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The Divided Kingdom. Till There Was No Remedy. 1 Kings 15:16 – 16:14; 2 Chron. 14-15. Summary To Date. Israel Has Divided: Israel and Judah North = Israel (10 Tribes) South = Judah (2 Tribes) Jeroboam Established Idol Religion In Israel No Good Kings

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Till There Was No Remedy


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    1. The Divided Kingdom Till There Was No Remedy 1 Kings 15:16 – 16:14; 2 Chron. 14-15

    2. Summary To Date • Israel Has Divided: Israel and Judah • North = Israel (10 Tribes) • South = Judah (2 Tribes) • Jeroboam Established Idol Religion In Israel • No Good Kings • Whole Division is Corrupt from top to bottom Judah Wavers With Good and Bad

    3. Judah: Rehoboam 17 yrs (Evil) Abijam – 3 yrs (Evil) Asa – 41 yrs (Good) Israel: Jeroboam 1 – 22 yrs Nadab – 2 yrs Baasha- 24 yrs Kings of Israel and Judah

    4. Israel – Northern 10 Tribes Judah – Southern 2 Tribes

    5. Zera the Cushite Invades Judah

    6. In Tonight’s Lesson • Asa and Judah are delivered from the Ethiopians ( 2 Chron.14:9-15) • Baasha and Israel – 24 evil years • Many faithful move from Israel to Judah (2 Chron. 15:9) • The Message of Azariah the Prophet – 2 Chron.15:1-7 • Asa Renews the Covenant with God – 1 Kgs.15:9-15; 2 Chron.15:8-19

    7. In Tonight’s Lesson • Asa’s War With Baasha – 1 Kgs.15:16-22; 2 Chron.16:1-6

    8. The Divided Kingdom (931 – 722 B.C.)

    9. Judah – South Rehoboam – Sacked by Shishak of Egypt for abandoning God Humbled himself Israel – North Jeroboam – Continued his idolatry 1 Kgs.13:33-34 His son Abijah becomes ill Jeroboam sends his wife disguised to Ahijah to inquire of son’s fate North and South

    10. Judah – South Rehoboam – Sacked by Shishak of Egypt for abandoning God Humbled himself Ruled for 17 years Abijah – 3 years Evil Fought Jeroboam Won with God’s help Israel – North Jeroboam – Jeroboam sends his wife disguised to Ahijah to inquire of son’s fate Ahijah sees through her deception Tells of God’s disappointment in Jeroboam Disaster is coming North and South

    11. Judah – South Abijah died Buried in City of David Asa- 2 Chron. 14-16 Reigned 41 years Was a good king Destroyed idols in Judah Fortified cities Israel – North Jeroboam – Abijah died in Jeroboam’s 20th year of rule in Israel Ruled 2 more years for total of 22 years Nadab 2 years – evil Struck down by Baasha North and South

    12. Judah – South Rehoboam-wicked Abijah-wicked Asa- good A massive Ethiopian invasion Asa prayed for God’s help God gave a great victory Jehoshaphat Israel – North Jeroboam – Nadab Baasha – 24 years Another evil ruler Conspires against Nadab and executes Ahijah’s prophecy. North and South

    13. The Divided Kingdom The Early Years of Asa • 1 Kings 15:11-15; 2 Chron. 14:1-8 JUDAH • After a reign of 3 years, Abijah died • His son Asa succeeded him as king • Asa reigned over Judah for 41 years • He did what was right in the sight of the LORD Israel: Jeroboam – Nadab – Baasha

    14. Note Asa was the first good king since the kingdom divided.

    15. The Divided Kingdom The Early Years of Asa • 1 Kings 15:11-15; 2 Chron. 14:1-8 JUDAH • When Asa took the throne idolatry was rampant in all of Judah • Asa began to reform Judah by destroying idols and commanding the people to serve God • The kingdom of Judah enjoyed 10 years of peace Israel: Jeroboam – Nadab – Baasha

    16. The Divided Kingdom The Early Years of Asa • 1 Kings 15:11-15; 2 Chron. 14:1-8 JUDAH • During this time Asa fortified cities of Judah • He put together a well equipped army of 580,000 • 300,000 men of Judah • 280,000 men of Benjamin • This was a time for time of prosperity in Judah Israel: Jeroboam – Nadab – Baasha

    17. 2 Chron 14:7 Therefore he said to Judah, "Let us build these cities and make walls around them, and towers, gates, and bars, while the land is yet before us, because we have sought the LORD our God; we have sought Him, and He has given us rest on every side." So they built and prospered.

