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Chapter 1 Living a Healthy Life. What do you want to look like in 5 years? What do you want to be able to do? What type of friends will you have? What will be your favorite activities? What are you passionate about? What are you willing to practice everyday?.

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chapter 1 living a healthy life

Chapter 1 Living a Healthy Life

What do you want to look like in 5 years?

What do you want to be able to do?

What type of friends will you have?

What will be your favorite activities?

What are you passionate about?

What are you willing to practice everyday?

are you healthy lesson 1 the importance of good health
Are you healthy?Lesson 1:The Importance of good health
  • How are you?
  • Health-combination of physical, mental/emotional and social well-being.
  • Not an absolute state
  • Be the best you can be at a given time.
health continuum
Health Continuum
  • Health is dynamic-subject to constant change
  • Health is on a continuum
  • Change may occur suddenly or gradually.
  • Wellness-a balanced life
      • Overall state of well-being or total health

Requires ongoing commitment to achieve wellness

promoting your health lifestyle factors
Promoting Your HealthLifestyle Factors
  • Habits affect overall health, happiness or longevity
  • Habits or lifestyle factors include
    • Getting 8-10 hours of sleep each night
    • Other health habits-p.6
wellness and prevention
Prevention-practicing health and safety habits to remain free of disease and injury

Example-wearing a seatbelt

Wellness and Prevention
the importance of health education
The Importance of Health Education
  • Providing accurate information
  • Healthy People 2010-a nationwide health promotion and disease prevention plan designed to serve as a guide for improving the health of all people in the US. (located in back of textbook)
  • Studies show that as people become more educated, the general health of a population improves.
  • Individuals, families and communities can help in promoting health.
becoming health literate
Becoming Health Literate
  • A person’s capacity to learn about and understand basic health information and services
  • Use these resources to promote his or her health and wellness
to become health literate
To become health literate
  • Be a critical thinker and problem solver
  • Evaluate health information to make a responsible decision
  • Promote health in the community
  • Choose safe and legal behaviors
  • Your family would approve these decisions
  • Be a self-directed learner
  • Access reliable health information
  • Be an effective communicator
  • Express health information in a variety of ways
lesson 2 promoting a healthy lifestyle
Lesson 2: Promoting a Healthy Lifestyle
  • Your Health Triangle
  • Elements of health are interconnected.
  • Balance the elements
  • Another element that some researchers believe in is spiritual health.
physical health
Physical Health
  • How well your body functions.
  • Getting adequate sleep, eating nutritious meals, drinking enough water, being physically active on a regular basis.
  • Good hygiene, regular medical and dental checkups
  • Avoiding harmful drugs and substances in your body.
mental emotional health
Mental / Emotional health
  • Feelings about yourself, meeting demands of daily life and ability to process information.
  • Enjoy challenges, learning new things, views mistakes as opportunities to grow.
  • Accept responsibility for actions and stand up for their beliefs and values.
  • Usually deal with frustration, avoid dwelling on the negative.
  • Use positive thoughts and actions to move forward.
social health
Social Health
  • Involves the way you get along with others.
  • Ability to make friends.
  • Play in cooperative ways.
  • Communicating well
  • Showing respect and care for yourself and others.
keeping a balance
Keeping a Balance
  • Each side of the health triangle is equally important.
  • When something happens in your daily life, how does it affect each of the components or sides of the health triangle?
influences on your health
Influences on Your Health
  • Heredity
      • The traits that are biologically passed on to your from your parents.
      • Physical traits such as eye color
      • Inheriting genes that put you at risk for certain illnesses such as diabetes
      • Genes that strengthen your resistance to disease.
environment sum of your surroundings
Environment (sum of your surroundings)

Physical Environment

  • Safe environment-enjoys good physical, mental emotional, social health.
  • High crime area-concern for safety
  • High pollution

Social Environment

  • Supportive home
  • Peers who believe in good health
  • SADD group at CHS
culture the collective beliefs customs and behaviors of a group
Culture(the collective beliefs, customs and behaviors of a group)
  • This may be an ethnic group, a community, a nation or a specific part of the world.
  • Understanding culture can help you get to know others better and understand where they are coming from.
attitude
Attitude
  • Being healthy is a lifestyle choice.
        • The way you view a situation, affects the choices you make.
        • Do you see the situation in a positive or negative way?
behavior
Behavior
  • You have a great deal of control over your behavior.
  • Decide what health habits you will choose.
  • Influences the elements of health.
media
Media
  • Examples-
  • Plays a powerful role in shaping public opinion.
  • Not all health messages and sources are reliable.
  • Professional health organizations such as American Medical Association or American Heart Association or American Red Cross.
technology
Technology
  • Medical screenings, treatments for diseases, and cleanliness are positive
  • People driving instead of walking or watching TV are not positive.
lesson 3 your behavior and reducing health risks
Lesson 3: Your Behavior and Reducing Health Risks
  • Choices you make during adolescence can affect your health for the rest of your life
  • What activities do you do every day that put your health at risk?

