AN INTRODUCTION TO PARAGRAPHING. Writing Motto…. There is no single way to write… Nor is there ONE way to craft a paragraph…. There are many types of Paragraphs. Describe Define Show results Analyse Describe AND analyse
There is no single way to write…
Nor is there ONE way to craft a paragraph….
The Classic Paragraph Structure
‘Body Ideals before the 20th century’ ?
There have been, of course, other periods when slenderness was admired. During the 15th century, paintings of long-limbed ladies reverberated with the vaulting reaches of Gothic cathedrals. Sixteenth century Mannerists in northern Europe painted elongated nudes, such as the nymphs in Cranach the Elder’s The Judgement of Paris. More recently, the Romantic vogue for slenderness in the 1830s-1850s encouraged young ladies to strive for the tiny waist favoured by fashion – an effort later immortalised in Gone with the Wind when Scarlett O’Hara’s stays are tightened to achieve a 17-inch waist. (Seid, R, (1994, 4-5).
Line 1 introduces the topic:
Periods when slenderness has been
admired through history
(Explanation, Evidence, Comment)
What does this mean?
Why do I think this?
What do I think of this?
EXPLAINWHAT IS MEANT BY THE TOPIC.
GIVE REASONSfor the assertion stated in the topic statement.
DESCRIBE the topic. EG:
INTERPRET/ANALYSE /COMMENT ON THE SUPPORTING DETAILS.
Students can improve their learning in lectures if they adopt an active rather than passive approach to them. Students who are active will take a critical stance to lecture material. To do so, they need to prepare themselves before the lecture (Cottrell 2003, 26). For example, having read on the subject of the lecture beforehand, they may come with a list of questions they hope the lecture will address. On the other hand, students who approach lectures passively will….
Beverly Skeggs’ study has similar traits and strategies to my own study of women at University. Skeggs’ work focuses on the ways in which working class people have elected to go to University in order to move away from their working class environment. Skeggs notes that, for some women in her study, completing college courses was an attempt ‘to escape’ (Skeggs, 1997: 76) the working class predicament and its association with ‘low level skills’ (Walkerdine, 1993: 165). This desire to escape working class roots was particularly poignant in this case study. Hannah has always found University difficult and is unhappy with her degree course in primary school teaching. She has often stated that she would rather be doing hairdressing but, when questioned, says that being a primary school teacher is ‘better’.(…)
Theory (1 aspect)
Application of theory
Body Ideals before the 20th century
Nonetheless, it would be misleading to assume that these eras resembled our own. Gothic and mannerist nudes had not a bone or muscle showing; they were sweetly and fully fleshed. Women of the Romantic period may have wanted tiny waists, but they also wanted their shoulders, arms, calves, and bosoms ample, indicating an “amorous plenitude” (2). Indeed, thinness was considered ugly, a woman’s misfortune. (…) Nor did the Romantic lady equate slenderness with health and energy as we do today; health was not part of her aesthetic ideal. Rather, slenderness signified delicacy and fragility, the qualities she sought. (Seid, R, (1994, 5).
(= often an assertion/opinion/judgement to be developed)
(Explanation, Definitions, Evidence, & Comment)
P → E→ C
Capital punishment is not a deterrent to crime. Statistics show that in states with capital punishment, murder rates are the same or almost the same as in states without capital punishment. It is also true that it is more expensive to put a person on death row than in life imprisonment because of the costs of maximum security. Unfortunately,capital punishment has been used unjustly. Statistics show that every execution is of a man and that nine out of ten are black. So capital punishment is also subject to prejudice.
What can you do if you get the following tutor comment?
Don’t write 1 sentence paragraphs.
The point of a paragraph is to develop a point.
One sentence can make a point.
It cannot develop one.
Develop your points with e.g. : examples, paraphrase,
Your comments, statistics, quotations (use the latter
sparingly unless specifically required).
Look at paragraphs 1-4 in Barbara Ehrenreich’s presentation on ‘The decline of patriarchy’ (beginning ‘I want to start with some illustrations of what I mean…’ and ending ‘no special comment was made by that’. In On a piece of paper sum up the topic of each paragraph in about 3-4 words each time.
_______________________ . In 1851 their average size was 4.7, roughly the same as it had been in the seventeenth century, but the 1½ million couples who married during the 1860s, which the historian G. M. Young described as the best decade in English history to have been brought up in, raised the figure to 6.2. Only one out of eight families had one or two children, while one in six had ten or more, so that the counsel 'little children should be seen and not heard' was prudent rather than simply authoritarian advice. (Asa Briggs, (1983). A social history of England, p. 244)
‘In general, Victorian families were very large’.
(Steans and Pettiford 2001, 168).
As we have been at pains to point out, women are not simply helpless victims of forces beyond their control. (…) Women are organising to resist the undermining of labour rights, to fight for better working conditions and, in so doing, draw attention to the problems they face as both paid and unpaid workers. Through political struggle, women can and do play a role in resisting domiant power relations and bringing about change. (…)
(Steans and Pettiford 2001, 168).