Introduction to Simulation. Dr. Margaret hindman. There cannot be a stressful crisis next week, my schedule is already full. Henry Kissinger. What is simulation?.
Dr. Margaret hindman
There are philosophical issues raised by simulations, which have roots in the context of modeling, experimenting or even thought-experimenting.
An institution needs to identify its philosophy.
An identified framework that is consistent with the philosophy of the institution can give rise to structure and new realizations.
As nurse scientists we are striving to explain out world and new idealizations can provide the innovation for our future path of conceptualizing and implementation.
There is a need for a consistent and empirically guided framework to guide the design and implementation of simulations and assessment of outcomes. (Cioffi, 2001)
A framework that specifies relevant variables and their relationships can provide a valuable foundation for scientific inquiry.
An example of a simulation framework based on Caputi’s Model for Clinical Teaching:
Course Student Learning Outcomes come from student learning objectives written for simulation
Identified competencies are measureable behaviors.
Simulation assignments are based on pre-identified competencies.
Evaluation is evidenced based where performance is measured on assignments tied to SLO.
Once SLOs have been identified, then it is time to decide the approach that is consistent with meeting those objectives.
1. demonstration simulation
2. module simulation
3. course simulation
1. Reliant learner/Skilled instructor (facilitator)
1. expert instructor/expert simulator (HSSC)
2. expert scenario/competent facilitator (HSSC)
2. training tools
3. performance and evaluation
4. feedback to participants
5. data collection