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Surviving the Great Depression. Lexie Bowen, Sara Lascano , Dallas Smith, Lily Bragg. Unemployment . Unemployment at 24.9% by 1933. American “dream” betrayed now. Did anything to keep rent paid and food on table. Soup kitchens a big help! Life became a daily struggle. The Dust Bowl .

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surviving the great depression

Surviving the Great Depression

Lexie Bowen, Sara Lascano, Dallas Smith, Lily Bragg

unemployment
Unemployment
  • Unemployment at 24.9% by 1933.
  • American “dream” betrayed now.
  • Did anything to keep rent paid and food on table.
  • Soup kitchens a big help!
  • Life became a daily struggle.
the dust bowl
The Dust Bowl
  • Started in Great plains; Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, New Mexico, and Colorado.
  • Middle of 1930s.
  • Drought, loose top soil, and high winds.
  • Killed many animals, ruined farm land.
  • Destroyed rivers.
  • Farmers migrated & lost farms to banks.
  • Okies: Dust Bowl refugees.
public assistance
Public Assistance
  • Family service agencies were overwhelmed by unemployment after the stock market crash of 1929.
  • Public services now had middle class cliental who were jobless, homeless, and hungry.
  • Most agencies struggled to stay open and by 1932, 1/3 of services were no longer available due to lack of funds
public assistance1
Public Assistance
  • The federal government started working on new programs and new funding techniques
  • The Department of Special Studies was created to find new methods to end unemployment and other strong issues.
  • President Roosevelt enacted New Deal welfare programs (creating a safety net for those in poverty, unemployed, and disabled.
public assistance2
Public Assistance
  • 1935- Landmark Security Act was enacted, it included social insurance for children with single parents, the elderly, and disabled workers.
  • The abundance of new programs and funds created a high demand for social service workers.
  • Opportunities opened in education, medicine, social justice, etc.
  • The demand required the knowledge and skills of a social worker causing a shortage of personnel
  • This forced the federal government to create new associations and training programs to fill the places needed.
soup kitchen
Soup Kitchen
  • A soup kitchen is a bread line, or meal center where food is offered to the hungry, for free or at a reasonably low price. Mainly located in a lower income neighborhoods.
  • Soup kitchens in America, started around 1929, when the Great Depression was starting to affect Americans.
soup kitchen1
Soup Kitchen
  • When soup kitchens first appeared, they were mainly run by either churches, or private charities.
  • When the middle of the 1930’s rolled around, federal governments were also operating soup kitchens.
  • Soup kitchens mainly specialized in manufacturing and selling bread, and soup (Water could be added if necessary)
al capone and his new image
Al capone and his new image
  • Al Capone started his own soup kitchen, because he wanted to erase the shady image that people had for him.
  • He served three meals a day to assure that those less fortunate would have food to eat.
riding the rails
“Riding the Rails”
  • Forced to move, many had to illegally hop freight trains
  • Called hoboes
  • Bulls-cruel guards hired by railroads to make sure there were only paying riders
  • Run beside train and hop on, if missed many lost limbs or life
riding the rails1
“Riding the rails”
  • Jump off as neared destination so not arrested or beaten by bulls
  • Many left home because of unemployment, poverty, or simply an adventure
  • Young kids boxcar kids
  • Used Signs with other hoboes for information such as were to find food