Download
pendekatan pkn n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Pendekatan PKn PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Pendekatan PKn

Pendekatan PKn

82 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Pendekatan PKn

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. PendekatanPKn

  2. Citizenship Education • PKndirumuskansecaraluasuntukmencakupprosespenyiapangenerasimudauntukmengambilperandantanggungjawabnyasebagaiwarganegara, dansecarakhusus, peranpendidikantermasukdidalamnyapersekolahan, pengajaran, danbelajardalamprosespenyiapanwarganegaratersebut • David Kerr

  3. Pengorganisasian CE • Separated, CE diajarkansebagaisuatumatapelajaran • Integrated, CE diajarkansebagaibagiandarisuatumatapelajaranterpadu Social Science atau Social Studies, ataudikaitkandenganmatapelajaran lain • Cross Curricular, CE tidaksecarakhusussebagaisuatumatapelajaran, melainkandimasukankedalamkeseluruhantatanankurikulumdenganmemasukannyakedalammatapelajaran yang ada (John C. Cogan dan Jack Allen)

  4. KontinumdanPendekatan CE • School Curriculum and Assessment Authority (SCAA) melaluiNational Foundation for Educational Research in England and Wales (NFER) melakukanstuditentangInternational Review of Curriculum And Assessment Framework di 16 negara (Australia, Canada, England, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Korea, The Netherland, New Zealand, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, dan The USA) menemukanvariasipengorganisasiancitizenship education

  5. Kontinum CE (David Kerr) • Thin • Exclusive • Elitist • Civic education • Formal • Content led • Knowledge based • Didactic transmission • Easier to achieve and measure in practice • Thick • Inclusive • Activist • Citizenship education • Participative • Process led • Value based • Interactive interpretation • More difficult to achieve and measure in practice MINIMAL MAKSIMAL

  6. Kontinum Minimal • MINIMAL: PKndidefinisikansecarasempit, hanyamewadahiaspirasitertentu, berbentukcivic education, bersifat formal, terikatolehisi, berorientasipadapengetahuan, menitikberatkanpadaprosespengajaran, hasilnyamudahdiukur

  7. KontinumMaksimal • MAKSIMAL: PKndidefinisikansecaraluas, mewadahiberbagaiaspirasidanmelibatkanberbagaiunsurmasyarakat, kombinasipendekatan formal dan informal, diberi label citizenship education,menitikberatkanpadapartisipasisiswamelaluipencarianisidanprosesdidalammaupundiluarkelas, hasilnyalebihsukardicapaidandiukurkarenakompleksnyahasilbelajar

  8. Pendekatan CE THIN MINIMUM 1. EDUCATION ABOUT CITIZENSHIP KNOWING CITIZENSHIP MODERATE 2. EDUCATION THROUGH CITIZENSHIP DOING CITIZENSHIP THICK MAXIMUM 3. EDUCATION FOR CITIZENSHIP BUILDINGCITIZENSHIP

  9. Education about Citizenship: memusatkanperhatianuntukmempersiapkan siswa dengan pengetahuan yang cukup dan pemahaman tentang sejarah nasional dan struktur dan proses pemerintahan dan kehidupan politik • Education through Citizenship: menitikberatkanpadaprinsippelibatansiswa untukbelajar dengan melakukan,  aktif,pengalaman partisipatif di sekolah atau di masyarakat • Education for Citizenship: membekali siswa dengan seperangkatpengetahuan, pemahaman, keterampilan dan sikap, nilai dan watak/karakter yang memungkinkan mereka untuk berpartisipasi secara aktif danbijaksana dalam peran dan tanggung jawab yang mereka hadapidalam kehidupan dewasa

  10. PendekatandanKontinum CE CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION CONTINUM Education about Citizenship Education Through/in Citizenship Education for Citizenship THICK CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION MODERATE CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION THIN CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION (inclusive, activist, participative, process-led, value-based, interactive, more difficult to achieve, citizenship education) (exclusive, elitist, formal, content-led, knowledge-based, didactic transmission, easier to achieve, civic education) (Central, South & East Europe, Australia) (South East Asia : Indonesia) (North Europe, USA, New Zealand) Adapted from CIVITAS : 1996; & Kerr : 1999; Udin : 2001)