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Civil Liberties . Katie Blevins Integrating Fall 2012 [email protected] Baron v. Baltimore . Challenges the right to Property John Baron Warf Owner- sued the state because they drained sewage into his Warf. Baron Lost the Case

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civil liberties

Civil Liberties

Katie Blevins

Integrating Fall 2012

[email protected]

baron v baltimore
Baron v. Baltimore
  • Challenges the right to Property
    • John Baron Warf Owner- sued the state because they drained sewage into his Warf.
      • Baron Lost the Case
    • The Bill of Rights does not protect against the states.
      • The 14th amendment incorporated the states.
freedom of religion
Freedom of Religion
  • Congress should make no law either advancing or inhibiting the Freedom of Religion or the exercise there of.
    • Reynold’s v. U.S.- 1878
    • Department of Health and Human Services of Oregon, et al v. Alfred L. Smith
establishment clause
Establishment Clause
  • The government cannot federally back a church.
    • Aid to parochial schools
      • Lemon v. Kurzmon
        • Lead to the Lemon Test
    • School Prayer
      • Engel v. Vatale
    • Religious displays on public property
freedom of speech
Freedom of Speech
  • Sedition
    • Dennis v. U.S.
    • Brandenburg v. Ohio
freedom of assembly
Freedom of Assembly
  • Chicago v. Morales
freedom of the press no prior restraint
Freedom of the PressNo Prior Restraint
  • Until the New York Times printed the Pentagon Papers
      • The papers were a threat to national security
        • They were shut down under the cause for national security.
  • Obscenity
  • Roth v. U.S.
    • Hicklin Test
  • Miller v. California
    • Overturned Roth
fourth amendment
Fourth Amendment

Terry v. Ohio

Mapp v. Ohio

DorleeMapp was suspected of harboring a bombing fugitive.

The cops kept looking until they found something illegal that had nothing to do with the original search warrant.

  • Established the “Terry Search”
fifth amendment
Fifth Amendment
  • Miranda v. Arizona
    • Miranda Rights
  • Double Jeopardy- is being tried twice for the same crime
    • Palko v. Connecticut `
sixth amendment
Sixth Amendment
  • Gideon v. Wainright
    • Gideon broke in to a pool hall
    • He could not afford an attorney to defend himself
      • Thus leading to legal counsel being provided for the poor
eighth amendment
Eighth Amendment
  • Atkins v. Virginia
    • Atkins killed someone and was sentenced to death
  • Furmen v. Georgia
    • States that executing the mentally retarded is considered cruel and unusual punishment
  • Katz v. U.S.
    • Electronic and survalince case
  • Giswald v. Connecticut
    • deals with family planning
civil rights
Civil Rights
  • 13th Amendment
    • Abolishes Slavery
  • 14th Amendment
    • Equal Protection Clause
  • 15th Amendment
    • Gives Newly Freed Slaves the right to Votes
  • 19th Amendment
  • Gives women the right to vote
civil rights cases
Civil Rights Cases
  • Scott v. Sanford
    • Scott moved his slave above the Mason-Dixion line
      • Sanford sued for his freedom because he was in a free state
        • Slaves are property they cannot win court cases
  • Plessy v. Fergison
    • Established separate but equal
you are protected against
You are Protected Against:
  • Exofacto law
    • Latin for “after the fact”
      • Meaning you cannot go to jail for something you did in the past which was legal at the time that is now illegal
  • Treason
    • has to be committed against country
    • 2 eyewitnesses to prove treason
    • “No Corruption of blood”
      • The family would be sentenced with espionage
you are protected against1
You are Protected Against:
  • Political Dissent- Writ of Habeas Corpus “ The Great Writ”
    • It was suspended during World War II
  • A Bill of Attainder
    • Where Congress outlawed a certain group of people
      • U.S. v. Lovett
        • Lovett Governor of the U.S. Virgin Islands was thought to be a communist by the state department.
  • All notes come from the lectures of Tony Horton
  • The lectures were given in November 8th and 15th 2012
  • The notes were recorded by Katie Blevins