national greenhouse gas inventories and official statistics finnish experiences l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
National greenhouse gas inventories and official statistics - Finnish experiences PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
National greenhouse gas inventories and official statistics - Finnish experiences

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 20

National greenhouse gas inventories and official statistics - Finnish experiences - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 158 Views
  • Uploaded on

National greenhouse gas inventories and official statistics - Finnish experiences. Riitta Pipatti Statistics Finland. Conference on Climate Change, Development and Official Statistics Seoul, Republic of Korea 11 – 12 December 2008. Contents. National greenhouse gas inventories

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'National greenhouse gas inventories and official statistics - Finnish experiences' - makaila


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
national greenhouse gas inventories and official statistics finnish experiences

National greenhouse gas inventories and official statistics - Finnish experiences

Riitta Pipatti

Statistics Finland

Conference on Climate Change, Development and Official Statistics

Seoul, Republic of Korea

11 – 12 December 2008

contents
Contents
  • National greenhouse gas inventories
  • Finland’s national greenhouse gas inventory system
  • Current data needs and role of statistics
  • Future data needs
  • Conclusions

Riitta Pipatti

national greenhouse gas inventories
National Greenhouse Gas Inventories
  • Mandatory reporting for all Parties of the Climate Convention (UNFCCC)
    • Annex I Parties
      • annual reporting and annual review by international review teams
    • Non-Annex I Parties
      • periodic reporting as part of the national communication, no reviews (every four years, most non-Annex I Parties finalising their 2nd NCs)

Riitta Pipatti

national greenhouse gas inventories4
National greenhouse gas inventories
  • Gases: CO2, CH4, N2O, PFCs, HFCs and SF6 (air pollutants also reported but not part of the Kyoto Protocol)
    • Reporting of actual, annual emissions
  • Sectors: energy; industrial processes; solvent and other product use; agriculture, land use; land-use change and forestry; waste; other
    • International transport – reported but not part the Kyoto Protocol accounting framework
  • Methodologies
    • from simple calculations: emissions = activity data X emission factor to complex model calculations, e.g. first-order day model to estimate methane emissions from landfills

Riitta Pipatti

national greenhouse gas inventories5
National greenhouse gas inventories
  • Reporting requirements for Annex I Parties
  • Submissions under the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol
      • by 15 April each year, strict timeline, >6 week delay ==> loss of eligibility to use Kyoto Mechanisms
      • strict reporting format (Common Reporting Format (CRF) tables, National Inventory Report NIR)
      • strict requirements on methodologies: IPCC guidelines and good practice guidance

Riitta Pipatti

slide6

IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories

  • Revised 1996 Guidelines
  • 2000 Good Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management(GPG2000)
  • Good Practice Guidance for Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (GPG-LULUCF)
  • 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories

Riitta Pipatti

national greenhouse gas inventories8
National greenhouse gas inventories
  • Requirements on legal, institutional and procedural arrangements
    • National systems under Article 5, para 2 of the Kyoto Protocol
      • single entity responsible for the inventory
      • to ensure capacity (resources, competence) for timely performance meeting the reporting requirements
      • Quality management - continuous improvement; tiered approach; certain QC/QA measures mandatory (IPCC Tier 1)
      • mandatory - reviewed

Riitta Pipatti

national greenhouse gas inventories9
National greenhouse gas inventories
  • General requirements/inventory principles
    • transparency (CRF tables, National Inventory Report)
    • consistency (time series, consistency among sectors/categories)
    • comparability (among Parties of the UNFCCC)
    • completeness
    • accuracy (no systematic over/underestimation; uncertainties reduced as far as practicable)
  • UN Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics and European Statistics’ Code of Practice :
    • aim largely to the same goal; differences in scope, detail and terminology

Riitta Pipatti

finland s national system
Finland’s National System
  • Statistics Finland - national entity with overall responsibility since 2005
    • Statistics Act: access to administrative data
    • established procedures for data processing incl. confidentiality, verification and validation of data
    • objectivity in inventory reporting
  • Greenhouse Gas (GHG) inventories in Finland since early 1990s - current system more resources and expertise, more formalised system (detailed agreements and protocols on responsibilities)

Riitta Pipatti

finland s ghg inventory data collection
Finland’s GHG Inventory - Data collection
  • Relying mainly on data from the existing statistical system
    • close collaboration with energy statistics (mutual benefits)
    • much of the data register-based - the registers are not always consistent
      • no gaps allowed; Kyoto Protocol - conservative adjustments
      • no overlaps or double-counting of the emissions and removals allowed
      • ensuring completeness and consistency can be resource consuming (e.g. land-use data in Finland)

Riitta Pipatti

finland s ghg inventory data collection15
Finland’s GHG Inventory - Data collection
  • data on F-gases, some industrial processes and peat production areas collected with direct queries (efforts to reduce the burden on data providers)
  • data from the emission trading registry used directly or for verification
  • part of the data (mainly emission factors, parameters) for specific categories are based on research studies, measurement programmes, expert opinion, etc; these studies are resource consuming
  • reporting and reviews - specific modalities for disclosure of confidential data

Riitta Pipatti

current and future data needs and the role of statistics
Current and future data needs and the role of statistics
  • Quality and availability of activity data crucial for the quality of the national greenhouse gas inventory
    • official statistics
      • the most important sources of data
      • cover much of the need, but not all
      • timelines of data
      • in developing countries - significant lack of data

Riitta Pipatti

current and future data needs and the role of statistics17
Current and future data needs and the role of statistics
  • Importance of the emission data and the links to economic data enhanced
    • CRF does not fully follow ISIC/NACE classifications
    • difficult if not impossible to combine data over sectors by branch of industry (depends on metadata available)
      • Finland – part of the metadata collected at process/plant or company level and ISIC/NACE classification recorded in the data system (energy, industrial processes)

Riitta Pipatti

current and future data needs and the role of statistics18
Current and future data needs and the role of statistics
  • What statistical offices can do to facilitate the preparation and development of inventories:
    • statistical data collection - to take the inventory needs into account in the development and prioritization of data collection
    • harmonisation of classifications (CRF vs. ISIC/NACE) on long term -mapping between the classifications on short term
  • Increased collaboration and dialog - the key issue
    • national collaboration
    • international collaboration (IPCC, UNFCCC)

Riitta Pipatti

future data needs
Future data needs
  • UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol
    • negotiations for future commitment periods ongoing
    • framework, structure of commitments may change
      • sectoral commitments? -- enhanced need of data by ISIC/NACE classification
    • MRV - measurable, reportable, verifiable
      • additional reporting on all commitments (emissions, policies and measures, technology transfer, funding, etc.):
  • International statistical community - active participation and input in the UNFCCC and IPCC processes

Riitta Pipatti

slide20
Thank you!

Information on Statistics Finland and the Finnish National Greenhouse Gas Inventory System at

www.stat.fi and

www.stat.fi/greenhousegases

Information on IPCC, the Climate Convention and Kyoto Protocol,

www.ipcc.ch

unfccc.int

Riitta Pipatti