Clinical Information Systems
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Clinical Information Systems. Presenter name Presenter Organization Location and date. Adapted from Improving Chronic Illness Care The Care Model. Community . Health System. Health Care Organization. Resources and Policies. Clinical Information Systems.

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Clinical Information Systems

Presenter name

Presenter Organization

Location and date

Adapted from Improving Chronic Illness Care

The care model l.jpg
The Care Model


Health System

Health Care Organization

Resources and Policies


Self-Management Support





You are




Practice Team






Improved Outcomes

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If a productive patient-clinician interaction is at the heart of good visit, then information

is the life blood flowing throughout

that interaction

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Currently Information Available During the Interaction Tends to Be:

  • focused on the paper record

  • disorganized

  • disease/procedure-centered versus patient-centered

  • responsiveto the past interaction versus forward looking

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Clinical to Be:Information SystemSystem Change Concepts

  • Provide timely reminders for providers and patients.

  • Identify relevant subpopulations for proactive care.

  • Facilitate individual patient care planning.

  • Share information with patients and providers to coordinate care.

  • Monitor performance of practice team and care system

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What is needed in terms of technology? to Be:

The technology is not the issue!

It could be a :

  • shoebox full of 3x5 cards

  • a paper log of patient data

  • spreadsheet

  • simple database

  • web or LAN-based repository

  • electronic medical record

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What is the Issue? to Be:


Whatever you use must be able to deliver information that supports the practice team in the delivery of individual and population-based care

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For many of us, it will be a registry. to Be:

A registry is a list of patients and their relevant clinical data that can be sorted by a condition or set of conditions in order to improve and monitor the care of the population

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What a Registry Should Be to Be:

  • be quick to implement

  • be simple to use

  • be organized by patient; not disease, but responsive to disease populations

  • contain only data relevant to clinical practice

  • when necessary, make data entry simple and efficient

  • be easy to update from other automated data sources

  • assist with internal and external performance reporting

  • guide clinical care first, measurement second!

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What a Registry Should Not Be to Be:

  • try to emulate data load & functionality of an EMR

  • require an advanced training operate and maintain

  • not become the “obsession” of practice activity

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Can I use my EMR for what I need to do? Yes, if… to Be:

  • It provides access to lab data, dx test results, and across settings in your system.

  • Guidelines and prompts are included for needed services

  • You can identify populations and subpopulations of patients

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Can I…(cont.) to Be:


  • Allows stratification of patients (complexity, disease severity for case management services)

  • Captures outcomes by provider

  • Captures all critical clinical information

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Reminders to Be:

Timely reminders for providers and patients

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Prompts to deliver evidence-based care. They can be delivered :

  • At the time of visit

  • Through population reports

  • Via exception reports

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Populations and sub-populations delivered :

Relevant for proactive care.

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Population-Based Care delivered :

  • Goal: Maximize the health outcomes of a defined population (all patients for one clinic, a provider panel, patients at risk)

  • Efforts are made to assure that all relevant members of a population receive needed services

  • Use info systems, planning and outreach

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Individual Care Planning delivered :

  • Having the right information readily available at the time of the encounter (patient summaries)

  • Having the right tools to create and track treatment plans both clinical and self-management

  • Ensuring the all routine care is delivered at the appropriate time

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Manifestations of care planning delivered :

  • Summaries provided to patients

  • Description of patient actions and provider actions

  • Shared care plan

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Share information delivered :

To coordinate care

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Avoiding miscommunication delivered :

Ensure understanding of the care processes across all parties

Reduce duplication of effort by care providers

Eliminate frustration caused by uncertainty of who is delivering what care when!

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Monitoring performance delivered :

Of the provider and system

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Use the CIS to: delivered :

  • Create population-specific reports

  • Facilitate external reporting requirements

  • Create dashboard reports of the practice as a whole

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CIS: Facts vs. Fears delivered :

Fear: Why do we have to have a registry?

