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Vocabulary Unit 3. Mrs. Williams English 9 and 9B. abridge (v.) to make shorter. Synonyms: shorten, condense, abbreviate Antonyms: expand, enlarge, augment EX Travel by air abridges the time needed to reach far-distant places.

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vocabulary unit 3

Vocabulary Unit 3

Mrs. Williams

English 9 and 9B

abridge v to make shorter
abridge (v.) to make shorter
  • Synonyms: shorten, condense, abbreviate
  • Antonyms: expand, enlarge, augment
  • EX
    • Travel by air abridges the time needed to reach far-distant places.
adherent n a follower supporter adj attached sticking to
adherent (n.) a follower, supporter; (adj.) attached, sticking to
  • Synonyms: (n.) disciple; partisans
  • Antonyms: (n.) opponent, adversary, critic, detractor
  • EX
    • The senator’s loyal adherents campaigned long and hard for her reelection.
    • Before we could repaint the walls of our living room, we had to remove an adherent layer of wallpaper.
condone v to pardon or overlook
condone (v.) to pardon or overlook
  • Synonyms: ignore, wink at, turn a blind eye to
  • Antonyms: censure, condemn, disapprove, deprecate
  • EX
    • Our parents have always made it crystal clear to us that they do not condone rude behavior.
dissent v to disagree n disagreement
dissent (v.) to disagree; (n.) disagreement
  • Synonyms: (v.) differ, dispute
  • Antonyms: (v.) agree, concur; (n.) unanimity, harmony
  • EX
    • Justices have an option to dissent from a ruling issued by a majority of the Supreme Court.
    • Some people voice their dissent on issues of public policy by writing letters to newspapers.
eminent adj famous outstanding distinguished projecting
eminent (adj.) famous, outstanding, distinguished; projecting
  • Synonyms: illustrious, renowned
  • Antonyms: obscure, nameless, unsung, lowly, humble
  • EX
    • A group of eminent scientists met to discuss long-term changes in Earth’s climate.
fabricate v to make manufacture to make up to invent
fabricate (v.) to make, manufacture; to make up, to invent
  • Synonyms: put together, devise, contrive, concoct
  • Antonyms: take apart, undo, destroy, demolish
  • EX
    • Threads from the cocoons of caterpillars called silkworms are used to fabricate silk.
irate adj angry
irate (adj.) angry
  • Synonyms: incensed, infuriated, enraged, livid
  • Antonyms: calm, composed, cool, unruffled
  • EX
    • Long delays caused by bad weather are likely to make even the most unflappable travelers irate.
pauper n extremely poor person
pauper (n.) extremely poor person
  • Synonyms: destitute person
  • Antonyms: millionaire, tycoon
  • EX
    • During the Great Depression, many people were reduced to leading the desperate lives of paupers.
pilfer v to steal in small quantities
pilfer (v.) to steal in small quantities
  • Synonyms: filch, rob, swipe, purloin
  • EX
    • An employee who pilfers from the petty cash box will get caught sooner or later.
rift n a split break breach
rift (n.) a split, break, breach
  • Synonyms: crack, fissure, gap, cleft
  • Antonyms: reconciliation
  • EX
    • Failure to repay a loan can be the cause of an angry rift between longtime friends.
semblance n a likeness an outward appearance an apparition
semblance (n.) a likeness; an outward appearance; an apparition
  • Synonyms: appearance, air, aura, veneer, facade
  • Antonyms: dissimilarity, contrast, total lack
  • EX
    • Despite a bad case of stage fright, I tried to maintain a semblance of calm as I sang my solo.
surmount v to overcome rise above
surmount (v.) to overcome, rise above
  • Synonyms: conquer, triumph over
  • Antonyms: be vanquished, be defeated, succumb to
  • EX
    • Wilma Rudolph surmounted childhood illness and physical disabilities with three Olympic gold medals.
terminate v to bring to an end
terminate (v.) to bring to an end
  • Synonyms: conclude, finish, discontinue
  • Antonyms: begin, commence, initiate
  • EX
    • If you fail to perform your job satisfactorily, your boss may terminate your employment.
trite adj commonplace overused stale
trite (adj.) commonplace; overused, stale
  • Synonyms: banal, hackneyed, corny, timeworn
  • Antonyms: original, novel, fresh, innovative
  • EX
    • When you write an essay or story, be especially careful to avoid using trite expressions.
  • EXAMPLES:
    • The early bird gets the worm.
    • They're like two peas in a pod.
    • more fun than a barrel of monkeys
    • eat my dust
    • open a can of worms
usurp v to seize and hold a position by force or without right
usurp (v.) to seize and hold a position by force or without right
  • Synonyms: seize illegally, commandeer, supplant
  • EX
    • The general who led the coup usurped the office of the duly elected president.