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Section two Provincial Integrated Analysis —— Taking Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region as an example. I. The regional characteristics of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. II. The environmental and resources structure.

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slide1

Section two Provincial Integrated Analysis

——Taking Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region as an example

I.The regional characteristics of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

II. The environmental and resources structure

III. Economic development and national base construction

IV. The Mongolia ethnical customs

V. The developing strategy of Inner Mongolia

slide2

I.The regional characteristics of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

Beijing

·

·····

  • The north frontier:
  • Connect 2 countries, and the borderline is
  • 4221 km long.
  • Key in region of Eurasia bridge
  • Important port: Manzhouli, Ulanhot
  • Locate in two economic circle: northeast Asia and
  • Huan-Bohai, south of Mongolian Plateau
slide3

2. Striding 3 North, within the eight provinces

From east to west: the forward front of West Development, the backside of

east coastal region

Resource location: near the big resource province——Xinjiang and Qinghai

Market location: near Jing-Jin (Big suburb)

The grassland and energy region closely near the consuming place

——Northeast and North China

Administrative division of China

The longest domain

province

of China

2400 km from

east to west

1700 km from

north to south

slide4

3. Striding 5 kinds of ecologic regions

Forest-Forest grassland-typical grassland-

desert grassland-desert

Beijing

4. Striding the drainage basin,agriculture

region and livestock region from inner

and outer sides

Siberia Plate and Ancient China Plate

Endorheic river drainage basin and

Pacific drainage basin

Grassland pasture region-half

agriculture half pasture

region-agriculture region

slide5

5. The earliest Mongolia ethnic autonomous region in China

Founded on May 1st, 1947, original capital: Ulanhot

Present capital: Hohhot

including 12 cities and 101 counties (In 2000)

The land area: 1183,000

square kilometers

Occupy 12.3% of the total

area

Ordos city

slide7

II. The environmental-resources structure of

Inner Mongolia

1. Relief structure

Mountainous Back: Yinshan Mountain (1500~2000m) to

Daxinganling(1100~1400m)

Smooth, sand-windy plateau

Plain

650-700

1000-1300

1500-900

1000-1500

1300-1500

slide8

2. Landscape structure

1

2

Forest Grassland

3

6

Desert Grassland

4

5

1 forest - 2 forest shrub grassland -

3 typical grassland - 4 desert grassland -

5 grassland desert - 6 desert

slide9

3. Resource structure

Fe

Salt

Forest in east,

iron in west

coal all over

Oil and gas

coal

Bayan Obo

slide10

Ⅲ Economic development and national base construction

······

1. Rapidly develop economy, build up integral power

GNP added

value is 59.2

(times of

that of 1947)

GNP

(1000 million yuan)

Value added of

primary industry

is 18.2times

Value added of

secondary industry

is 413.8 times

year

Composition of Gross Domestic Product

Value added of

tertiary industry

is 165.5 times

primary industry secondary industry tertiary industry

slide11

Industrial added

value is 343.9

Value added of

industry(1000 million yuan)

Value added of

original coal is 221

year

Value added of

lumber is 74.2

Steel output

(10 000 tons)

Coal output(10000 tons)

Electricity output

(100 million kwh)

Value added of

energy output is 2690

Value added of steel

is 3.1 times

that of 1978

slide12

Value added of agriculture (1000 million yuan)

Value added of

agriculture is 18.2

Value added of

grain is 18.2

year

Grain Yield

(10 000 tons)

Oil bearing crops yield

(10 000 tons)

Number of Livestock

(year-end)

Value added of

livestock is 5.1

Value added of

cultivated Land

is 82.1

slide13

Value added of tertiary industry

(1000 million yuan)

Value added of

tertiary industry

is 165.5 times

Value added of

freight amount is

198k times (than that

of 1949)

year

Total retail sale of consumer goods

(1000 million yuan)

Value added of

passenger transport

is 15.3 times(than

that of 1952)

slide14

Value added of

total exports is 73.5 times

Total value of exports

(100 million Yuan)

Value added of

total imports is 141 (times

than that of 1976)

Value added of

international tourism

is 27.6

(times than that

of 1980)

year

Total value of imports

(100 million Yuan)

Value added of

foreign exchange earnings

is 89.2 (times than

that of 1981)

slide15

Value added of

science and technology fruit

is 3 times(1980)

Per capita annual disposable

income of urban households(yuan)

Value added of

university enrollment

are 68 times(1952)

year

Value added of

income of urban households

is 2.3 times(1978)

Per capita annual net

income of rural households

(yuan)

Value added of

income of rural households

is 2.8 times(1978)

slide16

··

2. Pillar industry and advantageous industry

Coal,

Oil and Gas 11%

Electricity 25%

Iron, Steel, Aluminum,

Rare earth 7%

The top 100 corporations

in Inner Mongolia

Chemical Industry

7%

Engine Manufacture

5%

Livestock Machining

7%

Constructional Materials

5%

Forest Industry

17%

slide17

The top 10 corporations:

