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Enlightenment and Revolution. By: Ema and Carly. Important Dates. 1517:Reformation 1642:English Civil War Begins 1687:Newton’s theory of gravity 1754:7 Years War 1776:American Revolution 1789:French Revolution-July 14(Bastille Day). Scientific Revolution.

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important dates
Important Dates
  • 1517:Reformation
  • 1642:English Civil War Begins
  • 1687:Newton’s theory of gravity
  • 1754:7 Years War
  • 1776:American Revolution
  • 1789:French Revolution-July 14(Bastille Day)
scientific revolution
Scientific Revolution
  • The explosion of scientific knowledge and technology.
  • Galileo, Newton, Harvey, Leeuwenhoek
important people
Important People
  • Francis Bacon: English philosopher, promoted scientific method.
  • Rene Descartes: “I think therefore I am.” Truth found through reason
  • Locke: Natural rights, right to overthrow
  • Montesquieu: Checks and Balances
more i mportant people
More Important People
  • Voltaire: “I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.”
  • Hobbes: Leviathon-people agree to absolute monarch to avoid chaos.
  • Immanuel Kant: physical and spiritual worlds are separate, reason cannot explain God.
  • Rousseau: Humans are naturally good.
age of enlightenment
Age of Enlightenment
  • Brought on from Scientific Revolution
  • People began to think nature followed rules.
  • “Dare to know”
  • Use reason to answer all questions.
important terms
Important Terms
  • The Social Contract: “Man is born free and everywhere he is in chains.” The right to rule belongs to the people.
  • Romanticism: emphasis on weird, unusual, bizarre things.
  • Natural law: universal moral law to be found through reason.
  • Pacifism: assembly of nations to settle disputes-calm
  • Deism: natural place in orderly universe-less “churchy” no relationship w/ God