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Disability Awareness Training Fundamentals of Inclusive Service. To give you strategies and resources that give all people the opportunity to serve their community, including people with physical and cognitive disabilities. PURPOSE OF TRAINING.

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purpose of training

To give you strategies and resources that give

all people the opportunity to serve their community, including people with physical and cognitive disabilities.

PURPOSE OF TRAINING
who are people with disabilities

People with disabilities are -- first and foremost, people -- people who have individual abilities, interests and needs.  For the most part, they are ordinary individuals seeking to live ordinary lives.  People with disabilities are moms, dads, sons, daughters, brothers, sisters, friends, neighbors, coworkers, students and teachers.  About 52 million Americans -- one out of every five individuals -- have a disability.  Their contributions enrich our communities and society as they live, work and share their lives.

Who are People with Disabilities?
definition of disability cont

The ADA definition is an inclusive definition that tends to capture both the largest and broadest estimate of people with disabilities. It describes a disability as a condition which limits a person’s ability to function in major life activities – including communication, walking, and self-care (such as feeding and dressing oneself) – and which is likely to continue indefinitely, resulting in the need for supportive services.

Definition of Disability cont.
inclusive service

An inclusive service is one where all members have equal access to opportunities and resources. It’s a place where all members – regardless of age, gender, ethnicity, language or poverty - are seen and heard by those around them. It’s an environment without physical, social and cultural barriers.

Inclusive Service
national service inclusion

“National Service” is community volunteerism that is encouraged and supported by the federal government. Service member address human needs in education, health, public safety, and the environment.

“Inclusion” refers to the active engagement of people with disabilities as service members and volunteers in all levels of national and community service.

National Service Inclusion
message from governor s office of faith based volunteer service

All programs receiving funds from the CNCS or other federal agencies must comply with federal laws that guarantee equal access and prohibit discrimination. But mere compliance does not necessarily ensure the full and meaningful participation of people with disabilities in national and community service. An inclusive service environment does.

Message from Governor’s Office of Faith-Based & Volunteer Service
reminder

Everyone can contribute, everyone

    • has gifts to give to their community
    • can be part of the community
    • needs a chance to serve and be useful in their communities
Reminder
reviews disabilities awareness 101

Put the person first

  • Think about the ability not the disability
  • Only refer to the disability
  • Ten Commandments: Etiquette for Communicating with People with Disability
      • People first Language
Reviews –Disabilities Awareness 101
famous quote

“Everybody can be great because anybody can serve…you don’t need a college degree to serve, just a heart full of grace and soul generated by love…”

Dr. Martin Luther King,

Famous Quote
didn t speak until after age 3 but rumors of his various disabilities seem to be just rumors
Didn’t speak until after age 3; but rumors of his various disabilities seem to be just rumors …
slide45

People with disabilities are joining the world of service in increasing numbers. Just like their able-bodied peers, they see a need in their communities and want to contribute to creating a better world for all. Whether it is teaching children to read, repairing trails, helping seniors remain independent in their homes, or increasing public safety, people with disabilities are contributing.

goal 2

Developing an Inclusive Service Description

    • (Defining Essential & Marginal Functions)
Goal 2
slide47

Before the search begins things to do:

  • nature of the work to be performed
    • Essential functions of the service performed must be outline in member description
STOP!
essential functions definition

The term "essential functions" means the fundamental service duties of the position the individual with a disability holds or desires

Essential Functions Definition
essential functions defined by ada

The Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) requires employers to make job-related decisions on the basis of whether a person can perform essential job functions, under reasonably accommodating conditions, in an acceptable manner. Job descriptions must identify which functions are essential, and employers must make employment decisions based upon the essential functions. Other functions, not designated essential, are categorized as marginal and are not to be used as a basis for employment decisions. Both essential and marginal functions must be identified in job descriptions.

Essential Functions Defined by ADA
essential functions

Under Title I of the ADA, an employee must have a disability and also be qualified to perform the essential job functions with or without reasonable accommodation. This means two things. First, the employee with a disability must satisfy the employer's requirements for the job, such as education, employment experience, skills or licenses. Second, the employee with a disability must be able to perform the essential job functions with or without reasonable accommodation.

Essential functions
marginal functions definition

A marginal functions is not unessential to the work unit, only to a given job. The function has to be accomplished, but it can be done by another employee or position.

Marginal Functions definition
building an inclusive service environment1

In inclusive service environment is more than ensuring an accessible building, providing a sign language interpreter or creating large print documents. It is more than refraining from illegal interview questions or violating confidentiality. Rather, an inclusive service environment welcomes all people, regardless of their disability. It recognizes and uses their skills and strengthens their abilities. An inclusive service environment is respectful, supportive, and equalizing. An inclusive service environment reaches out to and includes individuals with disabilities at all levels, from first time participants to board members.