    18. The Divided Kingdom Ethiopia Invades Judah • 2 Chron. 14:9-15 JUDAH • After 10 years of peace, Asa & Judah was attacked by Zera from Ethiopia • Zera had an innumerable army of men & 300 chariots • Asa called out to God Israel: Baasha

    19. 2 Chron 14:11 And Asa cried out to the LORD his God, and said, "LORD, it is nothing for You to help, whether with many or with those who have no power; help us, O LORD our God, for we rest on You, and in Your name we go against this multitude. O LORD, You are our God; do not let man prevail against You!"

    20. The Divided Kingdom Ethiopia Invades Judah • 2 Chron. 14:9-15 JUDAH • God was with Judah and gave them victory • Zera’s vast army was crushed before the LORD • Judah plundered the army & surrounding cities • They enjoyed much spoil including livestock, sheep, & camels Israel: Baasha

    21. The Divided Kingdom Azariah the Prophet • 2 Chron. 15:1-7 JUDAH • God sent Azariah the prophet to Asa • He told Asa that God had been with Judah because of their faithfulness • If they continued, God would be with them • If they turned away, God would forsake them Israel: Baasha

    22. The Divided Kingdom Asa Renews Covenant • I Kings 15:9-15; 2 Chron. 15:8-19 JUDAH • Asa took courage from Azariah’s words • He continued to reform Judah spiritually • Asa removed idols from all the cities • He repaired the altar of burnt offering in the courtyard of the temple Israel: Baasha

    23. The Divided Kingdom Asa Renews Covenant • I Kings 15:9-15; 2 Chron. 15:8-19 JUDAH • In this reformation, Asa removed his own Grandmother, Maacah, from being Queen Mother • Maacah had an image of Asherah • Asa tore down the image & burned it Israel: Baasha

    24. 2 Chron 15:10-15 So they gathered together at Jerusalem in the third month, in the fifteenth year of the reign of Asa. And they offered to the LORD at that time seven hundred bulls and seven thousand sheep from the spoil they had brought. Then they entered into a covenant to seek the LORD God of their fathers with all their heart and with all their soul; and whoever would not seek the LORD God of Israel was to be put to death, whether small or great, whether man or woman. Then they took an oath before the LORD with a loud voice, with shouting and trumpets and rams' horns. And all Judah rejoiced at the oath, for they had sworn with all their heart and sought Him with all their soul; and He was found by them, and the LORD gave them rest all around.

    25. The Divided Kingdom ISRAEL Baasha’s Reign • 1 Kings 15:16-22; 15:33-16:7; 2 Chron 16:1-6 • Under Baasha’s reign there was a migration of many righteous men from Israel to Judah • Many left Israel initially when the kingdom split and Jeroboam rejected God • Again, “great numbers from Israel” left for Judah Judah: Asa

    26. 2 Chron 14:11 And Asa cried out to the LORD his God, and said, "LORD, it is nothing for You to help, whether with many or with those who have no power; help us, O LORD our God, for we rest on You, and in Your name we go against this multitude. O LORD, You are our God; do not let man prevail against You!"

    27. Till There Was No Remedy The Divided Kingdom Hananiand Jehu 2 Chron. 16:7 - 17:19; 1 Kings 16:1-34

    28. Judah Hanani the Prophet rebukes Asa – 2 Chron.16:7-10 26th year of Asa 27th year of Asa 31st year of Asa Israel Jehu the Prophet Reproves Baasha – 1 Kgs.16:1-6 Elah – reigns 2 years (evil) – 1 Kgs.16:8-14 Zimri – 1 week (evil) 1 Kgs.16:15-20 Omri – 12 years (evil) 1 Kgs.16:21-28 Divided History

    29. Judah 38th year of Asa Dies in 41st year Jehoshaphat – 25 years (Good) – 1 Kgs.22:41-50; 22:2-36 Strengthens His Kingdom Israel Ahab – 22 years (evil) 1 Kgs.16:29 – 22:40; 2 Chron.18:1-34 4th year of Ahab Jericho is rebuilt Divided History

    30. Judah’s Time Under Jehoshaphat • The Summary in 2 Chronicles 17 • Jehoshaphat succeeds his father Asa • Reigns piously, and is particularly blessed, v. 1-6 • His teaching ministry and beneficial effects, v. 7-10 • The Philistines and Arabians bring him gifts, v. 11 • His greatness, v. 12-13 • The commanders of his troops, v. 14-19

