Egypt: . Learning Target: I can explain how nationalism caused changes in Egypt. Nationalism : pride and devotion to one’s nation. Gained independence from Great Britain in 1922, BUT, British troops occupied the Suez Canal Zone 1936 Treaty allows Britain to defend Egypt
Learning Target: I can explain how nationalism caused changes in Egypt.
Nationalism: pride and devotion to one’s nation
Gamal Abdel Nasser:
Directions: Read pages 952-953 in Human Legacy, starting at “A New Government in Egypt” and describe each of the following people or places in relation to Egyptian nationalism.
1. Nassar signed an arms deal with __________
2. US and Britain refuse to loan Egypt money to build a _______
3. Nassar takes control of the ______________
4. Hostility between ____________ and ___________ grows
5. October 1956: _________, __________, and _________ attack ________
6. Israel invades the _________________
7. British and French occupy the ______________________
8. US did not support this, so ___________________________________
9. ______________ is in control of the Suez Canal
In a complete paragraph, describe the series of events that led to Egyptian control of the Suez Canal.
Possible topic sentence: Egyptian nationalism began when ____________ (include information about Nasser and the Baghdad Pact)
Then describe at least three events that led to Egypt being in control of the Suez Canal.
Finish your paragraph by describing Pan Arabism and what Nasser hoped to accomplish.
At least five complete sentences, on a separate piece of paper, to be turned in.
Mohammed Rezi Pahlavi Shah 1941
Britain and Russia occupied parts of Iran
Britain controlled oil industry
Iranian Nationalists wanted to take control of the oil, reduce the power of the shah, and establish a monarchy
Mosaddeq is elected prime minister of Iran and nationalizes the oil industry
Britain and the US boycott Iranian oil
Military officers, Britain, and the US are upset and join a coup to overthrow Mosaddeq
Mosaddeq is overthrown, the shah returns to power
Shah starts reforms: increases literacy, industry, education, healthcare, and opportunities for women
Shah also rules with an iron hand: secret police are used to intimidate and torture
Conservatives were opposed to all the changes and movement away from traditional Islamic values
Islamic Fundamentalism: movement to reorganize the government and society according to Islamic laws
November 1979: Iranian students storm the US Embassy at Tehran and take 66 hostages
Iran cancels military treaties and refuses to negotiate with the US
Six American embassy employees are found to have escaped and hid in the Canadian embassy, and escape in January 1980 with the help of the Canadian government and CIA
January 1981: US negotiates with Iran, unfreezes their assets and the hostages are released