Building an Inclusive Service Environment
building an inclusive environment cont

Physical Environment

    • Service site, is it accessible?
    • Office area, is it accessible?
    • Training Site, is it accessible

Communication

Ten Commandments: Etiquette for Communicating with People with Disability

    • People First Language
    • Think about the ability not the ability
    • Only refer to the disability
Building an inclusive environment cont.
building inclusive environment cont

Communication (Alternate Formats)

    • Spoken words
    • Written words
    • Pictures/symbols
    • Sign Language
    • Audiotapes
    • Braille
    • Body Language
    • Communication board/Devices
Building inclusive Environment Cont.
individual applicants

Job seekers with disabilities may simply make direct contact with employers to apply for open positions.  Employers can post job opening announcements with agencies, organizations, schools and colleges, and at online job banks developed for and visited by job seekers with disabilities

Individual Applicants
public agencies

Some job seekers with disabilities may work with a state agency, such as the state Vocational Rehabilitation Division, Commission for the Blind, or 
Veterans Vocational Rehabilitation Services.  Employers may receive direct contact from the applicant or be contacted, on the client's behalf, by a vocational counselor or placement specialist employed by the agency.  The agency provides job placement assistance and support to both the client and employer.   If you have a position opening, agencies can help match qualified candidates

Public Agencies
private agencies

Some job seekers with disabilities may work with a private rehabilitation firm. Employers may receive direct contact from the applicant or be contacted, on the client's behalf, by a vocational counselor or placement specialist employed by the company.  The company provides job placement assistance and support to both the client and employer.  

If you have a position opening, private rehabilitation firms can help match qualified candidates. 

Private Agencies
nonprofit vocational training programs

Some job seekers and workers may receive job placement services, job training, and/or work opportunities from a nonprofit vocational training program

The program can help match qualified candidates to position openings and provide assistance and support to both the worker and employer.  Some programs also offer contract work arrangements to employers.  The work may be performed by qualified workers at the job site or at the program’s own facility.  

If you have a position opening, or have work needs that could be contracted out, vocational programs can match qualified candidates and/or provide qualified workers to perform contracted work assignments

Nonprofit Vocational Training Programs
options ways to recruit qualified people with disabilities

Seek out agencies qualified workers with disabilities

  • Before you the search begins things to do:
  • nature of the work to be performed
    • Essential functions of the service performed must be outline in member description
Options & Ways to recruit Qualified People with disabilities
recruitment agencies

Agency personnel support the client through the job training, job search, and/or job placement process.  The level of agency support provided to the client and employer will vary based on individual client needs. 

Recruitment Agencies
nonprofit organizations

Some job seekers with disabilities may be affiliated with a nonprofit organization that offers job search and/or job placement support.  Job placement support and assistance to the client and employer varies among organizations.  

If you have a position opening, organizations can help match qualified job candidates.

Nonprofit Organizations
high schools and colleges

Students attending high school or college may receive job training, work experience, internship placement, job search, and/or job placementsupport 
and assistance from school or college personnel.  The amount of support will vary depending on individual student needs and the amount of support the school or college is able to provide. 

If you have a position opening or work needs, high schools and colleges can help match qualified cooperative work experience students, interns,
student trainees, student workers, or graduates. 

High Schools and Colleges
high school and colleges cont

To recruit high school students, contact the high school's counselors and Work Experience Program. 

To recruit college students and graduates, contact the 
Disability Services Office and the Job Placement Office at your local college.

High School and Colleges Cont.
other

Church group

Family members or friends

United way

Volunteer action centers

Retired senior volunteers

VA Hospital

Other
opportunities to serve people with disabilities
American Red Cross/Southside

Alabama Head Injury Foundation/Small Places

Lakeshore Foundation

Birmingham Independent Living Center

Exceptional Foundation

United Way

Opportunities to Serve People with Disabilities
slide69

Alabama Council for Developmental Disabilities

RSA Union Building100 North Union StreetPost Office Box 301410 Montgomery, Alabama 36130-1410 Phone: 1-334-242-3973Toll-Free: 1-800-232-2158Information and Referral: 1-877-774-9520FAX: 1-334-242-0797Website: www.acdd.org

Email: addpc@mh.state.al.us

resources
Resources
  • National Service Inclusion Project

Toll-free: 888-491-0326 (voice and TTY)Fax: 617-287-4352

www.SERVICEandINCLUSION.org

  • Alabama Council for Developmental Disabilities

Phone: 1-334-242-3973Toll-Free: 1-800-232-2158Information and Referral: 1-877-774-9520FAX: 1-334-242-0797www.acdd.org