AMAZON RIVER. About Amazon:-.
As the drainage system of the Amazon Basin, the Amazon
River and its approximately 1,100 tributaries play major roles
in the ecology of the basin.
Before roads and airstrips started appearing in the basin
these waterways were the major access routes to the
interior areas of Brazil and the northern half of South
For example, the only way you can get to Iquitos, Peru, which
is right on the Amazon River, is to board a plane or a boat.
There are no roads to get there.
The Amazon River has its source high in the Peruvian Andes,
at an elevation of 5,598 m. There, at a mere 192 km from the Pacific
Ocean where it once flowed into, the Amazon River begins as a
small tributary called the Carhuasanta.
As it heads east, it flows into and becomes the Hornillos, which
merges into the Apurimac, a major tributary that eventually joins
the Ene, the Tambo and then the Ucayali.
After an initial drop in elevation, the Amazon River steadies its
descent towards the Atlantic Ocean at a rate of 1.5 cm for every
kilometre over a distance of over 6,400 km. In some places, the river
reaches a width of 10 km, as far as 1,600 km upriver, and large ships
can dock all the way up to Iquitos, Peru.
The Amazon rainforest is the home of ove
300 species of mammals, thousands of
freshwater fish, tens of thousands of trees
and nearly a hundred thousand other plant
Also there are so many species of insects that
experts agree they will find them all!
Some say it is 20,000. Others say it is nearer to
millions! New species of wildlife are still being
Reasons for Deforestation-
As the pressures afflicting the region grow in intensity, it
is becoming increasingly clear that the price to be paid
is not only loss of biodiversity and habitat – but also of a
decreasing life quality for people.