国际货代物流英语. Week 15. Text Main Logistics Documents. New Words and Phrases category n. 种类，分类 approximately adv. 近似的，大约 equivalent adj. 相当于，相等于 negotiable adj. 可流通的，可转让的 dispatch n. 派遣，发送
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New Words and Phrases
【Para 1】Introduction to transportation Documents（物流单据介绍）
Logistics documents refer to all documents involve in the course of logistics. Generally speaking, logistics documents contain two kinds of documents: cargo documents and transport documents. They are applied for various purposes in the whole process of transport of goods. The following paragraphs are introduction to bill of lading, air waybill, packing list, commercial invoice, insurance policy and certificate of origin.
【Para 2】Bill of Lading（提单）
One of the most important documents in maritime is the bill of lading (abbreviated to B/L). It is used primarily in international sales of goods where the carriage of goods is by sea. It must be presented at the port of final destination by the importer in order to claim goods. A B/L is nearly always prepared on a pre-printed form.
Whatever its form, a B/L may contain some main elements, such as quantity of goods, accurate cargo description and condition, date of the bill of lading, names of shipper and consignee, party to be notified, name of vessel, ports of loading and discharge, terms and conditions of carriage and payment of freight.
The functions of the maritime B/L can be classified into three categories:
【Para 3】Air Waybill（空运运单）
An air waybill is a form of B/L used for the air transport of goods. It is an evidence of a transportation contract. The air waybill is approximately equivalent to the sea B/L, but it is not a document of title to goods or a negotiable document.
Each air waybill has three originals and at least 6 copies. The air waybill must be accurately completed, clear forwarding instruction must be given to the airline or agent. The air waybill is used as a receipt of the goods for dispatch and evidence of the contract of carriage between the carrier and the consignor.
【Para 4】Packing List（装箱单）
A packing list is a document prepared by the shipper at the time the goods are shipped, giving details of the invoice, buyer, consignee, country of origin, vessel or flight details, port or airport of loading and discharge, place of delivery, shipping marks, container number, weight and cubic of goods, etc. Its prime purpose is to give an inventory of the shipped goods and is required by the customs clearance.
【Para 5】Commercial Invoice（商业发票）
The commercial invoice is a document offered by the seller to the buyer regarding the sold goods. The commercial invoice is issued by the exporter. It provides details of a transaction between the importer and the exporter.
Its main function is a check for the importer against charges and delivery. Besides, it used as determination of value of goods for the assessment of customs duties, preparation for consular documentation, insurance claims and packing purposes.
【Para 6】Insurance Policy（保险单）
An insurance policy is a document confirming insurance of cargo and indicating the type and amount of insurance coverage. This document is usually issued to the party buying the insurance.
【Para 7】Certificate of Origin（原产地证书）
A certificate of origin is a document issued by a certifying authority such as a chamber of commerce in the exporter’s country stating the country of origin of the goods. It is usually required by countries to set the appropriate duties for the imports.
1．Generally speaking, logistics documents contain two kinds of documents: cargo documents and transport documents.
2．It must be presented at the port of final destination by the importer in order to claim goods.
3．Whatever its form, a bill of lading may contain some main elements, such as quantity of goods, accurate cargo description and condition, date of the bill of lading, names of shipper and consignee, party to be notified, name of vessel, ports of loading and discharge, terms and conditions of carriage and payment of freight.
4．document of title for the goods
5．The air waybill is approximately equivalent to the sea B/L, but it is not a document of title to goods or a negotiable document.
6．Each air waybill has three originals and at least 6 copies.
7．Besides, it used as determination of value of goods for the assessment of customs duties, preparation for consular documentation, insurance claims and packing purposes.
New Words and Phrases
（Jane is talking to the customer, Mr. Wang , who came into the office in a hurry.）
1．I remember the consignment consists of twenty TEU.
2．I must have the three original Bills of Lading.
3．Who will pay for the extra expense that may incur when the containers are moved?
4．All the expense incurred for this purpose will be for our account.
Ⅰ Oral Practice: practice the above dialogue with your partner until you can learn the lines by heart.