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The First Five October 15, 2013. Agenda Message: No homework tonight! Today’s Warm-up: Why do countries go to war with other countries?. Discontent. In the Colonies. Unit 4 Discontent in the Colonies Part I.

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The first five october 15 2013
The First FiveOctober 15, 2013

  • Agenda Message: No homework tonight!

    Today’s Warm-up:

    Why do countries go to war with other countries?


In the Colonies

Unit 4 discontent in the colonies part i

Unit 4 Discontent in the Colonies Part I

SS8H3: The student will analyze the role of Georgia in the American Revolution.

a. Explain the immediate and long-term causes of the American Revolution and their impact on Georgia; include the French & Indian War (i.e., Seven Years War), Proclamation of 1763, Stamp Act, Intolerable Acts, and the Declaration of Independence.

French indian war
French & Indian War

  • 1754-The British & French fought several small battles in North America over their territories.

  • The British vs. the French & Native Americans (Allies)

  • Also, known as the Seven Year’s War (1756-1763).

  • By1759, the British controlled most of the French forts in North America.

  • Spain joined the side of the French & Native Americans.

  • Great Britain won the war in 1763!

French and indian war 1754 1763
French and Indian War 1754-1763

French and indian war
French and Indian War

The Answers:

Spain, France, & England

Ohio River and the surrounding land in the northeast colonies

Control the entire continent

The Questions:

Who fought during the 1600s-1700s for control of North America?

What area of North America was the French & Indian War conflict over?

Why was this area important?

French and indian war1
French and Indian War

The Questions

Why did the Creek Indians side with the French and the Cherokee with the English?

What was the result of the conflict?

This was all part of a larger conflict between Britain and France called what?

The Answers

They felt it would benefit their particular group; trust, & promises were made.

Proclamation of 1763 & the Treaty of Paris

Seven Years’ War A.K.A. French & Indian War

The treaty of paris of 1763
The Treaty of Paris of 1763

  • This treaty ended the French & Indian War (A.K.A. Seven Year’s War)

  • Britain claimed all of North America east of the Mississippi River.

  • Britain claimed Florida from Spain.

  • Great British became the dominant empire in North America & the world.

Treaty of paris video
Treaty of Paris Video

The first five october 16 2013
The First FiveOctober 16, 2013

  • Agenda Message: Copy tonight’s homework questions…

  • Explain two causes of the French & Indian War.

  • What ended the French & Indian War?

  • How did the results of the French & Indian war affect Georgia?

  • How did Great Britain profit from this war?

  • What happened to the Native Americans after the French & Indian War?

Today s warm up
Today’s Warm-up

  • Royal Georgia in Georgia CRCT Coach, GPS Edition, Social Studies, Grade 8 (Triumph Learning, 2008) workbook pages 50-53

Copy the video questions
Copy the Video Questions

  • When did the French & Indian War take place?

  • Where can the roots of the French & Indian War be traced back to?

  • Where did many of the battles take place?

  • Who was the 21 year old Virginian that led the losing British forces during the war?

  • What did France lose during the war?

  • What did Spain get from France?

Proclamation of 1763

Questions to Answer:

1. How did it come about?

  • After the war, Great Britain owned most of the land between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River.

2. What were the results?

  • The Native Americans were angry because promises were not kept.

  • Britain had a large war debt from fighting the French & Indian War.

  • Colonists ignored the law and moved into newly won territory.

Proclamation of 1763

Questions to Answer:

3. What did the proclamation say?

  • All land west of Appalachian Mountains to the Mississippi River would be for the Native Americans.

4. So then what?

  • Settlers were mad because they’d already settled there.

  • No money given to force settlers to move.

  • Colonists continued conflicts with Native Americans.

  • Colonists ignored Britain’s taxes and rules.

The proclamation of 1763
The Proclamation of 1763

  • This policy created a line along the crest of the Appalachian Mountains designed to keep peace with Native Americans.

  • No British or colonial settlers were to settle west of that line. Any settlers already west of that line were to leave.

  • Many northern colonists felt the line only protected the Indians and limited their access to the Ohio River territory.

  • Georgia’s Treaty of Augusta of 1763 opened Georgia land for settlement between the Ogeechee and Savannah rivers. This was not west of the proclamation line.

  • Georgia indirectly benefited from the Proclamation. Settlers from Virginia and the Carolinas who could no longer settle across the Appalachian Mountains chose Georgia!

Georgia was the youngest colony, had the smallest population, and it had no political structure = It was still ruled and protected by Britain (A.K.A. Royal Colony).

  • It’s original treaty of 1732 had the state extending all the way to present day California!

The Treaty of Paris changed that to the Mississippi River.

The sugar and stamp acts
The Sugar and Stamp Acts ways.

  • The Sugar Act of 1764 enforced taxes on molasses imports from the West Indies, which hurt merchants and smugglers.

  • The Stamp Act of 1765 forced colonists to buy stamps on all printed materials and documents.

  • Georgians and other colonists resented a direct or “internal” tax without being able to elect their representatives.

  • This caused lobbying and protests against “taxation without representation.”

Video the stamp act
Video The Stamp Act ways.

Write down 3 facts about stamp act.

Organized protests
Organized Protests ways.

  • Georgia sent no representatives to a “Stamp Act Congress” in New York City during the summer of 1765. Colonists met in New York to decide what to do about the Stamp Act.

  • The Sons of Liberty formed in Savannah, and held angry demonstrations against the Stamp Act.

  • By 1766, Georgia was the only colony to sell the stamps so that harvested rice could be shipped. Many Georgians and protesters from other colonies resented this.

  • Parliament canceled the Stamp Act in 1766 but not before threats of violence in Georgia had taken place.

More taxes
More Taxes ways.

  • Other taxes, including the Townshend Acts of 1767, taxed goods coming into the colonies.

  • Georgians met in Savannah to pass resolutions against the Acts.

  • South Carolinians began a boycott which meant they refused to buy most British-made goods.

  • After Great Britain repealed the Townshend taxes, except the tax on tea, many colonists only drank untaxed tea that was smuggled in.

The speaker controversy
The Speaker Controversy ways.

  • Georgia’s Commons House of Assembly elected Noble Wimberly Jones as its speaker.

  • Jones had been a leader of the Sons of Liberty during the Stamp Act protests.

  • Georgia Governor James Wright would not approve Jones as speaker due to Jones’ role with the Sons of Liberty.

  • Wright tried to do his job and support the British government while also urging the government to change policies the colonists did not like.

So what ways.will lead to rebellion?

  • Colonists still wanted more land and to move west.

  • Land companies wanted to get the land to sell.

  • Native Americans did not like being told what to do and where to go.

  • No one kept their promises and England breaks both the proclamation and treaty within a few years.

  • Colonists decide they want to self-govern and that King George III is taking advantage of them with all the taxes and lack of voice in their government.

Treaty of augusta
Treaty of Augusta ways.

  • In 1763, the 3rd Royal Governor, James Wright of Georgia negotiated with the Creek Indians for more land.

  • This treaty increased the land size of Georgia.