Fact: Planned population-based care cannot be done without knowing your patient population and its key clinical data

Fact: Primary care teams that implement registries are more likely to improve processes of care for all chronic conditions

Fact: Teams with registries are less likely to lose patients to follow-up, and more likely to improve patient satisfaction as care improves

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CIS: Facts vs. Fears delivered :

Fear: I don’t need anyone telling me how to practice! I’m doing just fine with my patients!

Fact: Surveys show that providers consistently under estimate the numbers of patients with chronic disease in their practice

Fact: Surveys show that provider consistently over estimate their performance measures on process and clinical outcomes for chronically ill patients.

Fact: The two are interdependent.

Fact: Knowing you population of patients will help rectify this disparity.

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CIS: Facts vs. Fears delivered :

Fear: It’s just more work during our already hectic day!

Fact: Using a patient summary form from a Registry will actually reduce charting time and make the visit run more smoothly

Fact: The form gives a snapshot of past care, reminders of needed care and planning for future care all at the time of the visit

Fact: Teams with registries feel better prepared for visits since they have the patient information when and where they need it.

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CIS: Facts vs. Fears delivered :

Fear: This will cost me a fortune and there’s no return on investment!

Fact: Implementing a registry is simple, and there are economies of scale as you add more patients.

Fact: Registries facilitate populations-based care which improves outcomes and patient satisfaction

Fact: Planned care via the registry generates visits that are typically of higher intensity while reducing unexpected visits for acute exacerbations

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Making Clinical Information delivered :Work for You in Clinical Practice

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The Software delivered :

  • Assess available software for appropriate functionality

  • Install the software.

  • Identify training resources.

  • Highlight CIS importance to rest of team for buy-in

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The Chronic Illness Data Manager delivered :

  • Identify best person on team to manage the disease management information.

  • Choose person with computer skills and interest.

  • Define roles and responsibilities for manager.

  • Secure training for manager as needed.

  • Train a back-up.

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Populating a Registry delivered :

  • Use billing data and ICD9 codes to identify specific populations or build prospectively.

  • Download names and contact information into registry.

  • Establish process for regular population updates.

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Getting Clinical Data into the Registry delivered :

  • Define the relevant clinical data needs.

  • Use the visit for collecting non-automated data.

  • Develop and test data capture process.

  • Use chart audits judiciously.

  • Develop and test data entry process

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Using Data at Point of Care delivered :

  • Establish process for producing patient summary data for use at time of visit. (acute or planned)

  • Make sure summary is replacing other data capture processes to avoid double entry.

  • Ensure summary is on chart or in the exam room.

  • Does the summary work for various patient types?

  • Ensure new data is captured on the summary.

  • Develop process for new summary data to be entered into registry.

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Using Data for Care Reminders delivered :

  • Establish what you want “reminding” about.

  • Determine how you want to be reminded. (i.e, exception reports or individual patient prompts)

  • Identify team member responsible for monitoring reminders.

  • Create process for responding to reminders. (i.e., who calls patient, when and for what purpose)

  • Create process for updating/modifying reminders.

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Using Data to Monitor Performance delivered :

  • Determine what types of population reports are needed and reporting intervals.

  • Establish process for creating customized reports.

  • Who will generate reports?

  • Who receives reports?

  • Do the reports facilitate continued improvement?

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Keys to Success from Others That Have Implemented Registries delivered :

  • Everyone understands the clinical utility and supports the time involved in registry upkeep. Care management using registry data is a team approach

  • Dedicated time each week for primary team to use data

  • Data forms are clear, roles are assigned, data review time allotted.

  • Data are clinically relevant, and used for patient care first, and measurement second.

  • Data can be shared with patient to improve understanding of treatment plan.

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Keys to success for using an EMR delivered :

  • Participate in purchase and design decisions

  • Work up to full functionality (don’t turn all the reminders/prompts on at once!)

  • Get help from leadership and make sure the disease management needs are met.

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Barriers to CIS use delivered :

  • Lack of perceived value

  • Competing business and productivity demands

  • Lack of office flow expertise

  • Lack of information support

  • Lack of leadership support

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For More Information: delivered :

Please visit Improving Chronic Illness Care’s web site at