1 Inner Mongolia BaoTou Steel Union Co., Ltd

6 Huabei Petroleum Administration,

Ulanhot Petroleum Exploration and

Development Company

2 BaoTou Steel Co., Ltd

7 Hohhot Cigarettes Factory

3 Inner Mongolia Eerduosi Cashmere

Products Co., Ltd

8 Inner Mongolia MengDian HuaNeng

Thermal Power Corporation Limited

4 ShenHua Group Zhungeer Energy

Co., Ltd

9 Baotou Aluminum Co., Ltd.

5 Inner Mongolia YiLi Industrial

Co., Ltd

10 Inner Mongolia Rare-Earth

Hi-Tech Co., Ltd

slide18

····

3. Energy and heavy chemical industry base

Coal accumulated demonstrated reserves is

225.6 billion tons

Take 22% of the country, Second large province

Demonstrated reserves per person is the first

Energy Industry

Found 318 coalfields, and 67 counties has coal

Coal contained area is 120,000 km

Large coalfield all around:

More than 100 million tons: 30

100 million to 1billion tons: 10

1 billion to 10 billion tons: 11

More than 10 billion tons: 5

Opencast working (4/5 national open coalmine)

Aggravate the difficulty of land recovery and

the danger of land retirement

97% coals is dynamical coal, having high quality

Dongsheng-Zhungeer

coalfield

slide19

Dalate

Electricity plant

Energy Industry

Government devote

capital,technology

and materials

Export electricity

Export gas

chemical

production

Erlian Oilfield

Export

Coal-mining

Coal resources

Labour Advantage

  • Forming the condition that coal and
  • electricity promotes each other and
  • synchronically constructed.
  • The generated energy advanced from
  • 25th (1978) to 13th now.

Coal

Exportation

Regional Industry

and Tertiary industry develop

slide20

Steel, Iron and Non-ferrous

Metal Industry

The steel products is the third

Pig iron is the 10th

The available reserves of iron and

aluminum is the 9th

Rare earth occupies more than 90% of

the whole country, is the 1st of the world

BaoTou Steel Co., Ltd

Baotou Aluminum Co., Ltd

slide21

Chemical

Industry

Xizhuozi Shan cement plant

Construction

Materials

Ji Lantai salt field

Commodity

advantage

Property

advantage

Resource

advantage

Natural gift

National property

incline

Market economy

Tongliao Glasswork plant

slide22

···

4. From national livestock base to livestock product base

cattle

sheep

camel

horse

Stocking place

Fattening place

马、牛、山羊的破坏作用,集宁肉联

slide23

National grassland livestock——livestock product base

Recourse advantage

Brand

product

Brand strategy

Market advantage

Regional advantage

Importation

product line

Green advantage

Modern management

Ethnic culture

advantage

slide24

Ⅳ Inner Mongolia customs

1. Taking Mongolian as main body, Han as majority

  • Mongolian: 3.86 million takes 16.78% of regional total
  • population
  • Takes 70% of national Mongolian population
  • Han: 18.32 million takes 79.64%
  • Other 49 minorities take about 4%
  • Population density: 18 persons/square kilometer
  • Pasture city: 33, Semi-pasture city: 21, takes half counties
  • In 1664, Qing government set the Gobi and desert as the boundary, dividing the north of desert as
  • Outer Mongolia while the south of desert as Inner Mongolia.
  • Inner Mongolia was dominated by Central Affairs Department, applying the Qi-Meng system.
  • Several Qi constitute Meng.
  • The governor of Meng was selected from Qi governors, and nominated by the emperor. Qi governor was
  • passed down for generations.
slide25

2. Mongolian basic necessities of life

····

Red food, white food, tea food and flour food

Handgrip meat

Mongolian gown, Mongolian boots and Mongolian knife

农牧交错区的奶茶、炒米对比

slide26

Shepherd settlement

Wuni

2M

Shepherd

settlement

Hana

4M

Calling “Mongolian Yurts Culture”

农牧交错区的对比,呼唤蒙古包文化

slide27

Vast Free

Lele

carriage

Horse back nation

Grassland

motor-bikers

slide28

Pasture pageant——NaDaMu

Trade

Man’s 3 skills

slide29

···

View of grassland

Zhaohe

Farming-pastoral Zone

Cultural site for Daxi

Wuchuan

Site for Deshenggou

Beijing-Baotou railway

Daqing Mts

Masutubai

Urban

Tourism

Route

Suggestion

Tower with

ten thousand lections

Former residence

for Wu Lanfu

Freeway

Tomb of Wang Zhaojun

Hasuhai

Fresco in tomb of Han dynasty

3. Pasture tourism

slide30

Tourism

Route

Suggestion

Baotou-Lanzhou railway

Beijing-Baotou railway

Yellow River

Baotou

Da Late

Xiangsha Bay

Cashmere sweater factory

Dongsheng

Zhun Ger

Folk Customs

Mausoleum for Genghis khan

Enclosure

Hong Jianchuo

Site for Revolution

Railway

National Road

Provincial Road

Wushen County

Raowan City

Hetao people

slide31

Bright Phearl in Grassland

Xilinhaote

Basalt Volcano

Forest Landscape

Natural Reserves

Balin Bridge

Sandy Land Landscape

Dalinaoer

Farmland

Keshiketeng

Wengpingte

Inner Mongolia Customs

Grassland Landscape

Loess Hill

Zhenglan County

Chifeng

Taipu Temple

Yuanbao Mts

Zhang Jiakou

Railway

National Road

Provincial Road

Beijing

Tourism

Route

Suggestion

slide32

V. Inner Mongolian Development Strategies

Five strategies:

Resource Conversion Opening Traction

Technology Prosperity Ability Opening

Brand Promotion

slide33

Review emphases for next part

Content reference: think about your hometown,

the west region(teaching materials)

the Bohai rim.