Towns in Norman times. .. The Doomsday Book named just over 100 towns and very few with more 10,000 population. However, as the country began to settle down and more people became richer and the population grew, more goods were made and bought – and most of this took place in towns.
However, as the country began to settle down and more people became richer and the population grew, more goods were made and bought – and most of this took place in towns.
In Colchester in 1300, there were:
95 ale-brewers of which 70 were womenAt the time of the Norman conquest …
Pigs eating rubbish in the street
Buildings are timber framed
Upper storey overhangs to maximise space
Buildings are closely packed - fire risk
Sewage in the middle of the street
Rubbish thrown into the street
What were the towns like?
The English started using surnames sometime after 1200. The names were used to tell people the craft or trade of their owners.
Here are the names of some Medieval people:
Tanner Miller Smith Taylor
Weaver Fisher Butcher Carpenter
Baker Mason Cook Wright
Wright is probably the hardest and is more frequently seen at the end of a name e.g. Cartwright. It basically means a handicraftsmen, especially someone who works with wood; so Cartwright is someone who makes wooden carts.