Imperialists Divide Nigeria and South Africa. 623-632 and 713-722. Historical background information:.
623-632 and 713-722
What were the responses to imperialism within the region or country? Who were the individuals or groups that aided resistance within the country or region? When and how did your country or region gain independence?
Egypt had already begun westernizing and modernizing itself without being controlled by a European power. Once Britain took indirect rule over Egypt, Egyptians became unhappy. British rule was not benefitting the Egyptian population, and the two cultures clashed.
Exposure to Europe corrupted the once peaceful Africa with violent weapons, segregation, oppression, and bitter divisions. Also, the farming out of lands to private companies resulted in inhumane abuses. As Europeans discovered more natural resources in Africa, they pushed natives out of their homelands. The natives didn’t stand a chance against modern weapons such as machine guns. Many natives were forced into reserves, and colonial rule disrupted Africans’ lives beyond the hope of continuing on as usual and ignoring the European invaders.
European imperialist powers’ invasions benefitted only themselves, and they completely ignored and oppressed the Africans.
The Zulu kingdom was a very powerful kingdom established by the military genius Shaka. They entered into a war with Britain in 1879, with a victory at Isanhlwana, but were defeated a few months later. Despite their defeat, the Zulu maintained a strong sense of nationalism.
This is St. George’s church, a church carved from bedrock in the Ethiopian highlands. Africans came into contact with Christian missionaries, who opened schools and preached throughout Africa, more than any other Europeans. “Ethiopian” churches combined Christianity with African traditions and values.