    31. Till There Was No Remedy The Divided Kingdom A Treaty of Peace 1 Kings 17:1 – 18:46

    32. Elijah the Tishbite 1 Kings 17 • Elijah's message to Ahab concerning the three years' drought, v. 1 • He is commanded to go to the brook Cherith; where he is fed by ravens, v. 2-7 • He afterward goes to a widow's house at Zarephath, and miraculously multiplies her meal and oil, v. 8-16 • Her son dies, and Elijah restores him to life, v. 17-24

    33. Places of Note

    34. Kishon brook and valley from Mt Carmel

    35. Elijah Ready to Face Ahab 1 Kings 18 • Elijah is commanded by the Lord to show himself to Ahab, v. 1-2 • Ahab, and Obadiah his steward, search the land to find grass for the cattle, v. 3-6 • Obadiah meets Elijah, who commands him to inform Ahab that he is ready to present himself before him, v. 7-15 • Elijah and Ahab meet, v. 16-18

    36. Elijah Challenges Ahab and Baal 1 Kings 18 • Elijah Challenges the 450 priests of Baal v. 19-24 • The proposal is accepted, and the priests of Baal call in vain upon their god through the whole day v. 25-29 • God Confirms By Fire His Relation to Elijah • The people acknowledge Yahweh to be the true God, and kill all the prophets of Baal v. 30-40 • Elijah promises Ahab that there shall be immediate rain; it comes accordingly, and Ahab and Elijah come to Jezreel v. 41-46

    37. Elijah runs before Ahab to the entrance of Jezreel

    38. Till There Was No Remedy The Divided Kingdom Elijah Flees to Mount Horeb 1 Kings 19:1 - 20:21

    39. Elijah Flees to Mount Horeb 1 Kings 19:1-18 • Ahab tells Jezebel what Elijah had done; she is enraged, and threatens to take away his life, v. 1-2 • He leaves Jezreel, and comes to Beer-sheba, and thence to the wilderness, where he is fed and encouraged by an angel, v. 3-9 • His complaint, and the vision by which God instructs him, v. 10-14 • He is sent to Damascus, in order to anoint Hazael king over Syria, and Jehu king over Israel, v. 15-18

    40. Elijah went back to where the covenant had been made, Mt. Horeb – where Moses talked to God, and where God made His covenant with Israel. As this map shows, the site of Mt. Sinai (Horeb) has long been an issue of uncertainty.

    41. Notice the various roads of possible travel for Elijah

    42. Elisha, The Successor 1 Kings 19:19-21 • Elijah and Elisha Meet • Elisha becomes Elijah’s attendant • Passing the cloak or mantle

    43. Samaria Is Attacked By The Syrians 1 Kings 20:1-21 • Ben-hadad, king of Syria, and thirty-two kings, besiege Samaria, v. 1 • He sends an insulting message to Ahab, and insists on pillaging the whole city, v. 2-7 • The elders of Israel counsel the king not to submit to such shameful conditions, v. 8

    44. Samaria Is Attacked By The Syrians 1 Kings 20:1-21 • He sends a refusal to Ben-hadad; who, being enraged, vows revenge, v. 9-12 • A prophet comes to Ahab, and promises him victory, and gives him directions how he should order the battle, v. 13-19 • The Syrians are defeated, and Ben-hadad barely escapes, v. 20-21

    45. God’s Help To Israel • Was not to give approval to Ahab or Israel • Was to confirm once more “that you may know that I am the Lord” • If God could handle the Syrians and bring about their defeat, He could also do the same to the rebellious Israelites at any time He chooses

    46. Till There Was No Remedy The Divided Kingdom The Syrians Come Again 1 Kings 20:22 – 21:29

    47. Review • Ahab Defeated a Syrian Attack • Ben-Hadad of Syria lost many horses and chariots • God showed Ahab this to try once more to let him know that “I am the Lord”

    48. The Syrians Come Again 1 Kings 20:22-34 • The Preparation: A Prophet Warned Ahab – 22 • Ben-Hadad’s false assurance of victory – 23-27 • The Prophecy: Ahab will win again because Israel’s enemy defamed the name of God – 28 • The Conflict: The Arameans lost 127,000 – 29-30 • The Conclusion: Ben-hadad’s officers begged for mercy from King Ahab; and Ahab made a treaty in disobedience to God – 31-34