I Understanding Health Risks

  • Become responsible for your health. Increase your awareness of risk behaviors.
  • Examine your current behaviors and make necessary changes.
recognizing risk behaviors
Recognizing Risk Behaviors
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and other public health agencies routinely survey teens on health behaviors.
  • Look at chart on page 18.
  • Categories:
    • Behaviors that may contribute to intentional/unintentional injuries.
    • Tobacco use
    • Alcohol and other drug use
    • Sexual behaviors that contribute to unplanned pregnancy, HIV, STI’s.
    • Unhealthy dietary behaviors
    • Physical inactivity
cumulative risks and consequences
Cumulative Risks and Consequences
  • Cumulative Risks-Risk behaviors that add up over time.
  • Increase in effect with each added risk. (Accumulate)
  • Ex. Smoking and eating high fat meals
  • Combinations of risk behaviors-
  • Ex. Driving too fast, not wearing a seatbelt, driving in bad weather.
abstaining from risk behaviors
Abstaining from Risk Behaviors
  • Abstinence-What does it mean?
    • Abstaining from Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Drugs
        • Avoid many negative consequences such as addiction, death, isolation from family and friends, legal consequences.
    • Abstaining from Sexual Activity
        • Never worry about unplanned pregnancy.
        • Not face single parenting in this case.
        • Not caring for a child.
        • STI;s or HIV infection
        • Emotional problems of guilt, regret and rejection
        • Focus on other priorities
        • Work on relationships without worry of the above.
lesson 1 building health skills
Lesson 1: Building Health Skills

Health Skills or life skills are specific tools and strategies that help you maintain, protect, and improve all aspects of your health.

Interpersonal Skills

  • One trait of a health-literate individual is to have effective communication skills..
  • Involves good listening skills.
  • Interpersonal communication is the exchange of thoughts, feelings and beliefs between two or more people.
effective communication includes
. Effective communication includes:
  • Clearly say what you mean.
  • Pay attention to how you say something.
  • Be a good listener.
refusal skills
Refusal Skills
    • This means communication strategies that can help you say no when you are urged to take part in behaviors that are unsafe or unhealthful, or that go against your values.
    • Say no in a firm voice.
  • Explain why.
  • Suggest alternatives.
  • Use appropriate body language.
  • Leave if necessary.
conflict resolution skills
Conflict Resolution Skills
  • The process of ending a conflict through cooperation and problem solving.
  • Take time, calm down, think.
  • Discuss conflict calmly and listen attentively.
  • Use a respectful tone of voice, brainstorm solutions. Work to resolve the conflict.
self management skills
. Self-Management Skills
  • Practicing Healthful Behaviors
    • Choices you make today affect your future.
    • Choices about eating, fitness, expressing feelings, healthy relationships are examples.
  • Managing Stress
    • Learn ways to deal with or overcome negative effects of stress.
analyzing influences
AnalyzingInfluences

Internal Influences knowledge, values, likes, dislikes and desires. You have a great deal of control over these.

External Influences family, friends, peers, environment, culture, laws and media.

accessing information
Accessing Information
  • Learn how to find and recognize reliable and trustworthy sources of information.
      • These include:
  • Parents, guardians and trusted adults.
  • Library resources such as encyclopedias and non-fiction resources.
  • Reliable internet sites such as those posted by government and educational institutions.
  • Newspaper and magazine articles by health professionals.
  • Health care providers, government agencies
advocacy
Advocacy
  • Taking action to influence others to address a health-related concern or to support a health-related belief.
  • SADD group at school
lesson 2 chapter 2 making responsible decisions and setting goals
Lesson 2 Chapter 2 Making Responsible Decisions and Setting Goals
  • When you make decisions or set goals, you are exercising power over how healthy, happy and productive you can be.
the decision making process
The Decision-Making Process
  • These are steps that enable you to make a healthy decision.
  • Steps in the process:
    • State the situation.
    • List the options.
    • Weigh the possible outcomes.
  • H (Healthful) Health risks?
  • E (Ethical) Yours and parent beliefs?
  • L(Legal) Violation of laws?
  • P(Parent Approval) Would parents approve your choice?
    • Consider Values
    • Make a decision and act on it.
    • Evaluate the decision.
setting personal health goals
Setting Personal Health Goals
  • Setting goals can help you change your life in positive ways by focusing your energy on behaviors you want to change or to develop.
  • Types of Goals
    • Short-Term
      • Finishing a project by Friday.
    • Long-Term
      • Improving grades by end of quarter.
achieving your goals
Achieving Your Goals
  • Set a specific, realistic goal, and write it down.
  • List the steps you will take to reach your goal.
  • Identify sources of help and support.
  • Set a reasonable time frame for reaching your goal.
  • Evaluate your progress by establishing checkpoints.
  • Reward yourself for achieving your goal.
lesson 3 chapter 2 building character
Lesson 3: Chapter 2: Building Character
  • It is important to consider and act on your most important beliefs and values when making a decision.
  • Values shape your priorities, and help you distinguish right from wrong.
  • Values are also traits of good character.
  • Character can be defined as those distinctive qualities that describe how a person thinks, feels and behaves.
what is good character
What is Good Character?
  • An outward expression of inner values.
  • The person demonstrates core ethical values such as:
  • responsibility,
  • honesty,
  • integrity
  • and respect.
character and good health
Character and Good Health
  • Developing good character enhances each side of the health triangle.
  • If you view yourself with respect and value your physical health, you’re more likely to take care of your body and eat nutritiously.
  • When you act with responsibility and fairness, both your mental/emotional and social health will improve.
  • When you feel good about yourself, your relationships with others are strengthened..
traits of good character
Traits of Good Character
  • Trustworthiness
  • Respect
  • Responsibility
  • Fairness
  • Caring
  • Citizenship
developing your character
Developing Your Character
  • To take a more active role in your character development:
  • Stand up for your beliefs.
  • Learn from people who demonstrate good character traits.
  • Join volunteer groups. Form friendships with people who exhibit core ethical values.
positive role models
Positive Role Models
  • Who inspires you?
  • Who supports your goals and promotes your health and the health of your family?
  • Who encourages you, works hard, stays focused plans ahead, is honest and demonstrates healthy behavior?
demonstrating character
Demonstrating Character
  • Make a difference at home.
  • Make a difference at school.
  • Make a difference in your community.