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Egypt: . Learning Target: I can explain how nationalism caused changes in Egypt. Nationalism : pride and devotion to one’s nation. Gained independence from Great Britain in 1922, BUT, British troops occupied the Suez Canal Zone 1936 Treaty allows Britain to defend Egypt

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egypt
Egypt:

Learning Target: I can explain how nationalism caused changes in Egypt.

Nationalism: pride and devotion to one’s nation

slide2
Gained independence from Great Britain in 1922,
  • BUT, British troops occupied the Suez Canal Zone
  • 1936 Treaty allows Britain to defend Egypt
  • Lost in the first Arab-Israeli War, which discredited King Farouk I
slide3
Page 952-953

Gamal Abdel Nasser:

Baghdad Pact:

slide4

Directions: Read pages 952-953 in Human Legacy, starting at “A New Government in Egypt” and describe each of the following people or places in relation to Egyptian nationalism.

Suez Crisis:

1. Nassar signed an arms deal with __________

2. US and Britain refuse to loan Egypt money to build a _______

3. Nassar takes control of the ______________

4. Hostility between ____________ and ___________ grows

5. October 1956: _________, __________, and _________ attack ________

6. Israel invades the _________________

7. British and French occupy the ______________________

8. US did not support this, so ___________________________________

9. ______________ is in control of the Suez Canal

Pan Arabism:

quick check
Quick Check

In a complete paragraph, describe the series of events that led to Egyptian control of the Suez Canal.

Possible topic sentence: Egyptian nationalism began when ____________ (include information about Nasser and the Baghdad Pact)

Then describe at least three events that led to Egypt being in control of the Suez Canal.

Finish your paragraph by describing Pan Arabism and what Nasser hoped to accomplish.

At least five complete sentences, on a separate piece of paper, to be turned in.

slide6
Iran

Mohammed Rezi Pahlavi Shah 1941

Britain and Russia occupied parts of Iran

Britain controlled oil industry

Iranian Nationalists wanted to take control of the oil, reduce the power of the shah, and establish a monarchy

Mosaddeq is elected prime minister of Iran and nationalizes the oil industry

Britain and the US boycott Iranian oil

slide7
Mosaddeq reduces the power of the monarch, reduces the size of the army

Military officers, Britain, and the US are upset and join a coup to overthrow Mosaddeq

Mosaddeq is overthrown, the shah returns to power

iranian revolution
Iranian Revolution

Shah starts reforms: increases literacy, industry, education, healthcare, and opportunities for women

Shah also rules with an iron hand: secret police are used to intimidate and torture

Conservatives were opposed to all the changes and movement away from traditional Islamic values

Islamic Fundamentalism: movement to reorganize the government and society according to Islamic laws

slide9
Iranians feel threatened in the 1970s because ___________________________
  • 1978: Iranians protest against the ____________
  • ____________, a Shia religious leader, leads the protests
  • Shah flees from Iran in _______
slide10
Iranian Revolution: Iran becomes __________ with _______________ as it’s leader
  • Government destroys opposition
  • Enforces strict social and religious values
  • October 1979: Shah comes to the US to receive medical treatment, enrages Iranian people
iranian hostage crisis
Iranian Hostage Crisis

November 1979: Iranian students storm the US Embassy at Tehran and take 66 hostages

Iran cancels military treaties and refuses to negotiate with the US

Six American embassy employees are found to have escaped and hid in the Canadian embassy, and escape in January 1980 with the help of the Canadian government and CIA

January 1981: US negotiates with Iran, unfreezes their assets and the hostages are released