Quality • Measuring & Monitoring

  19. Core Model of Campus Sustainability Campus Community Operations Research Education Sustainability CORE model has 4 interdependent functions.

  20. Sustainable Campus Today • Energy Management Systems • Retrofit Projects • Planning & Design • Education & Training • Sustainable Campus Committee • Service-Learning Program • Curriculum • University Research • Student Government ESP • Web Info Center

  21. What Can You Do? • Energy • Electrical Equipment • Lighting • Air-conditioning & Heating • Water • Recycling

  22. Benefits – Electrical Energy Efficiency • Reduces energy use and cost • Improves quality and comfort of working environment • Less maintenance required on electrical equipment • Extended equipment life • Less waste heat • Positive impact on climate change issues & non-renewable energy sources

  23. Electrical Equipment Energy • Computers • Switching Off • Screen Savers • Waste Heat • Printers • Copiers • Vending Machines • Water Fountains • Water Heaters

  24. Electrical Equipment Energy • Computers • Switching Off • Screen Savers • Waste Heat • Printers • Copiers • Vending Machines • Water Fountains • Water Heaters

  25. Cost and energy use vs. computer hours 100 watts at 6 cents/kWh

  26. Electrical Equipment Energy Life Affected? • Computers • Switching Off • Screen Savers • Waste Heat • Printers • Copiers • Vending Machines • Water Fountains • Water Heaters

  27. Electrical Equipment Energy Save only 10% at best Can actually use 30 watts more! Use Energy Star settings • Computers • Switching Off • Screen Savers • Waste Heat • Printers • Copiers • Vending Machines • Water Fountains • Water Heaters

  28. Electrical Equipment Energy Monitors measured at 105 to 115 degrees F • Computers • Switching Off • Screen Savers • Waste Heat • Printers • Copiers • Vending Machines • Water Fountains • Water Heaters

  29. Electrical Equipment Energy Can use 10 – 20 watts just sitting there! • Computers • Switching Off • Screen Savers • Waste Heat • Printers • Copiers • Vending Machines • Water Fountains • Water Heaters

  30. Electrical Equipment Energy Who’s in charge of the copier? • Computers • Switching Off • Screen Savers • Waste Heat • Printers • Copiers • Vending Machines • Water Fountains • Water Heaters

  31. Electrical Equipment Energy Each one can use $10 - $18 per month! • Computers • Switching Off • Screen Savers • Waste Heat • Printers • Copiers • Vending Machines • Water Fountains • Water Heaters

  32. Electrical Equipment Energy Each one can use $20 - $50 per year! • Computers • Switching Off • Screen Savers • Waste Heat • Printers • Copiers • Vending Machines • Water Fountains • Water Heaters

  33. Electrical Equipment Energy Each one can use $50 - $150 per year! • Computers • Switching Off • Screen Savers • Waste Heat • Printers • Copiers • Vending Machines • Water Fountains • Water Heaters

  34. Benefits – Efficient Lighting • Reduces energy use and cost • Improved quality • Less maintenance required • Fewer waste materials • Positive impact on climate change issues

  35. Efficient Lighting • T-8 Fluorescent/ electronic • Compact fluorescent bulbs • Lighting Mythology! • Day-lighting

  36. Efficient Lighting • T-8 Fluorescent/ electronic • Compact fluorescent bulbs • Lighting Mythology! • Day-lighting 20-30% more efficient

  37. Efficient Lighting • T-8 Fluorescent/ electronic • Compact fluorescent bulbs • Lighting Mythology! • Day-lighting

  38. How much is saved? In 12,000 hours of use Material Cost Life (hrs)Power (w)CostSavings CFL 12,000 15 $3.22 Incand 1,000 60 $0.24 $0.34 Energy Cost Life (hrs)Power (w)CostSavings CFL 12,000 15 x $0.06/kWh $10.80 $32.40 Incand 12,000 60 x $0.06/kWh $43.20

  39. Efficient Lighting • T-8 Fluorescent/ electronic • Compact fluorescent bulbs • Lighting Mythology! • Day-lighting

  40. Current 1/120 second Time The myth of start-up energy is busted!

  41. Efficient Lighting • T-8 Fluorescent/ electronic • Compact fluorescent bulbs • Lighting Mythology! • Day-lighting

  42. Benefits – HVAC Efficiency • Reduces energy use and cost • Improved quality and comfort • Less maintenance required • Longer equipment life • Scheduling and complex control strategies easily programmed • Positive impact on climate & resource issues

  43. Efficient HVAC • Comfort • Thermostats • Indoor Air Quality

  44. Efficient HVAC Combination of: Temperature Humidity Radiation Air movement Metabolism Clothing • Comfort • Thermostats • Indoor Air Quality

  45. Efficient HVAC Controls: Compressors Pumps Fan motors Dampers Heating Elements Valves • Comfort • Thermostats • Indoor Air Quality

  46. Efficient HVAC Issues: Outside ventilation CO2 buildup VOC’s Humidity/moisture Microbial growth • Comfort • Thermostats • Indoor Air Quality

  47. Benefits – Water Efficiency • Reduced water and energy use • Less maintenance • Extended equipment life • Utility rate increases avoided • Positive impact on aquifer

  48. Water Efficiency • Efficient fixtures • Water leaks • Irrigation • Landscaping • Water Reuse